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Aerodrome Certification Workshop Trinidad 13 – 16 May, 2002 Canada’s Approach to Aerodrome Certification Peggy Wilson, Chief Aerodrome Standards Transport.

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Presentation on theme: "Aerodrome Certification Workshop Trinidad 13 – 16 May, 2002 Canada’s Approach to Aerodrome Certification Peggy Wilson, Chief Aerodrome Standards Transport."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aerodrome Certification Workshop Trinidad 13 – 16 May, 2002 Canada’s Approach to Aerodrome Certification Peggy Wilson, Chief Aerodrome Standards Transport Canada, Ottawa, Canada

2 Today’s Discussion Regulatory Authority Organization Staff ; Qualifications; and Training Certified Airports and Canada’s Regulations Aerodrome Certification Procedures –Airport Operations Manuals –Inspections, Audits and Checklists –Safety Management Systems Exemptions and Risk Assessments

3 Regulatory Authority Organization Headquarters in Ottawa –Minister of Transport - Deputy Minister - Assistant Deputy Minister –Director General Civil Aviation –Director Aerodrome Safety –Chiefs of Aerodrome Standards Programs and Audits Wildlife Engineering Noise and Environment –Inspectors and Engineers

4 Regulatory Authority Organization (cont’d) Headquarters –Has Functional Authority over the Regions - not Line Authority –Sets Policy –Develops Regulations; Provides Regulatory Interpretation –Researches new technology –Responsible for Inspection Program –Conducts National Audits –ICAO Responsibilities –CARAC Responsibilities Regions – Inspectors, no Engineers –Five Regions spread out across the country –Carries out Inspection Program –Identifies Interpretation Difficulties

5 Staff and Qualifications Delegations of Authority to Inspect –Civil Aviation Inspectors Airline Transport Pilot License Project, Management or Other Airport Experience –Technical Inspectors Specific Airport Experience or Specialty –Airport Management –Airport Fire Chief –Human & Organizational Factors, Safety Management Systems Specialists that Support the Inspection Program – Engineers –Wildlife Specialist –Noise and Zoning Specialist

6 Requisite Employee Training Phase I – Develop core, business & job specific Competencies Phase II –To enhance and fully master Competencies Phase III –For ongoing maintenance of all Competencies Phase IV –Necessary for Career Development

7 Training Programs Basic Aviation Enforcement Communications Skills Introduction to Risk Management Transport Canada Orientation Aerodrome Specialty Course Formal “On The Job” Training Program Initial Audit Procedures Project Management Course Human and Organizational Factors Training Flight Training – Currency for those with ATPL

8 Canada’s Certified Airports Land Airports379 –Included International and “Far North” Heliports253 –Includes Hospital and Rooftop Water Airports 18 Ice Airports (Better known in the summer as “water”) 2 TOTAL 652

9 Aerodrome Regulations Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) Part III Regulations, Standards & Advisory Material –Standards (TP312) mirror Annex 14 with additions Wildlife; Winter Maintenance; Construction; Airside Access and Vehicle Control –Separate Regulations for Fire Fighting Meets or Exceeds Annex 14 requirements –Airport Security is regulated by different Directorate

10 Present Canadian Regulations Airports Eligible for Certification –Receive scheduled passenger carrying aircraft –Are in a built-up area; or –In the Public Interest Incorporates “Standards” by reference

11 Future Canadian Regulations New Applicability of Airport Certification Regulations –International Airports –Receiving Commercial Passenger-Carrying Aircraft 10 seats and over –In a Built-up Area –In the Public Interest –Those that Choose to be Certified

12 International Airports These Airports must meet –ICAO Annex 14 –Plus additional Canadian Regulatory requirements –ICAO Annex 9 requirements for Customs and Immigration –CARs Part 303 for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting These airports will be listed in a Schedule to the Regulation and submitted to ICAO for inclusion as an International Airport

13 Commercial Passenger-Carrying These Airports must meet standards –Appropriate to the size of aircraft it serves or larger –Safety Management System –Based on the number of annual movements –Applicable to the regulated level of fire-fighting at the site

14 Other Certified Airports Built-Up; Public Interest; and Operator Choice –Must meet standards appropriate to the Location Situation Traffic needs –Safety Management System

15 Built-Up & Public Interest Neither term has any fixed meaning in Canadian law For Built-Up – we use a matrix For Public Interest –The simple private interests of the aerodrome are not, in themselves, sufficient to meet this test –All potentially affected stakeholders input must be addressed –Must include all economic and environmental impacts –Transport Canada review and concurrence required

16 Heliports and Water Airports Canada has separate Regulations and Standards for the Certification of –Heliports; and –Water Airports These primarily relate to “Built-Up and “Public Interest” situations

17 Certification Procedures Airport Certificate issued where: –Airport Operations Manual accurately describes the physical specifications of the aerodrome; –Airport Operations Manual is approved where the physical specifications outlined in the AOM conforms to the requirements in the Standards (TP312); –Inspection on-site to determine that the Airport actually meets the standards; or –Exemption considerations, based on an Aeronautical Study

18 Airport Operations Manuals The Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) Part III specify that the AOM –Accurately describes the physical specifications of the aerodrome; –The physical specifications must conforms to the requirements in the Standards (TP312) (Annex 14); –Contain the required approved “Plans”; –Contain signed Agreements & MOUs

19 Airport Operations Manuals (cont’d) An electronic version of the new Draft “Suggested Format for an AOM” is provided Consists of Four Parts –Part I - Administrative Information –Part II - Airport Specifications –Part III - Airside Services –Part IV - Airside Operational Plans and Procedures

20 Operational Plans Performance Based Examples: –Emergency Response Planning –Wildlife Management and Control Planning –Winter Maintenance and Planning –Airside Access and Vehicle Control Planning

21 Safety Management Systems References: ICAO –Annex 14; and – Manual on Certification of Aerodromes Introduction to Safety Management Systems Safety Management Systems for Flight Operations & Aircraft Maintenance Organizations

22 International Civil Aviation Authority (ICAO) Annex 14 “1.3 Certification of Aerodromes As of 20 November 2005, a certified aerodrome shall have in operation a safety management system.” Manual on Certification of Aerodromes Essential features of an aerodrome safety management system

23 What is a Safety Management System? Most Definitions highlight the following: A business approach to safety A systematic, explicit and comprehensive process for managing risks Provides for goal setting, planning and measuring performance Concerns with organizational safety rather than the conventional health and safety at work concerns Woven into the fabric of an organization Part of the Culture

24 Key Features of SMS Senior Management Commitment Safety Policy Safety Information Establishing Safety as a Core Value Hazard Identification and Risk Management

25 Key Features of SMS (cont’d) Establishing a Safety Reporting System Safety Audit/Assessment Accident & Incident Reporting and Investigation Safety Orientation and Recurrent Training Emergency Response Plan Documentation

26 Canada’s Objectives for SMS More proactive safety management by aviation professionals Consultative approach to promote and establish a pervasive safety culture Take account of human and organizational factors Non-prescriptive, performance-based approach to safety regulation

27 SMS Initiatives in Canada Safety Management Systems Briefing Campaign Introductory booklet on Safety Management Systems Canadian Aviation Safety Seminar (CASS) Regulations and Standards for Flight Operations and Aircraft Maintenance Organizations Guidance Booklet “ A Guide to Implementation” Aerodrome Safety drafting Regulations and Standards for Airports

28 Evaluation of an Airport SMS Guidance for self evaluation as well as for Inspection evaluation What processes are in place enabling staff to raise safety concerns with senior management. Is there a formal safety policy statement? Current Practices Yes / No Areas for Consideration

29 “The On-Site Inspection” Inspections are conducted to ensure –Initial AOM reflects what’s on-site Site meets the Standards Plans meet the requirements of the site –Annual Ongoing compliance –Follow-up Deficiencies corrected –Other i.e. During construction

30 Inspection Checklists Based on a National Database of Airport Information –Regions input all physical characteristics concerning the airports in their Region –Develop a site specific checklist for each Inspection based on Areas that may have problems Selected elements such as runways or taxiways A sampling of all elements –The produced checklist identifies the standards to be met for the individual site

31 Exemptions from Standards Aeronautics Act –5.9 (2) Exemption by Minister (of Transport) The Minister may, on such terms and conditions as the Minister deems necessary, exempt any person, aircraft, aerodrome, facility or service from the application of any regulation or order made under this Part if in the opinion of the Minister the exemption is in the public interest and is not likely to affect aviation safety.

32 Exemptions May be Granted Pursuant to a Regulation with Criteria –provided within the particular regulation “unless authorized by the Minister” –specific criteria on which it is based Executive Decision Pursuant to 5.9(2) –only in unforeseen circumstances which are unlikely to recur; or the regulation is being amended –5.9(2) states that it must be in the Public Interest; and not affect Aviation Safety

33 Exemptions from Regulations Formal Exemption Process for all of Civil Aviation Civil Aviation Directive No. 1 –Places responsibilities on Airport Operator (or applicant); and Transport Canada Official with Delegation of Authority

34 Exemption Process (Civil Aviation Directive No. 1) Applicant Responsibilities –Make compelling case why it should be granted –Provide supporting arguments for How it’s in the Public Interest How it would not affect aviation safety –Propose conditions that could mitigate risk

35 Exemption Process (Civil Aviation Directive No. 1) Transport Canada Responsibilities Delegated officials who have Ministerial Delegation must exercise their delegated authority carefully and ensure that –the need is justified –all safety implications are fully considered –all applications are treated consistently –national standardization for granting or denying is met by following Civil Aviation Directive No. 1

36 Aeronautical Study (Risk Assessments) Aeronautical Study –In-depth analysis (Risk Assessment) designed to Identify the risks with respect to proposed changes Identify measures to eliminate or reduce those risks –Determine the most appropriate Risk Assessment tool Risk Management & Decision Making in Civil Aviation –Short Risk Management Process –Full Risk Management Process –In-depth Risk Management Process

37 Thank You Peggy Wilson Chief, Aerodrome Standards Aerodrome Safety, Transport Canada Ottawa Canada (613)


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