Presentation on theme: "Warm-up questions 1. Did the author regret the brush with the police? 2. Can you sum up the arbitrary circumstances of his arrest and his release?"— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up questions 1. Did the author regret the brush with the police? 2. Can you sum up the arbitrary circumstances of his arrest and his release?
From this text, we learn about an incident in the 60’s in the UK. Both the circumstances for arrest and release are arbitrary, depending on a person’s appearance, family status and the like, instead of the facts. This disturbs the author and makes the story.
Detailed Reading of Unit1 1 brush : n. a brief fight or encounter To have a brush with the police/the enemy/the Customs men 在上场比赛中我们的足球队员与裁判发生了一场 冲突。 Our football players had a brush with the referee in the last game. v. brush sb./sth. off : 拒绝，抛弃 He tries to get the girl to go out with him, but she always brushes him off. brush sth. up : 重温，温习 If you are going to France you’d better brush up your French.
2 arbitrary : adj. decided by or based on personal opinion only rather than on reason 他草率的决定导致了项目的失败。 His arbitrary decision resulted in the failure of the project. arbitrary boss 独断专行的老板 arbitrary decision 武断的决定
3 circumstances : n. facts; conditions connected with an event or a person 在任何情况下，战士都不能离开自己 的岗位。 In no circumstances can a soldier leave his post. The favorable circumstances( 有利条件 ) made the picnic a great success. under / in the circumstances Under / in no circumstances can you break the law.
4 subsequent : adj. later; coming after, following 后来发生的事证明我错了。 Subsequent events proved me wrong. subsequent 常与 to 连用，意为： “ 在 …… 之后 ” 。 In the week subsequent to her marriage, she didn’t go to work. 她婚后一周没去上班. The period subsequent to the war 战后时期
5 due: adj. 1)expected to happen or arrive at a particular time;supposed (to) 你的报告应该明天交。 Your report is due tomorrow. The next train is due to arrive at ten. be due to do sth. 要做（某事） due to sth. / sb. 因为（某人、某事） 2) to be paid or returned The books are due today.
6 save up : keep money for future use 他正在存钱，准备给家人买座小房 子 He is saving up to buy a small house for his family. 他花了一年的时间才存够买电脑的 钱。 It took him a year to save up enough money for a computer. Mary saved pieces of clothes up to make a quilt.
7 intention: n. a plan or desire to do sth. 珍妮是抱着解决纠纷的目的来的。 Jenny came with the intention of settling the dispute. intention & intent “ 意图，企图 ” intention 普通用词，指某人内心产生 的想做某事的想法，强调内心活动。 intent 法律用词，常指某人怀有歹意 而犯罪。 He broke into the house with intent to steal.
8 wander: v. 他们漫步穿过森林与田野。 They wandered through the forests and fields. I’m sorry that my mind was wandering. What did you say just now?
9 commit: v. 1) do sth. wrong or illegal During their occupation of China, the Japanese invaders committed many horrible crimes against the Chinese people. 2) (2) pledge, bind or involve(oneself) 保证， 承诺，表态 They refused to commit themselves on the controversial problem. I never commit myself on such issues.
10 turn out : be found or discovered (to be); prove to be turn out (to be) + n. / adj. turn out + (that)-clause The weather turned out pretty nice that day. The person I spoke to turned out to be an English student. It turned out that the experiment was much more difficult than they had expected.
11 casual: adj. He prefers casual clothes except on special or formal occasions. The retired worker is casual about his appearance. He tried to appear casual as he asked the pretty girl to dance.
12 conduct: 1) manage; direct; carry out The manager conducted his business efficiently. 2) allow (heat or electricity) to travel along or through Plastic and rubber don’t conduct electricity, but copper does. 3) 指挥 The orchestra is conducted by a famous conductor.
13 call on: appeal to; require; invite (sb. to do sth. ) call on sb. call on sb. to do sth. I’ll call on Jean for an answer. 他被邀请在宴会上发言。 He was called on to speak at the banquet. To defeat his opponent, he had to call on all his skills.
14 dismiss: v. dismiss sb. (from a job) for sth. 因 …… 解雇某人 dismiss the charges against sb. 驳回对某人的指控 dismiss the class 下课
15 stand a chance: have a chance You don’t stand a chance of getting the job. Everyone stands a chance of winning. 他既有学位又有丰富的经验，所以他想 自己有希望得到这个职位。 With a degree and rich experience, he thought he would stand a chance of getting the post.
16 award: Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for his achievement in physics. The university awarded him a scholarship. The soldier was awarded a medal for his bravery.
award & reward 这两个动词均有 “ 给予奖励 ” 之意。 award 强调指官方或经正式研 究裁决后对有功者或竞赛优 胜者所给予的奖励。 reward 指所给予的奖励。也可 指为某事付酬金。
The judge a large sum of money to those hurt in the explosion. He gave the children some chocolate to them for behaving well. She wanted to the cleaners for their efforts.
award sth. to sb. / award sb. sth. be awarded sth. for (doing) sth. award a prize to sb. for (doing) sth. gain / obtain / win an award 获 奖 present / make an award 授奖， 颁奖
17 given: 1. prep. considering, taking sth. into account, as far as sth. / sb. is concerned given + n. given + that-clause 考虑到当时的情况，你们那个问题处理得很好。 Given the circumstances, you’ve coped with the problem well enough. Given that none of your friends offered you any help when you were in trouble, what would you think of them? 2. adj. certain; previously arranged They didn’t meet at the given time.
18 guilty: adj. be guilty of a crime 犯罪 feel guilty about sth. 为 …… 感到内疚 find sb. guilty 判某人有罪 guilty acts the guilty party 有罪的一方
19 revolve: v. revolve, rotate, roll & circle 这些动词均有 “ 转动、旋转 ” 之 意。 revolve 强调指物体围绕本身以 外的中心旋转，即公转。 rotate 强调指物体围绕自己的轴 或中心旋转，即自转。 roll 指某物在平面上滚动或翻滚。 circle 指作圆周运动。.
The plane the airport before landing. The earth round the sun. The children down the hill, laughing. The Earth on its axis once every 24 hours
After Reading 1. Useful Expressions 2. Talk about the Pictures 3. Writing Practice 5. Proverbs and Quotations
Useful Expressions 1. 与法律发生冲突 be in trouble with the law 2. 一次不愉快的经历 an unpleasant experience 3. 相当扰人的 rather disturbing
4. 之后的命运 subsequent fate 5. 临时工作 a temporary job 6. 存钱 save up money 7. 不紧不慢 in no hurry / take one’s time
8. 带着明显的意图 with the obvious intention 9. 警察 a police officer 10. 犯要被逮捕的小罪 commit an arrestable offence 11. 板着脸 with a perfectly straight face
12. 对 …… 熟悉 be familiar with 13. 坚定了某人的信念 confirm sb. in one’s belief 14. 被官方起诉 be officially charged 15. 自我辩护 conduct my own defence 16. 不受理案子 dismiss the case
17. 有机会 stand a chance 18. 犯罪记录 criminal record 19. 免于起诉 release from the charge 20. 可靠的证人 a reliable witness
21. 很有可能 there is every chance 22. 围绕 revolve round 23. 优秀的学业记录 a brilliant academic record 24. 放了我 let me on my way
Writing Practice Directions: Write a short passage according to the text in 150 words. The passage should cover the following points: 1) his arbitrary arrest (the reasons why he was arrested) 2) what his family did for the trial 3) his arbitrary release (the reasons why he was released) 4) your comments on this incident
Proverbs and Quotations 1. The law is good, if a man uses it lawfully. 只要人守法，法总利于人。 2. Ignorance of the law excuses no man. 对法律无知不能免罪。 3. Law makers should not be law breakers. 正人先正己。. 4. Let justice be done, though sky falls. 即使天塌下来，也要做到公平。 5. Custom rules the law. 习俗影响法律。 6. Law is the crystallization of the habit and thought of society. — Wilson, American president 法律是社会习俗和思想的结晶。