Presentation on theme: "JOBS. Starting a career What ways do you know of finding a job? -Newspaper ads? Internet/websites? personal contacts? -An ad = an advert = an advertisement."— Presentation transcript:
Starting a career What ways do you know of finding a job? -Newspaper ads? Internet/websites? personal contacts? -An ad = an advert = an advertisement - What kind of work experience can you get before you start your career? An apprenticeship Work placement/ a stage Graduate trainee scheme
Early work experience An apprenticeship = you learn a skill and have a contract for a fixed period. Work placement: a temporary job with little or no pay to get experience. A graduate trainee scheme: newly qualified people/students work for a year in a company. (similar to a stage)
Job seeking and jobs To seek/ Job hunting /Look for a job Work experience/a temporary job/permanent job To be unemployed – unemployment To be redundant/to be made redundant An employer/ an employee A graduate/ an undergraduate / a degree /to graduate An apprenticeship/ work placement=stage /Graduate trainee scheme To be newly qualified – qualifications/skills/ To have skills/ to have experience in (marketing) To have backgroud experience To hire/take on/ recruit A salary/ pay/ a bonus/ a wage/
Applying for a job To apply for a job/ for a post/ a position An application form (to fill in) An applicant (to be one of 100 applicants for only 10 places/vacancies) A job advert (on a website/in the newspaper) A candidate/an applicant
Recruitment HR = Human Resources (recruitment training of staff) Send in a CV (Curriculum Vitae) or a resumé Write a letter of intent/a cover letter Interviews and tests Interviewer/ interviewee A recruiter can reject or accept candidates Candidates are screened for experience (=examined/tested) Resumés are scanned To be shortlisted to be selected To reject/accept the offer
Talking about your job- match the adjectives to their meanings 1.Fun 2.Challenging 3.Stressful 4.Worthwhile 5.Varied 6.Routine 7.Depressing 8.Rewarding 9.Dull 10.Glamorous 11.Demanding 1.Needing a lot of effort, skill, hard work 2.Boring:not interesting or exciting. 3.Amusing or enjoyable 4.Predictable, the same everyday 5.A good thing to do 6.Different, not always the same 7.Makes us feel good 8.Difficult in a way that is interesting or satisfying. 9.Makes us feel unhappy. 10.Makes us feel worried or anxious 11.Looks attractive and exciting from the outside and different.
KEY - Talking about your job- match the adjectives to their meanings 1.Fun 2.Challenging 3.Stressful 4.Worthwhile 5.Varied 6.Routine 7.Depressing 8.Rewarding 9.Dull 10.Glamorous 11.Demanding 1.Amusing or enjoyable 2.Needing a lot of effort, skill, hard work 3.Makes us feel worried or anxious 4.A good thing to do 5.Different, not always the same 6.Predictable, the same everyday 7.Makes us feel unhappy. 8.Makes us feel good - satisfying 9.Boring: not interesting or exciting 10.Looks attractive and exciting from the outside and different 11. Difficult in a way that is interesting
Job applications vocab A deadline An application letter To be shortlisted To be turned down To attend an interview To be appointed for a job To apply for another job To schedule interviews Check references in the CV To scan CVs/resumés
Complete sentences with the following prepositions: to, for, from, on or in I am thinking of applying……the position of team leader We are looking for people with a degree …….Political Science Peter is responsible ….over 100 members of staff. The latest recruit graduated ……. University last year. Sergio has been assigned……this branch since Paula left. Who will be accountable …. the quality of all our work Our company took …… 5 new members of staff.
Complete sentences with the following prepositions: to, for, from, on or in I am thinking of applying for the position of team leader We are looking for people with a degree in Political Science Peter is responsible for over 100 members of staff. The latest recruit graduated from university last year. Sergio has been assigned to this branch since Paula left. Who will be accountable for the quality of all our work Our company took on 5 new members of staff.
Talking about your qualities Are these all qualities? YES or NO? I’m good at persuading other people In a group situation you take control I’m a confident speaker I always meet deadlines I’m good at finding solutions to problems I’m attentive to small details For me there are no barriers to quality To be motivated/enthusiastic/loyal To be productive
Talking about your skills I have excellent keyboard skills I have very good language skills I have good speaking and writing skills in English. I have good communication skills I have relevant work experience I have good academic qualifications I have a fare amount of computer skills I have aquired a certain amount of skills in the advertising field
Interviews Preparing for a job interview: Make sure that you find out as much as possible about the company, about it’s history, about what it does, how many people it employs and so on. During the interview keep to the point. Give complete answers, but do not talk for longer than necessary. Remember that you ask the interviewer a question which will show that you are interested in the job/position.
To hire or to sack! Take on Quit Lay off fire Hand in your notice Hire Sack A) Resign B) Make redundant C) Dismiss D) Recruit
To hire, to sack or resign? Take on: D Quit: A Lay off: B fire: C Hand in your notice: A Hire: D Sack: B A) Resign B) Make redundant C) Dismiss D) Recruit
Letter of application: NOT appropriate Hello, I saw your ad in our local paper last week, so I want to apply for the job of Communications Assistant. I know I am the person you’re looking for. I just got a degree in Economics at University and I am a very sociable person. So write soon and tell me if you want to know more sbout me. Regards,
Letter of application appropriate Dear Sir or Madam, With reference to your advertisement posted in the paper on the 10 July I would like to apply for the position of Communications Assistant. I feel I am well qualified for the position, have a degree in Communication studies and have already acquired experience in that filed when doing a stage at the Town Hall in my home town. Additionally I also have very good language skills in both speaking and written. I would be very happy to give you more details regarding my experience and can be contacted at any time. Please let me know if there are any other details you need. I enclose a copy of my CV. I look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, Clara Adams, Clara Adams
Useful pharses Dear Mr Jacksn, I am writing to apply for the job of Press Officer advertised on October the 20 In the march edition of the magazine “jobs for graduates” I have a degree in Economics For the last two years I have worked as an Assistant Accountant for Nikoni clothing. Last year I took special responsibility for… I am very interested in this job because I feel ready for a challenge and confident in my ability to take on more responsibility. Please find enclosed Yours sincerely
Work absenteeism Take a day off sick/stay away from the office Days absent from work Absentees To be genuinely ill To take time off work To have high rates of absenteeism Sick leave
How to improve absenteeism? Work motivation? Rewarding employees who have good attendance. Better staff management enabling better respect between employees Promoting staff Offering prizes or vouchers Improve job satisfaction Provide personnel support
What do you think about these suggestions for reducing absenteeism? Stop paying employees for the first few days that they take off sick. (one day sicknesses cost the company) Give an extra day’s holiday to all employees who take no days off sick. Reduce sick pay to 50% of employee’s normal pay. Employ an onsite doctor who the staff have to report to when ill. Offer a prize/reward (vouchers, gimmicks) to those with best attendance rate.
Rewarding good staff performance- job motivation What is the most crucial for a happy work environment? To be rewarded by a pay rise? Or better conditions? More job recognition? To have efforts recognized and somehow rewarded. Dealing with non- performing colleagues: the sack? Giving employees more responsibility? Better conditions: parking space, better offices, better sense of belonging, Professional development? (staff training) Treat employees like company’s greatest assets.