Presentation on theme: "I NTERNATIONAL A SSISTANCE DONOR PERSPECTIVES Mr Tim Horner Mine Action Advisor, Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UNDP New York March 2013 Addis."— Presentation transcript:
I NTERNATIONAL A SSISTANCE DONOR PERSPECTIVES Mr Tim Horner Mine Action Advisor, Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UNDP New York March 2013 Addis Abbba March 2013
Why do donors provide assistance? Each donor has its own perspective on Political reasons Humanitarian imperative Peace building Stabilization Post conflict reconstruction
How do donors provide assistance? They identify: Key objectives (political and strategic) Which part of mine action (5 pillars) A preference on direct implementation or support through capacity development Where – country/region?
How do donors provide assistance? Where possible donors develop a strategy Each donor strategy reflects its own perspectives The UN developed 2013 – 2016 mine action strategy supported by a policy
DFID Programme Strategy on Mine Action: “Creating a safer environment: Clearing landmines and other explosive remnants of war” Focus Building countries’ own demining capacity Maximizing impact of demining on the socio- economic development of targeted populations.
AusAID Mine Action Strategy Goal: Reduce the threat and socioeconomic impact of landmines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war, with priority on most heavily affected countries in the Asia-Pacific region Objectives Improve quality of life for victims and their affected families and communities. Reduce number of deaths and injuries. Enhance capacity of countries to manage their mine action programs. Exercise effective leadership and advocacy on mine action.
US Humanitarian Mine Action Program, Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement. US Department of State Goal: Relieve human suffering and develop an indigenous mine action capability while promoting U.S. interests. Focus Curb the illicit trafficking, availability and indiscriminate use of conventional weapons of war that fuel regional and internal instability Pursue and help manage post-conflict cleanup of such weapons in areas needed for civilian use; Engage civil society to broaden support for our efforts and enhance U.S. influence.
How do donors provide assistance? They identify: Partners / implementers / contractors Preference on how to fund How to manage the funding Indicators / milestones / measures of success and reporting End states and exit strateggies
How to provide assistance? They identify: Parameters of value for money Ways of harmonisation with – National Governments – Other donors – Multi laterals – NGOs
How do donors identify if their assistance was worthwhile? Measure impact through – Monitoring – Evaluation – Links to development
Conclusion how much?
Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America. And certain international organizations including: United Nations Mine Action Team (UNMAS, UNDP, UNICEF), GICHD Organization of American States, International Trust Fund for Deming and Victims Assistance (ITF).
? Contributions by thematic sector: 2011 Percentage of total contribution Clearance/RE % Victim Assistance % Various % Advocacy % Stockpile destruction 6.9 1% Total %
? Article 6 of the Mine Ban Treaty recognizes the right of each State Party to seek and receive assistance from other States Parties in fulfilling its treaty obligations. The Monitor reports annually on support for mine action by affected countries and on international mine action assistance reported by donor states. In most cases, the Monitor relies on responses to requests for information sent to donors and affected states.