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Weapons, tactics, and strategy of the First World War War of stalemate and attrition.

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Presentation on theme: "Weapons, tactics, and strategy of the First World War War of stalemate and attrition."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Weapons, tactics, and strategy of the First World War War of stalemate and attrition

3 SMALL ARMS The perfection of the pistol, rifle, and machine gun.

4 Gatling Gun

5 Maxim Machine Gun

6 Machine Gun

7 British Enfield Rifle

8 Thomson Machine Gun (Trench Sweeper)

9 Artillery Artillery accounted for nearly 70% of all casualties in World War I.

10 French Artillery

11 “Long Max” 38 cm (380mm) Used in the Battle of Verdun (1916)

12 The impact of German shells on an armored building

13 Howitzer

14 Two 280 mm Japanese siege guns (1904) Howitzers

15 Life in the Trenches

16 Trench Warfare Trench: a depression in the ground Trench Warfare: a style of fighting in which the enemies occupy opposing trenches, which require artillery in order defeat the enemy No Man’s Land: tract of land between opposing trench lines

17 Cross section of a British trench

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20 No Man’s land

21 Infantry attack

22 Dead in No Man’s Land

23 Trench on a dry day

24 Firing from a German Trench

25 French Concrete Bunker – Under the Trenches

26 Barbed Wire Placed outside the trenches to slow attacks Belts 1.8 meters high and 3-6 meters thick

27 Complex Trench Systems

28 Trenches on the Somme (1916) A far cry from the tidy illustrations in the field engineering manuals

29 Poison Gas blinded or choked its victims caused serious burns could be fatal Because this was a new development in weapons technology, soldiers were not equipped with gas masks right away an uncertain weapon: winds could blow it back on the soldiers who launched it

30 Poison Gas

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32 Victims of War

33 War Is HELL !!

34 Keep Your Feet Dry, Clean, and Warm

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36 Sacrifices in War

37 World War I Casualties

38 Air Power Nations’ air forces were primarily used for reconnaissance. Airplanes would not play a major role in aiding ground movement until the Second World War.

39 British DH4

40 German Fokker

41 Flying Coffins Planes were so dangerous to fly that they received the nickname “Flying coffins.”

42 Zeppelin

43 New Weapons World War one spawned the introduction of the tank. This weapon along with the airplane would break the defensive stalemate.

44 British Tank

45 British Tank crossing a trench in the battle of Cambrai, November 1917.

46 Sea Power World War One would be the age of the Battleship. It would also be the introduction of the submarine. Besides the Germans attempt to “blockade” Britain with the submarine, the most crucial battles took place on land.

47 Unterseeboot German submarines a.k.a. U-Boats

48 U-Boats

49 Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats

50 Dreadnought The Dreadnought was introduced by the British in This new ship with its 11” guns and a range of nearly 20,000 yards made all previous ships obsolete.

51 US Dreadnought

52 British Submarine

53 The Alliance system

54 European Colonialism ca.1900

55 Legend

56 Germany 1914

57 Europe 1914

58 Europe during World War One

59 Europe World War One

60 European Alliances 1914

61 Strategy and Tactics

62 Germany at War 1914

63 First Battle of the Marne

64 1 st Battle of the Marne The German attempt to take Paris and surround French troops failed. British troops from the North and French troops from North Africa turned the tide.

65 French Plan XVII The French plan to attack Germany also proved to be a failure.

66 Stalemate warfare Because of the use of the machine gun and rapid fire artillery, movement on the battlefield became nearly impossible. The war quickly bogged down into a stalemate on all fronts.

67 Eastern Front

68 Western Front

69 The Gallipoli Campaign 1915 The British attempt to reopen the Straits ultimately proved a failure.

70 Battle of Verdun 1916 Germans and the French bleed each other white as the Germans attempt to take the fortifications at Verdun.

71 Verdun 1916 Nivelle’s use of the creeping barrage kept the Germans at bay as they tried to take the fortifications

72 Battle of the Somme 1916 This British attempt to break the German lines failed. The attackers never made it more than 10 kilometers. British lost over 490,000; French 250,000 and Germans 600,000 men.

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74 Defense in Depth German defensive system devised by Ludendorff in Machine gun nests and artillery held off the enemy in the front while major reserves were concentrated in the rear, away from enemy artillery.

75 Battle of Ypres

76 Western Front 1918

77 Europe: Post World War One 1919

78 Europe Post World War One The Treaty of Versailles left Germany in tact but took territory from the East as well as Alsace Lorraine. The Treaties of St. Germain and Trianon dismembered the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

79 Ottman Empire: Post World War One The Treaty of Severes dismembered the Ottoman Empire. Turkey never signed it.


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