Presentation on theme: "CANKAYA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES -ENGLISH UNIT- A DEFINITION OF “POLITICS” AND “POLITICAL ACTIVITY” FOR ENG 205 COURSE WEEK 1-UNIT."— Presentation transcript:
CANKAYA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES -ENGLISH UNIT- A DEFINITION OF “POLITICS” AND “POLITICAL ACTIVITY” FOR ENG 205 COURSE WEEK 1-UNIT 1
WARM-UP Think about when and where you talk about politics? What are your main topics? Do you discuss political or economic questions with your friends? Where and why? Do you think that there is a direct relationship between politics and business? If yes, please explain that relationship by giving concrete examples.
TARGET VOCABULARY allocation (n.): to give something to someone as their share of a total amount, for them to use in a particular way allocate(v.): to give share e.g. As project leader, you will have to allocate people jobs/allocate jobs to people. (v.) maintain (v.): to make something continue in the same way synonyms: continue, carry on e.g. Despite living in different countries, the two families have maintained close links.
TARGET VOCABULARY significance(n.): the importance of an event, action etc, synonym: importance e.g. The press were slow to grasp the significance of what happened. e.g.Please inform us if there are any significant changes in your plans. (adj.) undoubtedly(adv.): definitely true synonyms: surely, truly, indeed, really, certainly e.g. She was undoubtedly the best candidate. e.g. Undoubtedly, public interest in folk music has declined.
TARGET VOCABULARY proponent(n.): someone who supports something or persuades people to do something synonyms: defender, supporter e.g. Steinem has always been a strong proponent of women's rights. legitimacy(n.): the quality of being legal or acceptable synonyms: lawfulness, legality e.g. The government expressed serious doubts about the legitimacy of military action. e.g. Most scientists believe it is legitimate to use animals in medical research. (adj.) e.g. The government fears that talking to terrorists might legitimize their violent actions. (v.)
TARGET VOCABULARY convict(v.): to decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime synonym: criminal e.g. He has twice been convicted of robbery. e.g. She was convicted of shoplifting. assert(v.): to state firmly that something is true synonyms: justify, proclaim e.g. He asserts that she stole money from him. e.g. He asserted that nuclear power was a safe and non-polluting energy source.
TARGET VOCABULARY regret(v.): upset over past action e.g. Don't do anything you might regret. e.g. I now regret leaving school so young. protagonist(n.): person who takes the lead synonyms: leader, idol e.g.:Key protagonists of the revolution were hunted down and executed. e.g. His grandfather was a protagonist of educational reform
TARGET VOCAB ULARY controversy(n.): disagreement or argument about something synonyms: argument, quarrel e.g. He resigned Tuesday after months of controversy. e.g. There was a big controversy over the use of drugs in athletics. intrusion(n.): when someone or something affects your private life or activities in an unwanted way synonyms: interruption, intervention The historic high street looks awful due to the intrusion of badly designed new buildings. Taking people’s photos secretly and publishing them in newspapers is an intrusion to private life.
TARGET VOCAB ULARY abandon(v.): to leave a place or a policy forever We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship. Because of the fog they abandoned their idea of driving.
PART B- Read the following sentences and write ‘T’ for the correct statements and ‘F’ for the incorrect ones. ____ 1- According to the text politics and political activities considered to be the same. ____ 2- In the U.K political activity is NOT used in routine life. ____ 3- Activities of the terrorists are NOT considered to be the political activities. ____ 4- Students think that sports and arts are in the field of political activities. ____ 5- In order not to break the international legitimacy policies on race, S. Africa does NOT send sports players to the games. F F T T F
Reading Activity p.1-4 PART A- Answer the following based on the text! 1- How is politics defined? It is concerned with people’s social and material relationships; this can be varied in expression in different places and continually changing through time. 2- How is political activity understood in the U.K? It is a part of people’s everyday life. 3- How do governmental authorities define their relations and activities? They define their relations and activities as political.
Reading Activity p.1-4 PART C- Reference Questions 1- What does “it” in par. 3 line7 refer to? Special status / a right to be treated as political prisoners 2- Who/what does “them” in par.4 line 9 refer to? Governments and political parties 3- What does “its” in par.4 line 12 refer to? South African’s
Vocabulary Exercise A- Choose the best word from the box to complete the sentences. significance(n.) maintain(v.) convicted(v.) proponents(n.) protagonists(n.) legitimate(v.) asserted(v.) allocated(v.) intrusion(n.) controversies(n.) 1- Turkey should ______________ its contacts with European countries to have a better future. 2- The appointment of the new director aroused a lot of ________________ no one in the business is happy. 3- It is not _______________ to have two wives at the same time. Laws allow only one. 4- Jane Austen and George Eliot were some of the leading _________________ of the women’s movement in the 19th century. 5- Many people are aware of the _________________ of cell phones. Today communication is possible at any time. 6- Our new director ________________ different tasks for each of us, now everybody knows his/her responsibility. 7- In the 20th century Einstein had many __________________ of science for his theory of relativity. 8- After David read the newspaper, the young politician called his lawyer and said that, this newspaper article was a disgraceful __________________ into his private life. 9- The old lady has twice been ___________________ of shoplifting. 10- The man ____________________ that he was innocent. But his wife did not believe him. maintain controversies legitimate protagonists significance allocated proponents intrusion convicted asserted
THANK YOU!!! “Politicians are the same all over. They promise to build a bridge even where there is no river. ” by Nikita Khrushchev “Politics, it seems to me, for years, or all too long, has been concerned with right or left instead of right or wrong. ” by Richard Armour “We’d all like to vote for the best man, but he’s never a candidate.” by Frank McKinney “Politics is the gentle art of getting votes from the poor and campaign funds from the rich, by promising to protect each from the other.” by Oscar Ameringer “Politics is the art of killing your enemies in public, as well as kissing them in private.” by Ergun Kabakci