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Current Pirate Threats, Emergence of Maritime Terrorism & What’s next?? Presented by: Kevin C. Doherty, President, Nexus Consulting Maritime Security Division Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License NCGA © Nexus Consulting Securing Your Future Throughout the World
Nexus Consulting Oil Trade Routes NCGA 2012 © Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License
Nexus Consulting Oil Trade Routes Significant Piracy Incidents NCGA 2012 © Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License
Nexus Consulting Petroleum Related Incidents and Costs NCGA 2012 © February 18, 2006, MEND seized a barge operated by the American oil- services company Willbros and took nine hostages and detonated a bomb at an oil pipeline, a gas pipeline, and a tanker-loading terminal, forcing Shell to suspend 477,000 barrels a day in exports. WORLD OIL PRICES JUMPED $3.79 IN TWO WEEKS Feb 17, 2006 $ Feb 24, 2006 $ Mar 3, 2006 $63.67 “US oil giant Chevron has halted onshore oil production at its Escravos oilfield after an attack on a pipeline June 2008 The loss could equate to about 120,000 barrels per day, about 6.6% of Nigeria's total daily crude production. “ Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License November 2008, Sirius Star hijacked $100 million in crude oil, oil prices jump $1 the same day
Nexus Consulting The Threat… 2.0 and counting… Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License NCGA 2012 ©
Nexus Consulting Securing Your Future Throughout the World NCGA 2012 © “Al-Qaida eyed oil tankers as bombing targets” By EILEEN SULLIVAN, MATT APUZZO 5/20/11 “Washington, DC (AP) — Osama bin Laden's personal files revealed a brazen idea to hijack oil tankers and blow them up at sea last summer, creating explosions he hoped would rattle the world's economy and send oil prices skyrocketing, the U.S. said Friday. The newly disclosed plot showed that while bin Laden was always scheming for the next big strike that would kill thousands of Americans, he also believed a relatively simpler attack on the oil industry could create a worldwide panic that would hurt Westerners every time they gassed up their cars.” Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License William S. Stevens / NVNS via AP
Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License NCGA 2012© Nexus Consulting “A Ship is Safe in Harbor, But That’s Not What Ships Are For” – William Shedd i Naval Capabilities Commercial Needs delta “GoA is 1,000,000 sq miles and we just can’t cover it” EUNAVFOR hits critical mass for CTF 150,151, 152 anti-piracy operations 2011 West Africa Heating Up Philippines waters require War Hull insurance Natural Resources Becoming More Difficult to Secure Unrest in the Middle East France, Greece, Ireland face debt crisis Baltic Index all time low
Nexus Consulting So What’s Next?? No Real-time Intel Porous countries with weak security and law enforcement will continue to complacently or worse, support pirates. West Africa next hot spot Tugs in Asia NCGA 2012 © Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License Civil Unrest Egypt Philippines Yemen Libya Bahrain
Case Study: Security WORKS Pirated Vessel vs. Evaded Attack Pirated Not registered with UKMTO No fire hoses set No lookouts Complacent crew No attempt to speed up or conduct evasive maneuvers Not on Vulnerable Shipping List (VSL) Evaded Pirating Coordinated transit with UKMTO Broadcasting AIS Lookouts posted Active crew Conducted evasive maneuvers Made contact and coordinated with Coalition Units M/V LONGCHAMP vs. M/V POLARIS Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License Nexus Consulting Securing Your Future Throughout the World NCGA 2012 ©
Know the Risks Areas– Based on defined “High Risk Waters” Asses the Risks– Based on vessel and route particulars Know the pirates TTP’s (Tactics, Techniques and Procedures)– Know how to Report– Planning – Company Level Ship Master Level Ship Protection Measures– If Pirates Take Control – If Military Intervenes – Post Incident Reporting – Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License NCGA 2012 © Nexus Consulting So How do we Deal with Piracy? Best Management Practices (4 th edition)
Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License NCGA 2012 © Nexus Consulting Every BMP (and other creative options) have SUCCEDED… Zhenhua 4 fends off boarded pirate with Moltov Cocktails
Best Management Practices' Effectiveness Reviewed Self Protection Measures (SPMs) Cost Evasive Maneuvers$0 Secure Door Hatchesup to $5000 Dummy Watchstandersup to $5000 physical barriersup to $5000 robust razor wire barrierup to $5000 coating with ‘anti-climb’ paintup to $5000 water spray / foam monitorsup to $500,000 flare guns$50 Safe Muster Points/Citadelsup to $25000 Unarmed Security Detailup to $25000 Armed Security Detailup to $55000 NCGA 2012 © Nexus Consulting BMP’s Reviewed… What’s Working? Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License
Best Management Practices' Effectiveness Reviewed Self Protection Measures (SPMs) CostVerdict? Evasive Maneuvers$0DEFEATED: Thor Spring - HIJACKED Secure Door Hatchesup to $5000DEFEATED: Beluga Nomination - HIJACKED Dummy Watchstandersup to $5000DEFEATED: Carmencita - HIJACKED physical barriersup to $5000DEFEATED: Carmencita - HIJACKED robust razor wire barrierup to $5000DEFEATED: Thor Spring - HIJACKED coating with ‘anti-climb’ paintup to $5000DEFEATED: Jahan Moni - HIJACKED water spray / foam monitorsup to $500,000DEFEATED: Thor Spring - HIJACKED flare guns$50DEFEATED: Carmencita - HIJACKED Safe Muster Points/Citadelsup to $25000DEFEATED: Beluga Nomination - HIJACKED Unarmed Security Detailup to $25000DEFEATED: Biscaglia - HIJACKED DEFEATED: New York Star - HIJACKED Armed Security Detailup to $55000ATTACK REPELED: VALERIE - No Time Deviation ATTACK REPELED: MAERSK ALABAMA - No Time Deviation ATTACK REPELED: VOGE DIGNITY - No Time Deviation ATTACK REPELED: BRATTINGSBORG - No Time Deviation ATTACK REPELED: CAPRICORN - No Time Deviation NCGA 2012 © Nexus Consulting BMP’s Reviewed… What’s Working? Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License
Nexus Consulting Securing Your Future Throughout the World NCGA 2012 © Summary More and more security firms will flood the market… One will lose in a pirate attack “The pirate threat isn’t going away, but you can manage risk with proper planning” West Africa is next and Asia is heating up as well… NAVFOR support will diminish Tankers are increasingly being targeted PA’s with firearms and RPG’s have dramatically increased PA’s are becoming increasingly violent Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License =
Authorized Flag States Nexus Consulting Securing Your Future Throughout the World Mailing Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA Fax: Headquarters Nexus Consulting 2331 Mill Rd., Suite 100 Alexandria, VA Fax: DDTC Export Registration Code: M26660 VA Security License: Nexus Consulting PO Box 6434 Arlington, VA VA Security License NCGA 2012 © Questions????
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