Presentation on theme: "Timetable of Early Greek History Sketch of Early Greece and the Aegean Stone Age Paleolithic Period (before 70,000 B. C.) Neolithic Period (ca. 6000-3000."— Presentation transcript:
Timetable of Early Greek History Sketch of Early Greece and the Aegean Stone Age Paleolithic Period (before 70,000 B. C.) Neolithic Period (ca. 6000-3000 B. C.) Early Bronze Age (3000-2000 B. C.) Early Minoan Early Cycladic Early Helladic Middle Bronze Age (2000-1600 B. C.) Middle Minoan Middle Cycladic Middle Helladic Late Bronze Age (1600-1100 B. C.) Late Minoan Late Cycladic Late Helladic (Mycenaean)
Explanation on geographical terms Bronze Age the term based on time Geographical areas where major civilizations have been found: -Minoan (for Crete) -Cycladic (for the islands) Helladic or Mycenaean (for late Helladic) for mainland Greece
Minoan Civilization, flourishes in Crete 2500-1500BC Mycenaean Age 1600-1200 B.C. c 1450 Minoan civilization in Crete destroyed. Trojan War occurs c. 1250
Knossos, Crete. Painted ca. 1500 B.C., fragments of this fresco were discovered and the fresco was restored by Sir Arthur Evans in the Palace of Minos at Knossos on the island of Crete during the early years of the 20th century
Mycenaean Called like that by the city of Mycenae After 1400 BC, Cretan (Minoan civilization) eclipsed (possibly a natural disaster, earthquake, archeology reveals signs of destruction). Some scholars attribute downfall of Crete to a Mycenaean invasion. Heinrich Schliemann was the first to excavate Mycenae (1876)> link between traditional myths as narrated in Homeric poems and actual places named in the poems like Mycenae.
Dark Ages, the “Mediaeval” times of antiquity begins c. 1200 until 800 B.C. ARCHAIC period begins c. 800 BC Olympic games instituted in 776 BC HOMER AND HESIOD
Early vase painting Black-figured technique "The Francois Vase “signed" by Ergotimos (potter) and Kleitias (painter) is an Attic Black-figure Krater from Chiusi, c.575 bce and 26" height. Museo Archaeologico, Florence Was broken to 638 pieces by a museum guard in 1900 and restored.
CLASSICAL GREECE Lyric Poetry: Poetry that was performed with the accompaniment of some type of music, often danced. Alone or in group, the person in a social context always. Historically the classical period begins with the Persian Wars 480
Early Greek Poetry (=Archaic Poetry) EPIC LYRIC
EPIC POETS Tradition of HOMER HOMERIC TRADITION ILIADODYSSEY HOMERIC HYMNS
TRADITION OF HESIOD HESIOD THEOGONY WORKS AND DAYS Pseudo-hesiodic SHIELD
Classical Poetry DRAMA TRAGEDYCOMEDY Satyric Drama
Drama (Tragedy-Comedy-Satyr Play) CLASSICAL GENRE 5 th and 4 th c. BCE TRAGEDY AESCHYLUS 525-456 BC SOPHOCLES 496-406 EURIPIDES 484-420
So, when do our sources date? Archaic Greece (8 th -6 th century BC) Classical Greece (5 th -4 th ) Hellenistic (3 rd -2 nd ) Roman Period (2 nd BC -3 rd century AD)
From the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY, Calyx-krater, ca. 515 B.C.; red-figure Greek, Attic Signed by Euxitheos as potter; signed by Euphronios as painter Terracotta; H. 18 in. (45.69 cm) Obverse: body of Sarpedon lifted by Sleep and Death