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#oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition OER Advocacy Workshop Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC.

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Presentation on theme: "#oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition OER Advocacy Workshop Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC."— Presentation transcript:

1 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition OER Advocacy Workshop Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC OER Policy Workshop (#OERPolicyWorks) March 19, 2014 Warsaw, Poland

2 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Agenda 9:30 Overview of Day 9:45 Advocacy Basics 10:00 Overview: Campaign Development 10:15 Breakouts: Campaign Development 11:15 Break 11:30 Share: Campaign Development 12:30 Overview: Campaign Strategy 12:45 Lunch

3 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Agenda 13:45 Breakouts: Campaign Strategy 14:30 Share: Campaign Strategy 15:15 Overview: Campaign Communication 15:30 Breakouts: Campaign Communication 16:15 Share: Campaign Communication 16:45 Evaluation and next steps 17:00 End

4 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Goals Learn an effective model for developing campaigns Begin planning your own policy campaign Exchange ideas and receive feedback with other participants

5 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Deliverables Each country should have a (mostly) complete campaign outline. There are two options: Written on worksheets, which we’ll photocopy before you leave Google doc:

6 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Advocacy Basics

7 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Advocacy To take actions or make arguments to advance (or deter) the passage of a policy, or implementation of a policy.

8 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy “A definite course or method of action selected from among alternatives and in light of given conditions to guide and determine present and future decisions.” (Merriam Webster Dictionary)

9 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy “A definite course or method of action selected from among alternatives and in light of given conditions to guide and determine present and future decisions.” (Merriam Webster Dictionary)

10 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy vs. Program

11 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy vs. Program

12 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy vs. Program

13 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy vs. Program

14 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy Forum The system in which a policy operates — federal/state/local government, institution, corporation, etc.

15 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Decision Makers Entities in charge of making the decision to pass a policy (or how to implement a policy).

16 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Stakeholders Outside entities affected by a policy’s implementation.

17 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Typical OER Stakeholders Students Professors/Teachers Colleges/Universities/Schools Bookstores (for Higher Ed) Publishers

18 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Part 1: Campaign Development

19 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Campaign Development Status Quo Problem Vision Solution Barriers

20 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Status Quo The way things are now.

21 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Defining Status Quo Who selects content? Who purchases content? Where does the funding come from? Do all students have access to content? Is content up to date? Is content locally relevant? Does content support teaching & learning?

22 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Status Quo Who selects content? – Individual professors Who purchases content? – Individual students*** Where does the funding come from – Students themselves, with support from public & private grants and loans Do all students have access to content – No, many skip or delay buying books

23 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Status Quo Is content up to date? – Generally yes, but in some subjects can be 3- 4 years out of date Is content locally relevant? – Generally relevant to Americans, but not always to local areas Does content support teaching & learning? – Generally the quality is good, but the problem is that students can’t afford access

24 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Problem What is wrong with the status quo?

25 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Problem The cost of textbooks has risen rapidly, leaving too many students unable to afford their materials. The result can be lower grades, longer time to graduation, and student debt. Textbook companies can drive up prices because students are a captive market, and professors are not always aware that more affordable options are available. The largest companies are curtailing the benefits of technology by putting heavy restrictions on digital materials and blocking innovators from entering the market.

26 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Vision How would the world look if the problem didn’t exist?

27 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Vision Technology makes it possible to distribute information to a worldwide audience at virtually no cost, and to enable new, better ways of teaching and learning. OER is the most effective way to leverage that potential. In a perfect world, higher education would make widespread use of OER expanding affordable access to textbooks, enabling instructors to adapt materials to improve teaching, and supporting new sustainable publishing models.

28 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Solution What specific change or series of changes could bring the world closer to your vision?

29 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Solution The key to solving the problem is to get more professors to seek, consider and adopt OER. Specifically for that to be possible, professors need both high quality content and support for identifying, reviewing and adapting it to their course.

30 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Barriers What customs, policies, behaviors, or entities stand in the way of your solution?

31 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Barriers Lack of funding or expertise to provide the kind of support faculty need to transition to OER Uneven availability of high quality ready-to-use open textbooks Faculty perceptions that OER are low quality Limited awareness of OER at colleges and universities

32 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Breakout Groups Fill out the Campaign Development form for the situation in your country. Google Docs/Downloads:

33 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Share Tell the group what you came up with for Campaign Development. Google Docs/Downloads:

34 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Part 2: Campaign Strategy

35 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Campaign Strategy Policy Proposal Target Timeframe Allies/Opposition Resources Influencers Strategy Tactics Goal

36 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy Proposal What policy will you propose to implement your solution?

37 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Types of OER Policy 1.Invest resources explicitly in the creation or adoption of OER 2.Inject open licensing into systems that create educational resources 3.Endorse or call for OER 4.Remove barriers to OER * This is a working theory, let’s see if it holds true outside the U.S. *

38 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Policy Ideas Funding OER pilot programs Diverting textbook funding to develop/deploy OER instead Open licensing policies for materials created by professors or with public funds Adding OER to strategic plans

39 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Policy Proposal Federally-funded grant program to support the creation, improvement and adoption of OER.

40 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Target Who is the specific decision maker, or group of decision makers, that has the power to pass your policy proposal?

41 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Target Ideas National government (incl. ministers) Provincial/local governments Leaders of schools/universities Funders of research/development

42 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example Target Generally, U.S. Congress Specifically, members of the House and Senate committees that work on higher education

43 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Timeframe When do you seek to pass your policy proposal?

44 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Timeframe In this case, we want to get the bill attached to the “reauthorization” of our Higher Education Act, so the timeframe will be dependent on that.

45 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Goal Your policy proposal put in terms of a target and a timeframe. “Get [target] to [pass policy proposal] by [timeframe].”

46 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Goal Get the U.S. Congress to pass a grant program funding the creation, improvement, and use of open textbooks when it passes the Higher Education Act reauthorization bill.

47 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Allies/Opposition What people and organizations are on your side? Who is against you?.

48 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Allies Student organizations Other OER Groups: Creative Commons, etc. Senator Durbin, Congressman Hinojosa A few college groups Open textbook publishers Faculty groups?

49 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Opposition Publishers, incl. companies and trade associations Politicians who oppose federal spending

50 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Resources What resources – including money, manpower, connections, etc. – do you and your allies have available?

51 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Resources Hewlett Foundation grant SPARC reserve budget 100+ U.S. SPARC library members in 45/50 states Good contacts with the press Open Access Working Group (OA coalition) Legislative action software

52 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Influencers What entities and ideas can influence your target to make the decision you want them to make?

53 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Influencers American voters, specifically those in the states/districts of our targets. – Students/Parents – Professors – Colleges The press Powerful members of Congress In some cases, the Administration Campaign donations

54 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy The theory for how you can achieve your goal.

55 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Common Strategies Persuade target Incentivize target Put pressure on target Hold target accountable

56 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Strategy Demonstrate a broad base of constituent support for the idea of textbook affordability and open textbooks to incentivize – and in some cases pressure – members of the House and Senate education committees to support the OER program’s inclusion in the Higher Education Act, which will ultimately lead to its passage.

57 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Tactics The specific actions you take to execute your strategy.

58 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Tactic Tips Best process is to brainstorm all possible tactics, then pick the ones that fit with your resources, then fit them into your timeline. We won’t have time for that today, so just outline a few that you think are most important.

59 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Tactics Work with coalition to organize student resolutions and letters and in key states/districts. Generate media coverage on the issue. Build relationships with target offices. Organize educational briefing on Capitol Hill. Work with bill sponsors to reach out to targets and convince them to support the bill.

60 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy or Tactic? Organize presentation to faculty to educate them about OER.

61 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy or Tactic? Persuade educators to make their teaching materials available as OER.

62 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy or Tactic? Hold publishers publicly accountable for their excessively high profit margins to change their practices.

63 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Strategy or Tactic? Organize a coordinated twitter campaign to launch an OER portal.

64 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Breakout Groups Fill out the Campaign Strategy form for the policy proposal you are most interested in. Google Docs/Downloads:

65 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Agenda 13:45 Breakouts: Campaign Strategy 14:30 Share: Campaign Strategy 15:00 Overview: Campaign Communication 15:15 Breakouts: Campaign Communication (incl. 15 min break) 16:00 Share: Campaign Communication 16:45 Evaluation and next steps 17:00 End

66 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Share Tell the group what you came up with for Campaign Strategy. Google Docs/Downloads:

67 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Part 3: Campaign Communication

68 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Campaign Communication Audience Frames Message Materials

69 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Audience Who is your campaign oriented towards? The target or someone who influences the target?

70 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Audience There are two key audiences for our campaign: SPARC member librarians Target Congressional offices (equivalent to members of the public)

71 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Frames What pre-existing themes does your audience associate with the topic?

72 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Frames Good frames: Textbooks, and higher ed in general, are expensive. Student debt is a big problem. Education is important for the economy. Technology can solve problems. Bad/problematic frames: You get what you pay for. If it’s too good to be true, it probably is. MOOCs are the cutting edge.

73 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Message The case you make to your audience.

74 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Message Structure Hook (Something that interests the target) Problem (Connect the hook to the problem) Solution (Why OER) Action (Why your policy proposal) Short message Long message

75 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Message Tips Use your list of frames and your list of influencers Include key facts Explain things using language your audience will understand Use active, colorful language

76 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Tiny Message Textbook costs are out of control and America can do better. It's time to unleash the power of technology through free open textbooks.

77 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Short Message Textbook costs are out of control and are driving students deeper in debt. America should capitalize on today’s technology to make textbooks affordable and better for students. The most effective model is open textbooks, which are free online to students and available for anyone to use, adapt and share. Support the Affordable College Textbook Act to expand the use of open textbooks at more campuses, reducing costs for students and supporting more innovative models for educatio.

78 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Long Message Hook: Everyone knows that college costs are skyrocketing and student debt has become a big problem. Problem: Textbooks are a significant contributing expense. Students spend $1,200 per year, and many skip or delay buying textbooks because the cost is too high. The traditional textbook system continues to drive up costs, stifling competition and taking advantage of students. Technology has the potential to solve this problem, but only if we go about it the right way. Much of the existing digital content has legal and technical restrictions that prevent everything we’re used to doing on the Web – reading free, copying, sharing, editing, etc.

79 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Long Message Solution: The most effective model to unlock the potential of technology is Open Educational Resources, or “OER.” OER are academic materials that are distributed free online with copyright permissions for everyone to freely use, adapt and share the content. Students can access OER at no cost, professors can tailor the material to suit their course, and print copies can be made at a low cost. OER is widely available in many subjects, and if more professors start to leverage it, students would save % on textbooks. Studies also show that OER supports better grades because all students have access.

80 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Example: Long Message Ask: The challenge is that professors are not always aware of options like OER. The key is to provide more support on campus. For this reason, we are asking you to co-sponsor the Affordable College Textbook Act. This bill would fund campus pilot programs to create, improve, and expand use of OER. These pilots would directly reduce costs for students, and any materials they create would be freely available to the public too. The bill would also reduce costs in the long run by enabling sustainable, competitive business models to develop.

81 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Materials How you communicate your message to your audience

82 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition External Materials Fact Sheet (2 page max) Myths and facts sheet (2 page max) Primer (longer, if your audience wants it) Webpage Infographic or related images List of “further reading” Op-Ed or good news clippings

83 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Internal Materials Talking points for meetings with targets Q&A for meetings with targets Document summarizing the campaign strategy, tactics and timeline Document summarizing the campaign message, frames and audience

84 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Breakout Groups Fill out the Campaign Communications form for your campaign. Google Docs/Downloads:

85 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Share Tell the group what you came up with for Campaign Communication. Google Docs/Downloads:

86 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition Evaluation & Next Steps

87 #oerpolicyworks Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition OER Advocacy Workshop Nicole Allen Director of Open Education, SPARC OER Policy Workshop (#OERPolicyWorks) March 19, 2014 Warsaw, Poland


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