13singular countable nouns a or an? Midori’s eating ___ cookie and Rika’s eating ___ apple.I have ___ idea, but you have ___ better one.It takes ___ hour to get to Seattle from Tacoma.Bridget wore ___ uniform to school, but she didn’t have ___ umbrella.Rie goes to ___ local college, but Ayumi attends ___ university.NOTE:Use an if “u” has a vowel sound (uncle, ugly)Use a if “u” has /yu/ sound (university, usual)
14singular countable nouns a or an? Midori’s eating a cookie and Rika’s eating an apple.I have an idea, but you have a better one.It takes an hour to get to Seattle from Tacoma.Bridget wore a uniform to school, but she didn’t have an umbrella.Rie goes to a local college, but Ayumi attends a university.NOTE:Use an if “u” has a vowel sound (uncle, ugly)Use a if “u” has /yu/ sound (university, usual)
15plural countable nouns You get three wish__ !I love animal__! I have two dog__, three fish__, and four cat__.Chika’s talking to two wom_n and three old m_n .Bridget has three child___ and Timothy has three niece___ .Ayumi has attended two universit___ .NOTE:Use an if “u” has a vowel sound (uncle, ugly)Use a if “u” has /yu/ sound (university, usual)
16plural countable nouns Pronunciation?/z/ /s/ /Iz/voiced unvoiced /s z sh ch/You get three wishes !I love animals! I have two dogs, three fish, and four cats.Chika’s talking to two women and three old men .Bridget has three children and Timothy has three nieces.Ayumi has attended two universities .NOTE:Use an if “u” has a vowel sound (uncle, ugly)Use a if “u” has /yu/ sound (university, usual)
17countable nouns Correct or incorrect? There are four person in my family.My dogs like to eat bone.I want to have a two babys after I marry.John’s been married twice; he’s had two wife.Good evening, lady and gentlemans.
18countable nouns Check your answers. There are four people in my family.My dogs like to eat bones.I want to have two babies after I marry.John’s been married twice; he’s had two wives.Good evening, ladies and gentlemen.
19Types of nouns Singular No plural Uncountable Nouns Proper Nouns PronounsCountable NounsUncountableSingularNo plural
20Uncountable nouns are … …nouns that can’t be counted.
21Uncountable nouns are … Liquidlike tea and milkMateriallike wool and cotton
22Useful material Metal like chalk, paint, or wood,… like gold and silver
24uncountable nouns Plural – NO! Singular -- YES advices homeworks but… Do not use a + uncountable nounan advice(‘advice’ is uncountable)Do not use one + uncountable nounone homework(‘homework’ is uncountable)Plural –NO!adviceshomeworks
25Countable or uncountable? Let’s practice!Countable or uncountable?adviceapplebraceletbreadbutterchaircheesedeskdollarfieldfoodfruitfurnitureinformationjewelrylakeliquidmeatmilkmoneymountainnecklacenewsoilorangepearpoundringscenerysouptablewateryen
27Put these nouns into groups. apple bracelet chair desk dollar field fruit furniture jewelry lake money mountain necklace orange pear ring scenery table yen eurofruit_______________________________________orangeapplepear
28Groups... Countable nouns are members of the group. NOTE: Uncountable nouns are often groups.Countable nouns are members of the group.fruitappleorangepearfurniturechairdesktablejewelrybraceletnecklaceringmoneydollaryeneurosceneryfieldlakemountain
29Types of nouns Singular No plural Nouns Proper Nouns Pronouns Countable NounsUncountable NounsSingularNo plural
30more than one uncountable noun Uncountable nouns are not plural,so how do we talk about more than one?Answer:Use a countable noun beforethe uncountable noun.
31more than one uncountable noun For example: WATERtwo drops of watertwo glasses of waterseven bottles of water
32more than one uncountable noun Now you try:two cansof poppoptoastsix slicesof toast
33HomeworkHomework worksheet: Check it in the library BEFORE noon on the day of your classGrammar Study Card(s): Make it YOUR way to help YOU study for the final!