Presentation on theme: "WWII: SETTING THE STAGE. Where are we going: Lesson Overview Game debrief The Basics Causes of War Essential Question for our Unit: Why did WWII."— Presentation transcript:
Where are we going: Lesson Overview Game debrief The Basics Causes of War Essential Question for our Unit: Why did WWII happen? Where should we start? Three Lenses.
Why do wars happen? War defined: Armed conflict between two or more states consisting of over 1000 battlefield deaths. In the 20 th century alone war has resulted in over 230 million casualties Infinite number of theories (for example): Economic systems Political systems High unemployment Military spending Ethnic divisions Environmental catastrophe
Three Levels: Bad Individuals Cause War Bad States Cause War Bad Systems Cause War
The Basics When: September 1, 1939 to September 2, 1945. Began with the invasion of Poland and ended with the surrender of Japan.
Who Allies: Canada, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, United States, China, France, Poland, Australia, India, Yugoslavia, Greece, Netherlands, Belgium, South Africa, New Zealand, Norway, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, Brazil, Denmark, Luxembourg, Cuba, Mexico, Philippines, Mongolia, Iran. Axis: Germany, Japan, Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria
What The most destructive war in human history. Lasting six years and claiming over 63 million lives. 600,000 killed in air raids alone (most of them civilians) 3.4 Million tons of bombs dropped Life expectancy of bomber RAF bomber pilot – 6 weeks. Canada suffered 907 casualties in one day at Dieppe. In 12 years of fighting in Afghanistan Canada suffered 158 casualties. Over 1.1 million Canadian served in WWII (40% of the adult male population) Canada spent over $33B in direct costs during the war ($421B in today’s dollars)
Where Dark Green Allies pre1941 Light Green Allies post 1941 Orange Axis
How WWII revolutionized modern warfare and drove technological innovation. New inventions include: V2 Rocket Penicillin Nuclear Power Radar Synthetic Rubber Jerrycans Hobart’s Funnies
The Big Question: Why did WWII Happen???? If we were looking for causes..... Where would we look? What time period should we look at? What kinds of things might be important to know? What do YOU think???
Lens # 1: Economics The Great Depression GBR/FRA: Suffering through a period of economic transition. GER: Carrying massive debt and facing hyperinflation. CAN/US: Hit hard by the depression. Unemployment reaches 27% in Canada.
Lens # 3: Political Redistribution of military power Redrawn borders and new states. Weak International Institutions Pacifism and non intervention 10 Year rule Statute of Westminster Anti-Semitism
What part of WWII are you most interested in learning more about? Exit Cards