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SB09Q3ss01-MTL Dr. Joseph D’Ambrosio ECS Process, Methods, & Tools GLOBAL RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Systems Engineering of GM’s Global EE / SW Product Line.

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Presentation on theme: "SB09Q3ss01-MTL Dr. Joseph D’Ambrosio ECS Process, Methods, & Tools GLOBAL RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Systems Engineering of GM’s Global EE / SW Product Line."— Presentation transcript:

1 SB09Q3ss01-MTL Dr. Joseph D’Ambrosio ECS Process, Methods, & Tools GLOBAL RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Systems Engineering of GM’s Global EE / SW Product Line

2  Introduction  Embedded Systems Development at GM  Product Line Engineering  Additional Topics Outline

3  Automotive Industry 25+ years –GM, Delphi –Research, Advance Development, Product Development –Model-Based Sys. & SW Development, Safety-Critical Systems, Cyber Security, By-Wire Systems, Vehicle Control Systems, VLSI Design & Tools, Testing –ISO Technical Expert – ISO Automotive Functional Safety Standard  PhD University of Michigan – EE Design Methods / Optimization  50+ publications, 7 patents About Me – Dr. Joseph D’Ambrosio

4 Warren, MI SHANGHAI, CHINA PALO ALTO, CAHERZLIYA, ISRAEL

5 There Has Never Been A Better Time To Be An AUTOMOTIVE EMBEDDED SYSTEM ENGINEER BIG THINGS ARE COMING… AND WE HAVE A FRONT ROW SEAT!

6 Powered Mechanically by Internal Combustion Engine ControlledMechanically Energized by Petroleum Stand-alone Powered Electrically by Electric Motors ControlledElectronically Energized by Biofuels, Electricity, and Hydrogen “Connected” Totally Dependence on the Driver Semi/Full Autonomous Driving Vehicle Sized for Max Use – People and Cargo Vehicle Tailored to Specific Use

7 CADILLAC DRIVER ASSISTANCE / ACTIVE SAFETY Package 2 – “Driver Assist Package” Package 1 plus:  Full Speed-Range ACC (Stop w/Go Notifier)  Auto Collision Preparation (includes Collision Imminent Braking)  Low-Speed Front/Rear Automatic Braking (Emergency Braking to Avoid Contact) Cadillac ATS Cadillac XTS Cadillac SRX Package 1 – “Driver Awareness Package”  Lane Departure Warning  Forward Collision Alert  Side Blind-Zone Alert  Rear Cross-Traffic Alert  Haptic Safety Alert Seat Feedback Also includes:  Rear Vision Camera  Front & Rear Park Assist Cadillac ATS Cadillac XTS Cadillac SRX Front Camera Rear Camera Ultrasonic Sensors Short Range Radars Safety Alert Seat Short Range Radar Long/Mid Range Radar Short Range Radars Front Camera Ultrasonic Sensors Short Range Radars Rear Camera 7 7

8 + “Warning” “Warning” Improving Safety with V2V/V2X COMMUNICATIONS

9 AUTONOMOUS DRIVING Rear Vision System – Object detection – Far IR Capability Short- Range Sensors Long-Range Scanning Sensor Forward Vision System – Lane tracking – Object detection – Far IR Capability Short- Range Sensors Long- Range Sensors Enhanced Digital Map System Ultrasonic Sensors Ultrasonic Sensors Dedicated Short-Range Communication + GPS (V2V) Forward Vision System

10 EN-V VIDEO

11  Introduction  Embedded Systems Development at GM  Product Line Engineering  Additional Topics Outline

12 OUR CONTRIBUTION…

13 History of GM Automotive Computing First Embedded Controllers 1977 – First GM production automotive microcontroller Electronic spark timing 1981 – All GM North American vehicles use microcontroller- based engine controls 3.9M vehicles total, 22K ECMs per day manufacturing rate 50,000 lines of assembly code, MC6800 – 8-bit 2 Mhz, Comparison against PC industry Today microcontrollers per vehicle 400K Lines of C Code for an engine control application 64Mb flash file system for infotainment application PC Sales (in 1000s)

14 LDAA#ACPRESUR JSRADCON STAA ACPRES BRCLR INPUTS,IACREQ,ACPR050 BRESET DIAGMW3,M66DET,ACPR050 BRCLR INPUTS,INOAC,ACPR060 ACPR050 BCLR TBIMW,ACPRESHI JMP IMNRO GM Embedded Software History Model-based Development DEFINITION MODULE Buffer; VAR nonempty, nonfull:BOOLEAN; PROCEDURE put (x:INTEGER); PROCEDURE get (VAR x:INTEGER); END Buffer. IMPLEMENTATION MODULE Buffer; CONST N=num_lines; VAR in, out: [0..N-1]; n: [0..N]; PROCEDURE put (x:INTEGER); BEGIN IF n

15 Classes of Embedded Systems Deeply Embedded Real Time, Possibly Safety Critical Examples: Electronic Power Steering, Electronic Brake Controls, Powertrain, Active safety Development Tools: Simulink/Stateflow Future SW Architecture: AUTOSAR Moderately Embedded Loosely Real Time Example: Body Control, Instrument Panel, Heating/Cooling Development Tools: e.g., Rhapsody Future SW Architecture: AUTOSAR Lightly Embedded Non Real Time, but may include data streaming; Security is important Example: Infotainment Systems Future SW Architecture: e.g., QNX/Linux, ANDROID, …

16 Classes of Embedded Systems Closed-Loop Control Systems Based upon control system theory (e.g., PID control) Examples: Steering systems, braking systems, propulsion systems GM Tools: Simulink/Stateflow State-Based Systems Based upon state transition diagrams Example: Body control GM Tools: Rhapsody

17 Classes of Embedded Systems Non Safety Critical – no potential to cause harm Detect fault, save diagnostic trouble code, possibly alert driver Tools: DFMEA, Requirements-Based Testing, … Safety Critical – potential to cause harm; timing properties are important Fail Safe – detect fault, shut down within required fault response time, warn driver Fail Operational – detect fault, continue to operate, possibly in a degraded mode, warn driver Tools: Preliminary Hazard Analysis, Safety Concept, DFMEA, Fault Tree Analysis, Requirements Analysis, … Safety Case

18  Algorithms: Simulink / Stateflow, Rhapsody  Plant modeling: Simulink, Saber, GT Power, AmeSim, CarSim, …  Non Functional System Properties –Timing / Utilization: SymtaS  Electrical: Design Architect, Siemens NX  DOORS, Gears, Rhapsody, RTC, Synergy Model-Based Development Environment

19  Introduction  Embedded Systems Development at GM  Product Line Engineering  Additional Topics Outline

20 20 General Motors Electrical, Controls and Software  GM has one of the most complex systems and software product line engineering challenges in the world –3000 contributing engineers –300 hierarchical subsystems –Thousands of variant features –Millions of product instances per year –Tens-of-thousands of unique product variants –Dramatic increase in variation due to new propulsion systems and active safety –Global diversity in legislative regulations –Extreme economic and competitive pressures –Product line and feature set evolves annually –15 concurrent development streams 20

21 System Design Motivation 21

22 GM Enables massive Reuse through Software Product Lines  A Product Line is a set of systems sharing a common, managed set of features that are developed from a common set of core assets in a prescribed way  Why Product Line over Products for GM Embedded Software? –As much as an 85% reduction in effort for a second (third, fourth, etc.) application –As much as a 70% reduction in field claims overall

23 Macro Engineering Method A System of Systems of Systems Standardized Set of Deployments Each Deployment Applied to Multiple Vehicles Best Fit Selection Change dialog to expand product line to fill gaps 23

24 Vehicle Control System Development 24 ACC LDW LXC CTD KLE VRP EngCyc IMC DFI ACC-v1 LDW-v1 ACC-v1 LXC- v1 ACC-v1 CTD- v1 ACC-v1 KLEC-v1 ACC-v1 VRP- v1 ACC-v1 EngC-v1 ACC-v1 IMC-v1 ACC-v1 DFI-v1 ACC- v1 LXC- v3 KLEC-v2 VRP- v2 EngC-v1 DFI-v5 ACC- v3 LXC- v3 KLEC-v5 VRP- v1 EngC-v1 DFI-v3 Chevrolet Buick CTD- v1

25 Controller Assembly Requirements SW Components Vehicle Decreasing level of abstraction Increasing level of integration Software Product Line - Single Vehicle View Subsystems – Chassis Engine, etc.

26 Controllers 1-n Assembly Requirements SW Component Vehicles Software Product Line - Single Component View Decreasing level of abstraction Increasing level of integration

27 Represents all builds in the Product Line Represents all components in the Product Line Represent all vehicles supported by the Product Line Software Product Line - Components X Vehicles

28  Introduction  Embedded Systems Development at GM  Product Line Engineering  Additional Topics Outline

29 Additional Topics AUTOSAR Multicore systems Cyber Physical System Virtual Development Multi Domain Models System Optimization Safety-Critical Systems SysML, AADL, East ADL, SystemC AUTOSAR Multicore systems Cyber Physical System Virtual Development Multi Domain Models System Optimization Safety-Critical Systems SysML, AADL, East ADL, SystemC

30 Thank You!


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