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Technology Transfer Workshop Method Building Essentials Source Parameter Optimization –Extracting the solution ion from the mobile phase Compound Optimization.

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Presentation on theme: "Technology Transfer Workshop Method Building Essentials Source Parameter Optimization –Extracting the solution ion from the mobile phase Compound Optimization."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology Transfer Workshop Method Building Essentials Source Parameter Optimization –Extracting the solution ion from the mobile phase Compound Optimization for MRM –Getting parent ion to the collision cell and smashing it to bits MS optimization for EPI –Producing reproducible full scan MS with lots of detail. Linking MRM with EPI using IDA

2 Technology Transfer Workshop Method Parameters TurboSpray Parameters –The goal is to maximize ion formation based on the liquid matrix. –Set globally in the method. –In multi-compound methods should be generalized Compound Parameters –The goal is two fold 1 st maximize parent ion reaching the collision cell 2 nd Optimize fragmentation –MS experiment determines if generalized and set globally MRM = drug specific EPI = generalized and set globally. MS Parameters –The goal is optimized resolution and sensitivity. –Minimize scan time

3 Technology Transfer Workshop Infusion and FIA Infusion –Syringe pump driven –10 mcL/min –Compounds ~ 5mg/L in H 2 0 mixed with a small amount of 50:50 A:B mobile phase. Flow Injection Analysis –Syringe pump still used –No chromatography –LC mobile phase added at mixing-T on source. Syringe pump +A + B = 200 mcl/min Mobile phase A & B: 0.95 mL/min each Syringe Pump 10 mcl/min.

4 Technology Transfer Workshop TurboSpray Settings Ion Spray Voltage [IS] Nebulizer Gas [GS1] The “hairdryers” –Heater [TEM] –Heater Gas [GS2] Curtain Gas [CUR] Interface Heater [ihe] –On or Off…we leave it on.

5 Technology Transfer Workshop 3200 Qtrap Overview: The Source Curtain Plate CUR GS1 IS TEM &GS2 ihe Orifice Plate Voltage, Temperature & Gas Parameters

6 Technology Transfer Workshop Ion Spray Voltage [IS] Infusion FIA

7 Technology Transfer Workshop Nebulizer Gas [GS1] Increasing the GS1 from 10 to 50 Increases cocaine ion flux ~20% Infusion FIA

8 Technology Transfer Workshop Heater [TEM] TEM= 0 (no heat) TEM= 100 TEM= 200 TEM= 300 TEM= 400 TEM= 500 TEM= 600 TEM= 0 (no heat) TEM= 100 TEM= 200 TEM= Infusion FIA Increasing TEM 0 to 500 Increases cocaine flux >350%

9 Technology Transfer Workshop Heater Gas [GS2] [LC Baseline: GS1 =10, GS2 = 0]

10 Technology Transfer Workshop TurboSpray Parameters The curtain gas [CUR] should be maximized to repel neutrals and droplets without dramatically impacting sensitivity. –The geometry of the 3200 source makes it less important than on older sources. Mobile phase composition and flow affects source parameters –Increasing water content will require higher temperature and gas pressures –Increasing flow rate will require increased temperature and gas pressures. Using FIA reproduces mobile phase conditions at compound elution and can help to maximize sensitivity.

11 Technology Transfer Workshop Compound Optimization Overview Select Mass [M+H] + –Needs to be the exact mass of the most abundant isotope Optimize compound voltages –maximize parent ion abundance –DP,EP, & CEP Optimize compound fragmentation –Select and optimize transition masses –CE Quantitative Optimization –Instrument’s automatic routine

12 Technology Transfer Workshop Compound Optimization Parameters Getting ions to the collision cell –Declustering Potential [DP] –Entrance Potential [EP] –Collision Cell Entrance Potential [CEP] Controlling Fragmentation –Collision Energy [CE] –Collision Gas Setting [CAD] –Collision Cell Exit Potential [CXP] Usually 4V –Collision Energy Spread [CES]

13 Technology Transfer Workshop 3200 Qtrap: Potentials Most potentials are relative to the entrance potential (EP). CEM is the setting for the Cascade Electron Multiplier Q0Q1Q2Q3 EPCEPCXPDP CE CEM

14 Technology Transfer Workshop Declustering Potential “The potential applied to the orifice plate (OR) has the greatest effect on the amount of declustering in the orifice region of the interface.” “The working range of DP is typically 0 to 100 V, although it may be set higher.” Decluster what? –Example clusters include: [M+H 3 O] +, [M+Na] +, [M+H+CH 3 OH] + If set too high DP can actually fragment a compound in the source… BAD for LC/MS/MS.

15 Technology Transfer Workshop Cocaine DP Ramp 5.0 to 100v Infusion (10 mcl/min) FIA 200 mcl/min 50:50 H 2 O: MeOH

16 Technology Transfer Workshop Cocaine DP= 20, 40, 80 DP=20 DP=40DP=80

17 Technology Transfer Workshop Entrance Potential [EP] The EP parameter controls the entrance potential, which guides and focuses the ions through the high-pressure Q0 region. It is typically set at 10 V (for positive ions) or –10 V (for negative ions) and affects the value of all the other instrument voltages.

18 Technology Transfer Workshop Cocaine EP = 1 to 12V FIA Infusion

19 Technology Transfer Workshop Collision Cell Entrance Potential CEP (Collision Cell Entrance Potential) – The CEP parameter controls the collision cell entrance potential, which is the potential difference between Q0 and IQ2. –It focuses ions into Q2 (collision cell). CEP is used in Q1, MS/MS-type, and LIT scans. Generally the most mass dependent.

20 Technology Transfer Workshop Cocaine CEP = 1 to 188V Infusion FIA

21 Technology Transfer Workshop Fragmentation Parameters Controlling Fragmentation –Collision Energy [CE] –Collision Gas Setting [CAD] –Collision Cell Exit Potential [CXP] Usually 4V –Collision Energy Spread [CES]

22 Technology Transfer Workshop Collision Energy (CE) Fragmentation of parent ion is caused by collision with low pressure N 2 in the collision cell. The more energy generally results in greater fragmentation. The energy of that collision is controlled by the Collision Energy (CE) setting. –CE is a voltage difference between the Q0 and Q2 (EP – RO2). –CE can be optimized for each drug. (Quantitative Optimization) –Higher CE results in greater fragmentation of the parent molecule. Consider dextromethorphan…

23 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =10

24 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =20

25 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =30

26 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =40

27 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =50

28 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =60

29 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =70

30 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =80

31 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =90

32 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM: CE =100

33 Technology Transfer Workshop Fragment Ion Selection In MRM screening, generally a single transition is selected for each drug. – For example dextromethorphan 272  128 –The sensitivity of the method is directly proportional to the intensity of the fragment ion. –Attention should also be given to the uniqueness or the transition. How do you select a transition ion to monitor?

34 Technology Transfer Workshop Fragment Ion Selection Quantitative Optimization –Starts with compound optimization DP, EP, & CEP Fragment parent mass at many different collision energies. Pick the four most intense ions –Avoid loss of H 2 O (fragments δm >19 amu of parent) Determine the collision energy that produces the maximum amount of each transition ion.

35 Technology Transfer Workshop DXM : CE =10 to 100 [summed] Optimize These Fragments

36 Technology Transfer Workshop Optimizing 128, 147, 171, FragmentCE Max CE 

37 Technology Transfer Workshop Dwell Time Dwell time is the amount of time (msec) the instrument spends at each transition. Effects sensitivity up to a point. –Increasing the DT >50 msec produces little if any additional sensitivity. –For most drugs DT> 25 has little effect. Also longer dwell times lengthen total MRM scan times.

38 Technology Transfer Workshop Method Building: MRM Optimization of source parameters Optimization of compound parameters –Compound –Fragmentation Selection of drug transitions –Repeated 130 times….. Congratulations You’re Ready to Build an MRM Method!

39 Technology Transfer Workshop MRM Method for DXM Parent [M+H] + Daughter Transition Ion Dwell Time MRM Parameters

40 Technology Transfer Workshop MS Parameters Enhanced Product Ion –Global Parameters –Collision Energy Spread [CES] –Collision Cell Gas Pressure [CAD] –LIT Settings Fill Times LIT Scan Speed Q0 Trapping

41 Technology Transfer Workshop Dextromethorphan EPI Typical EPI output... CE =20 CES = 30 Q0 trap = Off Scan Speed = 1000 Fill time fixed 20ms

42 Technology Transfer Workshop EPI: Global Parameters Source Settings (TEM, GS1 etc…) are set globally and are the same for MRM and EPI. Compound parameters individualized to optimize transition ion formation (MRM) must be set globally for EPI. (DP,EP,CEP,CE,CXP) The goal of EPI optimization is to find the best settings to produce good MS data that is reproducible and library searchable.

43 Technology Transfer Workshop Collision Energy Spread [CES] “The CES parameter controls the spread of collision energies used when filling the LIT. It is used in conjunction with the Collision Energy (CE) parameter.” –“The advantage of using a collision energy spread is that you do not have to optimize the collision energy.” “By specifying the CE and CES parameters, low, medium, and high collision energies are used in a single scan to provide maximum information in the product ion spectra (low and high mass fragments).” We have chosen CE 20:CES 30 (20/30) or (25/30) –Provided the best fragmentation across the widest number of drugs.

44 Technology Transfer Workshop Cocaine CE = 25 CES=30/-30 CES = 30 CES = , 25, 0 0,25,50

45 Technology Transfer Workshop Collision Gas Pressure [CAD] Controls the pressure of the N 2 gas in the collision cell In simplified mode you get three settings: –Variable by instrument Low: 1.9x10 -5 Torr Medium: 2.6x10 -5 Torr High: 3.3x10 -5 Torr Collision with the gas causes fragmentation, but also helps to “cool” fragment ions and focus them into the LIT.

46 Technology Transfer Workshop Collision Gas Pressure [CAD] CAD = High (3.3x10 -5 Torr) CAD = Medium (2.6x10 -5 Torr) CAD = Low (1.9x10 -5 Torr)

47 Technology Transfer Workshop LIT Settings The LIT has four important settings 1.Mass Range Set to cover the range dictated by compounds covered (e.g.50 to 500 amu) 2. Scan Speed Slower Scan Speed give better mass resolution but cost time and sensitivity. Qtrap has three 250, 1000 and 4000 amu/s

48 Technology Transfer Workshop LIT Scan Speed 4000 amu/s1000 amu/s 250 amu/s

49 Technology Transfer Workshop LIT Settings The LIT has four important settings 3.Fill Time –The amount of time the trap remains open to accept ions. –Can be fixed time (e.g. 50 msec) or Dynamic –Dynamic fill time (DFT) –Fill time based on presampling of incoming ion flux –Prevents over or under filling of the LIT. 4.Q0 trapping [on or off] –Like the LIT Q0 can store ions coming in from the source while the LIT is closed. –Can increase sensitivity

50 Technology Transfer Workshop Fixed vs. Dynamic Fill Times Dynamic Fill Time Fixed 20ms Fill Time Q0 OFF Fixed 20ms Fill Time Q0 On

51 Technology Transfer Workshop Building a Qualitative Method Use MRM as the survey method –Each compound setting optimized for sensitivity and specificity Use EPI to generate a full scan mass spectrum with a lot of detail to facilitate positive identification. –Use standard parameters for reproducibility and library searching. Use Information Dependent Acquisition (IDA) to switch between MRM and EPI.

52 Technology Transfer Workshop Information Dependent Acquisition –Allows on-the-fly software switching between MS modes. IDA examines –The results of the MRM cycle to see if any drugs are above the a threshold. IDA determines –IF any drugs will be selected for EPI –Which drugs will be selected IDA switches –The instrument from MRM mode to EPI mode

53 Technology Transfer Workshop IDA Example For Example –Experiment 1: MRM Survey Scan of 100+ drugs –IDA (Decision Maker) When a transition is above a threshold… And is the most intense transition… And is not on an exclusion list… Then trigger a second experiment –Experiment 2: Product Ion Scan Full scan mass spectrum for compound identification.

54 Technology Transfer Workshop IDA: Dynamic Exclusion A software technique to handle coeluting peaks especially when one is much less intense. Threshold Dynamic Exclusion Time Product Ion Scans

55 Technology Transfer Workshop IDA Method Flowchart 130 MRM Transitions Any over 1100 cps? Add to exclusion list for 15 sec. On exclusio n list ? 3 rd EPI? Do EPI YES NO IDA Dynamic Exclusion

56 Technology Transfer Workshop Putting it all together… XIC of oxycodone MRM MRM Triggered EPI Overlay of 130 MRM transitions

57 Technology Transfer Workshop The payoff…Library Matching


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