Presentation on theme: "Lecture Twelve Coordination. Compound sentences Peter is a doctor and Susan is a nurse. = Susan is a nurse and Peter is a doctor. Coordinating devices:"— Presentation transcript:
Lecture Twelve Coordination
Compound sentences Peter is a doctor and Susan is a nurse. = Susan is a nurse and Peter is a doctor. Coordinating devices: coordinators some punctuation marks: cooma, semicolon, colon
Coordinators Basic coordinators: and denoting addition or denoting alternation but denoting contrast Correlative coordinators:both … and, either … or, not … but, neither … nor, not only … but also Semi-coordinators: nor, so, yet Quasi-coordinators: as well as, as much as, rather than, more than
And-group coordinators and, both … and, not only … but (also), not … nor, neither … nor, not … or, as well as, etc I washed the dishes and (then) I dried them. (temproal sequence) He heard an explosion and he (therefore) phoned the police. (cause and effect) Peter is secretive and (in contrast) David is open. (contrast) She tried hard and (yet) she failed. (concession) Give me some money and (then) I ’ ll do the shopping. (condition and result)
A trade agreement should be no problem, and (similarly) a cultural exchange could be easily arranged. (similarity) He has long hair and (also) he often wears jeans. (addition) They disliked John – and that ’ s not surprising in view of his behavior. (comment0 She ran and ran until she was out of breath. (repeated action)
Come and have tea with us. I ’ ll go and see if she ’ s OK. Let ’ s wait and see. Try and get some coffee. Stay and have dinner with us. We should stop and think. ? We sent and saw if she was OK. * We waited and saw.
This room is nice and warm. I ’ ll go and bring back your boots. You must try and come to the party.
Slot filler I … I did drink … not much … and I mean I was not drunk … and I was sure OK … OK behind the wheel … and he just blew the horn and yelled at me like hell …
Both my wife and I will be coming to see you a week today. David both loves Joan and wants to marry her. This machine will both accelerate the copying process and improve the quality of reproduction. She is not only pretty but also intelligent. They not only broke into his office and stole his books, but (they) (also) tore up his manuscripts.
He gave me money as well as advice. The speech was addressed to the employers as much as to the strikers. John, as well as his brothers, was responsible for the loss. John, with his brothers, was responsible for the loss.
Neither Peter nor his wife wanted the responsibility. Mary was neither happy nor sad. Mary was neither happy, nor was she sad. David neither loves Joan, nor wants to marry her. Daivd neither loves Joan, nor does he want to marry her. Not a fly nor a mosquito was to be found. He doesn ’ t like football or basketball.
Or-group coordinators Or, either … or You can sleep on the couch in the lounge or you can go to a hotel. You can boil yourself an egg or (else) you can make some sandwiches. You can boil an egg, (or) you can make some sandwiches, or you can do both. They are enjoying themsevles, or (at least)/(rather) they appear to be enjoying themselves. Switch on the radio or we ’ ll miss the news. Don ’ t be too long, or you ’ ll miss the bus.
Either the room is too small or the piano is too large. You may either stand up or sit down. Either Sylvia or her sister will be staying with us.
But-group coordinators But, not … but, yet, while, whereas John is poor, but/yet he is happy. Jane did not waste her time before the exam, but studied hard evry evening. He is not brave but bold. They are having trouble at home, while/whereas/but/yet abroad things are even worse. While/whereas they want a house, we would rather live in a flat. He is to be pitied rather than disliked.
Punctuation between coordinated units What I need after a day ’ s hard work is a hot shower, a cigarette and a nice cup of coffee. He didn ’ t play football, basketball or volleyball. a small, clean, cozy room the country ’ s social, economic and potical crisis a pink Indian cotton dress The breakfast menu consists of fruit juice or cereal; a boiled, fried, or poached egg; toast and marmalade; and a pot of tea or coffee. She had been sick for several days: this could explain her poor performance at the test. Please send us the following items: a letter of application, a resume, three letters of recommendation, and the correct fee.