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Finding Invasive Forest Damaging pests sooner…….and…. Responding better to them when we do find them……. Jerry Boughton Northern Research.

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Presentation on theme: "Finding Invasive Forest Damaging pests sooner…….and…. Responding better to them when we do find them……. Jerry Boughton Northern Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 Finding Invasive Forest Damaging pests sooner…….and…. Responding better to them when we do find them……. Jerry Boughton Northern Research Station Newtown Square, PA Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. “Urban Forest Health Monitoring… Putting the Pieces Together”

2 Invasive (Tree killing) Pests Sirex Woodwasp Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Emerald Ash Borer Asian Long Horned Beetle Laurel Wilt Beetle Gold spotted oak borer Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo Canker Disease Sudden Oak Death

3 “F” Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. Invasive Species Report Card Detroit – Urban trees removed to deal with EAB Worcester – 30,000 urban trees removed to deal with ALB

4 Piling the Pieces on CAPS Trapping Pest vulnerability State risk assessments Unknown pest reporting Community Responses Information posting Public Engagement Special Surveys Diagnostic labs City Inventories EDRR trapping Campground surveys City Crew training First Detector training Priority Urban monitoring Invasive Pest Issues Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo.

5 Aligning the Pieces or Building the Invasive Wall to Establish the Community level “line of Defense” CAPS Trapping Pest vulnerability State risk assessments Unknown pest reporting Community Responses Information posting Public Engagement Special Surveys Diagnostic labs City Inventories EDRR trappingCampground surveys City Crew training First Detector training Priority Urban monitoring Known Pest Protocols Invasive Pest Issues Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo.

6 Adding the bricks of a “Full Scope Urban FH Monitoring” effort CAPS Trapping Pest vulnerability State risk assessments Unknown pest reporting Community Responses Information posting Public Engagement Special Surveys Diagnostic labs City Inventories EDRR trappingCampground surveys City Crew training First Detector training Priority Urban monitoring Known Pest Protocols Invasive Pest Issues Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. “Full Scope Urban FH Monitoring”

7 Easy to use Central Data Mgmt…. The (Urban Forest Health Info Center – UFORHIC) will house local tree inventory and IPED data enabling access & analysis of pest risk, trends, and mgmt needs at multiple scales. UFORHIC provides links and user information on I-Tree tools, pest alerts, and other pest & Urban FH information. (FS FHP, States DNR) Identifying Unknowns… Public outreach networks highlight proper contacts to report unknown pests for proper identification. (NIFA, FS FHP, States DNR & DOA) Prioritized Monitoring.. Commodity shipping and host risk analysis can identify priority communities for integrated monitoring. (APHIS, FS-R, States –DOA, Universities) Looking for known pests… a pest protocol & training (like IPED) is part of local tree inventory to identify known FH issues. (FS FHP, States DOA & DNR, NIFA, SMA) Urban Tree Inventory …. Community level inventory is needed to make site specific mgmt decisions. (FS UCF, States-DNR, ISA, SMA) Full Scope Urban Forest Health Monitoring – Putting the right pieces together Blueprint Components Public Outreach….. Urban Forest Health Monitoring and First Detector training are integrated to recruit citizen involvement for finding known and unknown pests earlier. City Foresters are a key link to public networks. NPDN is a key partnership for identifying unknown pests. (NIFA, FS FHP, States DNR & DOA) Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. The Result An effective and efficient Urban Forest Health Monitoring effort supports Earlier detection and responses to protect our Urban forests

8 Prioritizing Monitoring Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. Prioritize Monitoring.. Commodity shipping and host risk analysis can identify priority communities for integrated monitoring. (APHIS, FS-R, States –DOA, Universities) 5 minute analysis – major communities on major travel corridors Additional commodity analysis – help identify other high risk locations !? LOGICAL LEAD ?! State DOA Programs Address 80% of the risk – by looking in 20% of the places

9 Urban Tree Inventory Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. Urban Tree Inventory …. Community level inventory is needed to make site specific mgmt decisions. (FS UCF, States- DNR, ISA, SMA) ** Larger communities are likely already doing some form of inventory…several off the shelf software packages are being used. ** I-Tree is an available suite of software that includes an inventory module, as well as a known pest protocol module (I-Ped)… ** Step 1 – Find out what the priority communities are already doing! !? LOGICAL LEAD ?! State UCF Program For more information contact: Dr. David J. Nowak USDA Forest Service (315) Northern Research Station 5 Moon Library, SUNY-ESF Syracuse, NY ** But…look for more than just maintenance needs…

10 Include a Pest Protocol Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. LOOK for known pests… a pest protocol & training (IPED or other) is part of local tree inventory to identify known FH issues. (FS FHP, States DOA & DNR, NIFA, SMA) ** What are the primary pests you are concerned with? ** Train inventory & Maintenance personnel. !? LOGICAL LEADS ?! State FHP & UCF Programs working with City Managers Bug holes or bullet holes? Don’t be another Worcester! ** I-Ped is a module of I-Tree for recording tree symptoms and help to identify known pests. ** Could be a Booklet, could be plastic ID Cards. **** Key **** ---- Use the existing Eyes ----

11 State wide use of that Urban Information Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. Easy to use Central Data Mgmt…. The (Urban Forest Health Info Center – UFORHIC) will house local tree inventory and IPED data enabling access & analysis of pest risk, trends, and mgmt needs at multiple scales. UFORHIC provides links and user information on I-Tree tools, pest alerts, and other pest & Urban FH information. (FS FHP, States DNR) !? Push Behind it ?! FS FHP (Purdue/Davey Tree) Urban Forest Health Information Center ** On Line Resource. ** Ability to Aggregate and Analyze state-wide. *Report Generators and Query Builders. **On Line Info to Assist Communities * Links to the latest Pest Alerts and other pest info. Linking the data across the landscape End User Advisory Group

12 Public Outreach Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. Public Outreach….. Urban Forest Health Monitoring and First Detector training are integrated to recruit citizen involvement for finding known and unknown pests earlier. City Foresters are a key link to public networks. NPDN is a key partnership for identifying unknown pests. (NIFA, FS FHP, States DNR & DOA) Terms: ** Citizen monitoring, Citizen scientist, Volunteers, Pest Scouts, etc. ** Options and approaches are many…. !? Coordinated Effort ?! State FH – State DOA – Extension Key Partners State UCF – City Foresters ** State determination…how to best help them… …..to help you. ** Mostly untapped, willing and growing resource…. …..it is a miss to not engage them. ** Millions of Baby Boomers retiring every year, 67% say they want to remain stimulated and productive.

13 Identifying Unknowns Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. !! An Engaged Public is THE key to finding new pests sooner !! !! They have found the majority of initial introductions !! !! Make it easier for them to help do this !! Identifying Unknowns… Public outreach networks highlight proper contacts to report unknown pests for proper identification. (NIFA, FS FHP, States DNR & DOA) ** Known pests of concern info is available …Good…but there is more to it…!! More Eyes...Prescreening...samples to NPDN ** KEY ** How to report unknown specimens for proper identification. !? Coordinated Network ?! State FH – State DOA – Extension Report Invasive Pests to: Minnesota Department of Agriculture Plant Protection Division “Arrest the Pest” Hotline – Metro Area or – Greater Minnesota This …WILL… help find new pests sooner! Three elements: ** Must be prepared to be responsive to this increased public input. ** A clear contact point and prescreening capacity before samples go to NPDN is key. ** Need the NPDN partnership established.

14 Seven Steps to Building a better Wall Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. 1. Prioritize where to focus UFHM efforts in your State. 2. Contact those communities, convince them it is in THEIR best interest to be a part of the coordinated statewide effort. 3. Determine their current inventory processes, if none, help them initiate one (I-Tree). If some financial assistance is needed, consider …State, UCF, Redesign, other Agency grants, etc. 4. Ensure a pest protocol is part of all inventories…if I-Tree, use I-PED.…if not…look for other options…it could be training and pocket ID cards. Have who ever is looking at trees (inventory/mtc crews) priority pest symptom trained. 5. Coordinate individual community inventories for larger prevention and response planning. UFORHIC can help avoid the cost of inventing and maintaining a system on your own…it will also be a central source of forest health information useful to your communities…it is going to be free…take advantage of it. 6. Engage the public, Statewide…first detector training can help train trainers, Locally…help your priority communities engage their publics…. Together… determine how to best engage the public. 7. Establish a coordinated unknown pest reporting network that is visible and available to the public.… the many more eyes will help earlier detection become a reality.

15 What will it take? ** Vision or blueprint of how to approach it….. ** Establishing Key Partnerships…... ** More about coordinated staff effort than about new money….. ** A Champion with the Vision to orchestrate the process …..that’s you! Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. ** Coordinated Use of Existing Tools ** ** Next Steps……..Several Leadership States to…... ** Conduct the seven step process….. ** Demonstrate implementing all the components…..

16 **Take Away ** ** Exposure to concepts of the core pieces needed to better protect your state…. **Turn UFHM Concepts into National Strategies…. ** Stimulate thinking of the roles and partnerships needed…. ** Let you know we are working on this to…. **Focus Research to support the outcomes…. **Facilitate needed Information and Technology Transfer…. Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. ** Entice Action….

17 Central Plant Board Meeting, March 2011, St. Louis, Mo. Jerry Boughton Northern Research Station Newtown Square, PA “A” Invasive Species Report Card “A” Invasive Species Report Card


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