Presentation on theme: "Show-Me 4-H’ers Character The Six Pillars of Character"— Presentation transcript:
1Show-Me 4-H’ers Character The Six Pillars of Character Module 3The Six Pillars of CharacterIn previous modules we have talked about the history of character, some character education theory and definitions for character, ethics and values. This module begins to put character into action using the Six Pillars of Character; describing each pillar and the important attributes of the pillars.As we talk about each of these pillars think about situations you have found yourself in that deal with the particular pillar. Particularly think about 4-H examples.
2PILLAR ONE Trustworthiness The first pillar tends to serve as the umbrella for several important concepts. Remember trust is earned. Just saying you are trustworthy doesn’t mean people will accept your assessment –you must prove it.We should understand that trust is essential to:Meaningful personal relationshipsEnduring and rewarding friendshipsSuccessful associationsUnderstanding that relationships built on trust can be permanently damaged by untrustworthy behavior.
3Even Small Lies and Deceptions Can Topple Towers of Trust Towers of trust are built stone by stone, yet no tower is so tall or so strong that it can stand when lies and deceptions undermine the stones at its base.The over-arching concept that embodies Trust is Even Small Lies and Deceptions Can Topple Towers of Trust, Towers of trust are built stone by stone, yet no tower is so tall or so strong that it can stand when lies and deceptions undermine the stones at its base.We are all likely to remember situations where one act has caused distrust over a long period of time.
4Trustworthiness Embodies Four Ethical Principles IntegrityHonestyPromise-keepingLoyaltyTrustworthiness Embodies Four Ethical PrinciplesIntegrityHonestyPromise-keepingLoyalty
5Trustworthiness Integrity Though living up to personal values and walking the talk are critical aspects of integrity, these are not enough. A person of integrity must also recognize and live up to universal moral obligations.
6IntegrityIntegrity is moral wholeness demonstrated by a consistency of:Thoughts – what we thinkWords – what we sayDeeds – what we doDuties – what we should doIntegrity is moral wholeness demonstrated by a consistency of:Thoughts – what we thinkWords – what we sayDeeds – what we doDuties – what we should do
7What is right is right even if no one else is doing it. Integrity requires three steps:Discerning what is right and wrongActing on what is right even if it is personally costlySaying openly that you are acting on your understanding of right from wrong.What is wrong is wrong even if everyone is doing it.
8Trustworthiness Honesty The next principle of trustworthiness is Honesty.
9Honesty Do: Tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. Be sincere.Be forthright and candid.Don’t:Lie.Cheat.Steal.Be sneaky, tricky or deceptive.Honesty means you tell the truth, you are sincere and forthright and candid. It also means you don’t lie, cheat, steal and you are not sneaky, tricky or deceptive.
10So,what else have you lied to me about? White lies often look very different from the perspective of the person lied to.So,what else have you lied to me about?Thank you for caringTHE TEST:Upon learning of the lie, would the person lied to thank you for caring, or feel manipulated or betrayed?You may be wondering if there is a test for whether or not to be honest. And, there is. Upon learning of the lie, would the person lied to thank you for caring or feel manipulated or betrayed?
11Trustworthiness Promise-Keeping The third principle is promise-keeping.
12Reliability & Promise-Keeping Keep your word.Honor your commitments.Be dependable — do what you are supposed to do, return what you borrow; pay your debts.Show up where and when you are supposed to.Be prepared — do your homework and bring what you need to do your work.Promise-keeping is a vital moral aspect of reliability. Promises create duties beyond legal obligations – if we say we will do something we are committed to doing it. People have a right to rely on us to do what we commit to do whether or not there is an enforceable obligation. Beyond that promise-keeping means:Keeping your wordHonoring your commitmentsBeing dependableShowing up where and when you are supposed toBeing prepared.
13Trustworthiness Loyalty The last principle is loyalty. Loyalty implies a steadfast and devoted attachment that is not easily turned aside.
14LoyaltyDoStand by, stick up for and protect your family, friends, school and country.Be a good friend.Look out for those who care about you.Keep secrets.Don’tBetray a trust.Let your friends hurt themselves.Do anything that is wrong, even for a friend or just so others will like you.Ask a friend to do anything wrong.Spread hurtful rumors or gossip.Loyalty implies that we:Stand by, stick up for and protect our family, friends, school and country.Are a good friend.Look out for those who care about us.Keep secrets.It means we don’tBetray a trust.Let your friends hurt themselves.Do anything that is wrong, even for a friend or just so others will like us.Ask a friend to do anything wrong.Spread hurtful rumors or gossip.
15PILLAR TWORespectThe essence of respect is to show solemn regard for the worth of people – including yourself.
16Two Aspects of Respect What You Think of Others How You Treat Others The two aspects of respect include what you think of others and how you treat others.
17RESPECT Follow the Golden Rule Be tolerant and accept differences Be nonviolentBe courteousRespect means:Following the Golden RuleBeing tolerant and accepting differencesBeing nonviolentBeing courteous
18PILLAR THREE Responsibility Life is full of choices…responsibility is an important aspect of good character concerned with the moral obligation to choose attitudes, words and actions, and the duty to accept personal responsibility for the consequences of those actions.
19ResponsibilityResponsibility requires you to recognize that what you do — and what you don’t do — matters.Responsibility requires you to recognize that what you do — and what you don’t do — matters.
20Responsibility Duty Accountability Pursue Excellence Exercise Self-ControlResponsibility means you:Do your dutyAre accountablePursue excellenceExercise self-control
21PILLAR FOURFairnessWhile we normally mention just fairness the concept includes fairness and justice. They establish the moral standards for decisions that affect others.
22Fairness Play by the rules Take turns and share Be open-minded; listen to othersDon’t take advantage of othersDon’t blame others carelesslyFairness means:Play by the rulesTake turns and shareBe open-minded; listen to othersDon’t take advantage of othersDon’t blame others carelessly
23What is Fairness?Fairness is concerned with actions, processes, and consequences that are morally right, honorable and equitable.Fairness is concerned with actions, processes, and consequences that are morally right, honorable and equitable.It implies an adherence to a standard of rightness or lawfulness without reference to our own feelings or inclinations. It also implies freedom from prejudice or impartiality for or against any side. It is the standards we should use so others believe they have been treated fairly.
24Procedural Fairness Requires… 1. Fair Notice2. Impartiality3. Gathering of the Facts4. Fair HearingThere are two aspects of fairness - procedural and sustentativeProcedural Fairness reflects how we do things and requires…Fair NoticeImpartialityGathering of the FactsFair Hearing
25Substantive FairnessResults — what we decide, the substance of the decision.The moral obligation is to make fair decisions; this is called substantive fairness.Substantive FairnessReflects results — what we decide, the substance of the decision.The moral obligation is to make fair decisions; this is called substantive fairness.
26Six Theories of Substantive Fairness MeritNeedMightEqualitySeniorityEffortSix Theories of Substantive FairnessMerit – People are entitled to whatever they can earn or acquire based on skill, talent or hard workNeed – People are entitled to whatever they needMight – People are entitled to whatever they can acquire irrespective of merit, need or effort. Power is the basic determinant here.Equality – People are entitled to an equal share of whatever is available irrespective or merit, need, power or effort.Seniority – People are entitled to benefits such as jobs and compensation based on seniority, how long they have been working for an organization.Effort – People are entitled to benefits in proportion to the effort they expend.
27PILLAR FIVECaringGood character requires caring. This statement almost sounds like a demand to have a certain feeling. It’s true that emotion is often involved in caring. But, it’s also true that caring is an attitude and behavior which can be learned and practiced. Emotion often follows behavior.
28Caring Be kind Be compassionate and show you care Express gratitude Forgive othersHelp people in needCaring means we areKindCompassionate and show we careExpress gratitudeForgive othersHelp people in need
29A Caring Person Is Not: Mean, cruel or insensitive Selfish or self-centeredToo busy to lend a helping handA Caring Person Is Not:Mean, cruel or insensitiveSelfish or self-centeredToo busy to lend a helping hand
30Elements of Caring: Concern for others’ well-being Compassion Empathy KindnessCharityThe elements of caring include:Concern for others’ well-being – which means you engage or involve yourself in the well-being of others as if your happiness depended upon theirsCompassion – meaning we have sorrow or concern for the suffering of others accompanied by the urge to helpEmpathy – is the ability to share in another person’s thoughts and feelingsKindness – implies an inclination to be charitable and do good.Charity is the voluntary giving of money or other help to people in need.
31PILLAR SIX Citizenship The last pillar is citizenship which is the duties, rights, conduct and responsibilities of the citizen of the state.
32Citizenship Do your share to make your school and community better CooperateStay informed; voteBe a good neighborObey laws and rulesRespect authorityProtect the environmentCitizenshipDo your share to make your school and community betterCooperateStay informed; voteBe a good neighborObey laws and rulesRespect authorityProtect the environment
33The Six Pillars of Character TrustworthinessRespectResponsibilityFairnessCaringCitizenshipThere you have it. The Six Pillars of Character and what in essence they stand for. Each pillar is powerful as it stands alone but its meaning is limited. But when you put all six together and live and operate your lives from the combination of all six it becomes a winning combination. In the next module we will talk about how you make decision based on the pillars – especially when pillars seem to be in conflict with one another.