Presentation on theme: "Nouns Gabriel Roberts ELTC The largest word class, nouns are ‘naming’ words. There are six main groups of noun; common, proper, countable, uncountable,"— Presentation transcript:
Nouns Gabriel Roberts ELTC
The largest word class, nouns are ‘naming’ words. There are six main groups of noun; common, proper, countable, uncountable, concrete and abstract. The test to check if a word is a noun is to ask yourself if you can put ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’ in front of it: a table – correctthe Sunday – correct an eat – wronga speak - wrong
Common Nouns Common means ‘general’ or ‘ordinary’ and that is exactly what these nouns are. In this group we find all kinds of things: applecarcomputershop guitarhouseidea water drinkmousebreadtiger jacketphonetelevision
Proper Nouns Proper nouns are all the ‘naming’ words for names, these nouns always start with a capital (big) letter: CardiffChristianTescoTwix MaryFranceYodaMarlboro EuropeNelson
Task 1 Decide which nouns are common and which nouns are proper nouns. Put a capital letter at the start of the proper nouns. Common nounsProper nouns egypt david pen desk plug phone moscow teacher baghdad man idea meeting chicken spaghetti cat
Countable Nouns Countable means ‘you can count it’ and all of these nouns can be counted. One thing is called a singular noun, we make it into a plural (more than one of the same thing) by saying a number (how many) before the noun instead of ‘a’ ‘an’ or ‘the’ and we add the plural ‘s’ to the end of the noun
OneSingular NounHow Many?Plural Noun a an the car computer dog shop apple egg island orange cat ship ant elephant three two five twenty two twelve four eight some many some lots of cars computers dogs shops apples eggs islands oranges cats ships ants elephants
Notice how the green group all start with consonant sounds so we use ‘a’ the orange group all start with vowel sounds and that is why we use ‘an’. The red group use ‘the’ because the singular noun must be known, notice too that there are less exact words in the ‘How Many?’ part of the table, this is just to show that we don’t need exact numbers to say how many.
Be careful, some countable nouns can be irregular: person = peopleman = menwoman = women sheep = sheepfish = fishchild = children bacterium = bacteria
Uncountable Nouns Uncountable means that you can’t count it. This rule is the same in many languages, think; can you count sand or milk in your language? The basic rule is that if you can’t count it or it is a lot of trouble to count it (have you tried counting sand?) then it is uncountable.
The common groups of uncountable nouns are: liquids - water, wine, milk materials - wood, metal, plastic grains - sand, rice, sugar gasses - air, oxygen, hydrogen concepts - work, time, money fractions - less than a complete thing
This may appear confusing because: We count our money BUT we are really counting the coins and notes. We count time BUT we are really counting the minutes and hours. We even count wine BUT we are really counting the glasses of wine. Other nouns can be countable AND uncountable depending on their meaning.
Task 2 Use your dictionary to decide which nouns are countable and which are uncountable. Countable nounsUncountable nouns beer salt pencil chair match video metal student carbon dioxide woman man meeting pig information mouse
Concrete Nouns Concrete is solid so, these are things we can see, taste, smell, touch and hear: beercastlebag fishbabytable
Abstract Nouns Abstract nouns are the other things that we cannot see, taste, smell, touch and hear: dreamideathought loveregrethappiness
Task 3 Use your dictionary to decide which nouns are concrete nouns and which are abstract Concrete nounsAbstract nouns regret demand shirt bathroom help sun wind wish sadness desire book need bag tiredness desk