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United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July 2010 1 2008 Farm Bill: Section.

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Presentation on theme: "United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July 2010 1 2008 Farm Bill: Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Farm Bill: Section Plant Pest and Disease Management and Disaster Prevention July 2010 Dr. Matt Royer Emergency and Domestic Programs Section 10201

2 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 Sec Secretary is to make available Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) funds for early detection and rapid response of pest threats. The 5-year Farm Bill specifies that these funds are to be made available incrementally, starting with $12 million in FY09, $45 million in FY10, and $50 million in FY11 and thereafter. Section Requirements

3 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July In consultation with the National Plant Board and other interested parties, to enter into a cooperative agreement with each State department of agriculture … The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 Sec Section Requirements

4 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July To establish a threat identification and mitigation program to determine and address threats to the domestic production of crops. The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 Sec Section Requirements

5 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Develop risk assessments of the potential threat to the agricultural industry of the United States from foreign sources, collaborate with the NPB, and implement action plans for high consequence plant pests and diseases. The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 Sec Section Requirements

6 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July To provide funds and technical assistance … for audit-based certification systems and nursery plant pest risk management systems, in collaboration with the nursery industry, research institutions, and other entities to address plant pests. The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 Sec Section Requirements

7 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July FY09$12M 63 projects/procurements 21 states and other cooperators

8 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July FY10$45M 280 projects/procurements over 50 external parties Adjustments are made as workplans and cooperative agreements are developed

9 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July FY 2011: New process Participation: NPB Specialty Crops Farm Bill Alliance US Forest Service National Institute of Food & Agriculture Agricultural Research Service ~43 people (24 non-APHIS) Suggestion format shortened to 2 pages.

10 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Select Only One Goal for the Suggestion: 1.Enhance analysis and survey 2.Target domestic inspection activities 3.Pest identification & technology enhancement 4.Safeguarding nursery production 5.Outreach and education 6.Enhance mitigation capabilities

11 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Not a competitive grant program. Suggestion is not confidential. APHIS must retain flexibility to administer Section Suggestions are a major part, but not the only input used to prepare a spending plan.

12 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Evaluation Process Primary/secondary review –In-depth analysis –Consult subject matter experts –Rate the suggestion –Document strengths and weaknesses (for feedback) –Fairly discuss the suggestion with other reviewers

13 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Evaluation Criteria Criteria 1: Alignment with Section Criteria 2: Impact Criteria 3: Technical approach

14 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Suggestion open period May 3 - June Suggestions received

15 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July July 13-15, 2010 Meeting 27 reviewers prepared a draft FY11 project slate Suggestions were randomly assigned to primary and secondary reviewers, assuring there was no conflict of interest, prior to the meeting. Additional assignments were made at the meeting for reviews not completed beforehand. The primary reviewer was tasked with documenting evaluations.

16 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July rounds of evaluation Individual reviewers Panels broken out into Goal areas Discussion in the large assembly of 27 reviewers Many suggestions had merit; but the amount of funding available ($50 million minus ~10% program support costs) limit what can be funded. Some suggestions were moved to different goals for a better fit than the one indicated on the suggestion form.

17 GoalSugg.$ RequestRenew Multi- Year $ to Fund?$ Target ,068, ,455,27014,000, ,049,669357,856,3108,000, ,641, ,993,0005,000, ,410, ,698,3193,000, ,460, ,867,5003,000, ,714,798906,737,62317,000,000 SUM539118,345, ,608,02250,000,000

18 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July GOAL 1: Enhance plant pest/disease analysis and survey Multi-state surveys were emphasized with targeted pests, e.g. Pollinators (Honey bees) Asian Defoliators Grapes/Lobesia botrana Tomato/Tuta absoluta Phytophthora. ramorum 1000 Cankers/Walnut Twig Beetle Plum Pox Virus Misc Surveys Pathway and risk-based analysis suggestions were supported

19 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July GOAL 2: Target domestic inspection activities at vulnerable points in the safeguarding continuum Detector Dogs Inspection of facilities that receive imported cargo moving inland.

20 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July GOAL 3. Enhance and strengthen pest identification and technology Broad taxa were addressed Several suggestions were grouped by similarity: Fruit flies Wood borers and bark beetles Web-based multimedia pest identification tools Regional taxonomic support

21 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July GOAL 4 – Safeguarding Nursery Production Emphasis on projects harmonizing certification standards and on pilot projects to implement those standards. Control and management practices for Phytophthora ramorum at the National Ornamentals Research Site, Dominican University of California Projects forming a broad-based initiative supporting the development, validation, and implementation of audit- based systems for safeguarding nursery production Initiatives to develop and pilot harmonized nursery stock certification programs for economically important and high-risk specialty crops, including fruit trees, blueberries, and strawberries

22 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July GOAL 5: Conduct outreach and education to increase public understanding, acceptance, and support of plant pest and disease eradication and control efforts Many suggestions were commodity or pest specific. 63 of 115 suggestions were either related to the movement of firewood or about citizen volunteer surveys. Suggestions that were regional/national in scope, or were adaptable to other states received high consideration, e.g. Forest Pest Outreach and Survey Citizen Volunteer Pest Survey Don't Move Firewood Training Outreach

23 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July GOAL 6: Enhance mitigation capabilities The Team prioritized suggestions that: Addressed emerging or relatively new pests Were short term responses rather than long term management strategies Had goals of eradication and containment rather than management

24 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July In instances where funds will be spent directly by APHIS, it will ultimately benefit the states: Procuring traps and lures Rapid Response assistance Developing new technologies for early detection and effective response Training personnel and dog teams Other endeavors that can most effectively be accomplished at a national level

25 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Next Steps Seek Department approval APHIS will contact many of the parties who submitted suggestions to request clarification and facilitate collaboration between similar suggestions that may benefit from broader cooperation and coordination.

26 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July APHIS will work with states and other potential cooperators to fund additional projects and activities, based upon the evolving pest situation. Release the FY11 spending plan as far in advance of October 1, 2010 as is possible. APHIS may not approach a cooperator to initiate the cooperative agreement or procurement process until October 1.

27 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July APHIS Website

28 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July Group Address (PPQ.Section.Farmbill-

29 United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine July River Road Riverdale, MD 20737


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