Presentation on theme: "Dark Ages to Geometric Period Dark Ages (Architectural Term) = Protogeometric Period ( Pottery Term) 1100 - 900 BCE Geometric Period (Architecture, Sculpture,"— Presentation transcript:
Dark Ages to Geometric Period Dark Ages (Architectural Term) = Protogeometric Period ( Pottery Term) 1100 - 900 BCE Geometric Period (Architecture, Sculpture, and Pottery) 900 - 700 BCE
End of the Mycenaean World Literary tradition from Homer and other ancient epics. Destruction of Troy at the hands of a contingency of Mycenaean warriors. Destruction of Troy. Which Troy is the Troy of the Trojan war? Troy VI? Troy VIIA? Destruction of the mainland palaces (Mycenae, Tiryns, Athens, Gla, Pylos, Thebes, Orchomenos) are all under different circumstances.
Theories for Destruction The Dorian Invasions (Return of the Herakleidae or Internal Revolt?) The Raids of the Sea Peoples Intercity Warfare Drought, Famine, Earthquakes, and Other Natural Disasters.
Dark Age Sites Karphi, Crete* Kavousi, Crete Lefkandi, Euboea* Nichoria, Messenia Oval House, Smyrna*
Karphi Middle Bronze Age to Geometric Unwalled settlement 150 adjoining rooms Great House
Lefkandi - The Heroon Heroon - 10th century Cemetery - 9th century Apsidal (50 m by 10 m) Burial of man, woman, horses
Apollo Daphnephoros Four phases of the temple. Apsidal hut. Second structure with apsidal walls. Hekatompedon (100 footer). Geometric Daphnephorion All geometric structures leveled at the end of the 8th c. BCE. Early Archaic hekatompedon (670 - 655 BCE)
Geometric Pottery Early - increased geometric patterns. Meanders become more and more prominent. Use as tomb markers in Athens. Very fine clay and fast wheel. Athens at forefront of Geometric pottery production.
Agora “Rich Lady” Burial Belly amphora - female. Granary - symbol of status or wealth? Cremation. 9th c BCE.
Agora Male Burial Cremation Neck amphora Sword around amphora Horse pyxis - symbol of wealth?