Rape Statistics A rape is reported every five minutes in the United States Rape is the most underreported violent crime in America. It is estimated that one in six women in the United States will be raped/sexually assaulted in her lifetime Approximately 80% of all rapes committed are acquaintance rapes
Rape Statistics for College- Age Victims College students are particularly at risk for acquaintance rape Over 80% of all rape victims are under the age of 25 It is estimated that 90% of all college rapes go unreported
What Do Rape Victims Feel? Shock/disbelief Anger Fear Guilt Shame Powerlessness Sadness
Alcohol, Drugs, and Rape The legal definition of rape includes situations when the victim is prevented from resisting or is unable to give consent due to being intoxicated, drugged or unconscious.
“Rape Drugs” Fast-acting Incapacitate Victim Alcoholic and nonalcoholic drinks
“Rape Drugs”- Advantages for Offenders Absence of resistance Amnesia Low reporting rates More difficult to capture evidence
How Victims Present following a DFSA Cannot account for period(s) of time No memory or unable to remember details Delayed Reports Fearful of Reporting – unsure about what happened – cannot provide details to police – reluctant to make accusation
DFSA Prevention Do Not: Accept beverages that you did not open yourself. Accept beverages from people you don’t know. Drink from punch bowls or a container that is being passed around Consume your drink if it has been left unattended.
Communication “No Means No” Understanding the Complexities & Misperceptions of Consent
Communication High school students were asked how to tell if someone is consenting to sex: “If she’s just lying there not trying to stop you.” “If she’s not fighting you off.” “If she’s letting you do whatever.” “If you’ve had sex with them before you know it’s probably okay.”
Communication High school students were asked how to tell if someone is not consenting to sex: – “If they’re hitting you” – “If they’re passed out” – “If they’re saying ‘no’” – “If they’re pushing you off”
Effective Communication Ways to confirm consent: – Are you comfortable? – Is this okay – Can we keep going? – Is this moving too fast? – Are you sure you want to? Ways to clearly communicate “No” – I’m not ready to have sex. – This is moving too fast. – Not right now. – I love you but I don’t want to have sex. – This doesn’t feel right.
Preserve Evidence Ensure victims do NOT eat, drink, bathe, brush teeth, urinate… First urine specimen Clothing in paper, not plastic, bags
When to Consider Sexual Assault Evidentiary Examinations Up to 96 hours post assault Possibly longer time period after assault Injury documentation CAN CONSULT WITH THE RAPE TREATMENT CENTER 24 HOURS/DAY
Possible Issues for Clients Delayed reporting Only want testing for drugs No story to tell Medical Issues
Delayed Reporting Encourage medical examination – Student Health – Private Physician – Medical Clinic Counseling Reporting options
How to Help a Friend Believe your friend Be a good listener Don’t blame the victim Respect confidentiality Help find information and resources Encourage friend to get professional help Accompany friend to get medical care, counseling or other services Take care of yourself
Ventura County Resources Coalition to End Family Violence 805-656-1111 www.thecoalition.org Interface 800-339-9597 www.icfs.org Rape Treatment Center Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center 310-319-4000 www.911rape.org