THE SECOND WORLD WAR WAS A TOTAL WAR Each country involved or affected by World War II: Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Ceylon, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Eire, Northern Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaya, Malta, Manchukuo, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands East Indies, Newfoundland, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Macau, Portuguese Timor, Romania, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tannu Tuva, Thailand, Tonga, Transjordan, Turkey, United Kingdom, Channel Islands, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vichy France, Yemen, Yugoslavia
MAP WITH PARTICIPANTS IN WWII Dark Green: Allies before the attack on Pearl Harbour Light Green: Allied countries that entered the war after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour. Orange: Axis Powers
ECONOMICS Almost every industries adapt to war productions: An industry that was making kettles changed to making helmets. American industry was revitalized by the war, and by 1945 many sectors were oriented to defense production. People in the Soviet Union weren’t able to get food unless they worked some way for the war effort.
FOOD Amount of food was smaller than WWI In order to buy food, coupon was needed, money was not accepted. Even rich people cannot get the food they wanted.
MILITARY New technology and war tactics Blitzkreig or lightning war: shock tactics to paralyze the enemy Motorized vehicles, tanks and air powers were coordinated by radio commutations. New bombs were used called aerial bomb, atomic bomb, minefield(radio beams) Fire was used ex. Spitfire and firebombs Soldiers and civilians were injured, and a lot were dead.
THE ROLE OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN Women were conscripted for jobs especially for technical ones. In 1941 in Britain women aged 20-30 were called up more than ever before. Some women worked 80-90 hours per week on aero plane assembly lines. Many joined armed forces and served overseas. In Japan, children were sent to work in factories.
CASUALTIES 55million People died in total Civilian deaths higher than military personnel People died from starvation, atrocities, and bombing 27 million deaths were Soviet citizens There were refugees because cities and villages were destroyed.