2Packaging of Tomato Introduction India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world.Such a huge production does not any significance if the produce don’t reach the consumer in a fresh and palatable condition at a reasonable price.Post-harvest losses occur in the period between harvesting and consumption.Due to heavy post harvest losses, a considerable gap between production and availability of fruits and vegetables to consumers.Thus, there is an urgent need to adopt proper post harvest management practices by adopting improved packaging, handling and efficient transportation methods.
3Packaging of Tomato Introduction Cont….. Packaging is required to keep fruits, vegetables and root crops in good condition until it is soled and consumed.Packaging serves as an efficient handling unit to carry produce from field to consumer.The package should also protect the produce against rotting.Packages must protect against possible damage.
4Packaging of Tomato Definition of Food Packaging Food packaging is defined as a mean or system by which a fresh produce or processed product will reach from the production centre to the ultimate consumer in safe and sound condition at an affordable price
5Packaging of Tomato Functions of Packaging Material Two main functions of packaging are:To assemble the produce into convenient units for handling.To protect the produce during distribution, storage and marketing.
6Packaging of Tomato Packaging materials serve the following purposes: As an efficient handling unitProtection from mechanical damageProtection against moisture lossProvides clean and sanitary storagePrevention of pilferageProvides sales and service motivationReduces cost of transport and marketing
7Packaging of Tomato Packaging Materials for Fresh Produce 1. Basket made of woven strips of leaves, bamboo, plastic etc.2. Sacks: flexible, made of plastic or jute.i) Bags: small size sacksii) Nets: sacks made of open mesh3. Wooden crates4. Fibreboard boxesi) Solid fibreboard boxesii) Corrugated fibreboard boxes5. Plastic crates6. Biodegradable plastics7. New innovations in packaging of fruits, vegetables and root crops8. Pallet boxes and shipping containers
8Packaging of Tomato Packaging Materials for Processed Products Packaging material for processed products is of several types:1. Glass containers2. Metal cans3. Aluminium foil4. Plastic materials5. Collapsible containers6. Composite containers
9Packaging of Tomato Cushioning Materials and Wrap Cushioning materials like dry grass, paddy straw, leaves, saw dust, paper shreds etc are used for packaging fruits and vegetablesIt should dissipate the heat of respiration of the produceIt should be free from infection and should be physiologically inactiveMoulded pulp tray, honeycomb portion, cell pack are used replacing the cushioning material
10Packaging of Tomato Cushioning Materials and Wrap Shrink-wrapping is a new technique for packaging of fruits and vegetablesShrink-wrapping with an engineered plastic wrap can reduceshrinkage,protect the produce from disease,reduce mechanical damage andprovide a good surface for stick-on labels
11Packaging of Tomato Precautions during packing Containers should not be filled either too loosely or too tightly because loose products may vibrate against each other and cause bruisingOver-packing results in compression bruisingProper filling along with cushioning can minimize bruising damage
12Packaging of Tomato Packaging of Tomato Tomatoes are usually packed in bamboo basketsWooden boxes of different sizes and shapes are also used in long distance transportationCorrugated fiberboard boxes are also usedSome Innovative packaging is also used for fresh tomatoesTomatoes are taken in plastic crates for local markets
13Packaging of Tomato Tomato Packaging Packaging of tomato in Corrugated Carton BoxesTomatoes Tray PackagingTomato tray from LINPAC PackagingSource (all photos): :
14Tomato Packaging Packaging of Tomato Innovative packaging for fresh tomatoesPackaging in wrapping filmsSource: kontosfruit.net
15Tomato Packaging Packaging of Tomato Groups of tomatoes packaging in flow pack wrapper …ulmapackaging.comTomato packaging (freshplaza.com)
16Packaging of Tomato Tomato Packaging packaginguniversity.comPackaging of TomatoTomato PackagingTrashion” show clothes made out of packaging garbage. TomatoSource: packaginguniversity.comTomato clusters packaging in flow pack wrapperSource: (hffs) harpak-ulma.com
17Packaging of Tomato Tomato Packaging Cherry tomato tub packaging in flow pack wrapper (hffs)— ULMA Packaging
18Packaging of Tomato Let Us Sum Up Food packaging is a system by which the fresh or processed produce will reach the consumer from the production centre in a safe and sound condition at an affordable cost.It serves two basic objectives, i.e., marketing and logistics.Adopting improved packaging, handling and transportation methods during distribution and marketing can successfully avert huge post harvest losses.