2Dialogue and Narration Dialogue = when characters speak.Narration = when the narrator speaks.Quotation marks separate narration from dialogue.Example“Help,” my cousin Jack said.2
3Identifying Narrative Perspective It's about the narrator(who tells the story)We're not looking at dialogue.We don't care what characters say.Only the narrator's voice matters.
4Perspectives and Signal Words Pronoun CaseWe are trying to figure out the narrator'sview point on the story.Perspectives and Signal WordsFirst-Person I, me, my, mine, we, us, ours,Second-Person you, your, yoursThird-Person he, she, her, they, them(also character's names)
5Examples of Pronouns and Point of View: I am in the roomI = 1st PersonYou come in the room.You = 2nd PersonThen he or she came in the room.He or She = 3rd Person
6First-PersonNarrator is a part of the story (character).Often uses I or we.ExampleI went home. Tim came over.I couldn't play.
7Second-PersonUsually for instructionsUses: “ You;” from your perspective.Example:First, gather your materials. Add 1 cup sugarto flour.Can be a fiction style: “You walk to the door and open it. You see that it’s empty. So you …”
8Third-PersonNarrator usually isn’t involved.Tells other's stories.Lots of , “He, She,It & character names.Three Types of Third-Person NarrationTest: Does the narrator tellThoughts and Feelings of Characters?And…if so, how many characters?
9Third-Person Omniscient Narrator is all knowing.Narrator tells thoughts and feelings ofmore than one character.Omni = AllScient = KnowingExample:Tim was mad at Shay. He blamed her.Shay knew Tim would be mad, but shewanted to live her life.
10Third-Person LimitedNarrator is limited to one character.Tells thoughts & feelings of one characterExample:Tim was mad at Shay. He blamed her.Shay just left without saying anything.She left a note and then left him.
11Third-Person Objective Narrator does not reveal any character’sthoughts or feelings.Only character’s dialogue and actionsare narrated.Example:Tim slammed the door. He walkedupstairs & read a note from Shay. Hekicked her trash can & started crying.
12Tips on IdentifyingCheck 1st or 2nd-personbefore worryingabout objective, limited, or omniscient.Ask, Whose story is the narrator telling:his, mine, or someone else’s?Focus on narration not dialogue.
13Practice1. Read the following passages.2. Determine the narrator’s perspective.3. Write down your answer.
14Practice 1When I was four months old, mymother died suddenly and my father wasleft to look after me all by himself I hadno brothers or sisters. So throughboyhood, from the age of four monthsonward, there was just us two, my fatherand me. We lived in an old gypsy caravanbehind a filling station
163Foresight in RelationshipsThe previous night, make your plans forthe next day and write them down If youattend an exclusive Samurais’ party and feeltimid, you cannot do your part in making it asuccessful party. You had first betterprepare by convincing yourself that you willhave a grand time. And you should feelgrateful for the invitation.
18coming from the one marked "DUM." They were standing under a tree, eachwith an arm round the other's neck, andAlice knew which was which in a moment,because one of them had "DUM"embroidered on his collar, and the other"DEE." "I suppose they've each got"TWEEDLE" round at the back of the collar,"she said to herself. They stood so still thatshe quite forgot they were alive, and shewas just looking round to see if the word"TWEEDLE" was written at the back of eachcollar, when she was startled by a voicecoming from the one marked "DUM."