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Juvenile Detention Reform: New York City’s Commitment to Data-Driven Policy and Community-based Alternatives Annie Salsich Director, Center on Youth Justice.

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Presentation on theme: "Juvenile Detention Reform: New York City’s Commitment to Data-Driven Policy and Community-based Alternatives Annie Salsich Director, Center on Youth Justice."— Presentation transcript:

1 Juvenile Detention Reform: New York City’s Commitment to Data-Driven Policy and Community-based Alternatives Annie Salsich Director, Center on Youth Justice Vera Institute of Justice May 4, 2009

2 Presentation Outline  Detention Reform: The National Landscape  Designing Local NYC Reform Strategies  Risk Assessment Instrument (RAI)  Alternatives to Detention (ATDs)  Implementing Local NYC Reform Strategies

3 Detention Reform: The National Landscape

4 National Landscape: Use of Detention Risk Assessments  Structured decision-making  Measuring 2 types of risk  Re-offense during pendency of case  Failure to appear (FTA) during pendency of case  Identifying 3 levels of risk  Low: Release w/ no formal supervision  Mid: Release w/ Alternative to Detention programming  High: Eligible for detention

5 National Landscape: Approaches to RAI Development  Consensus (normative) approach (e.g., Cook County, Illinois; Multnomah County, Oregon)  Review national models  Stakeholder discussion and decision-making  Ratification of draft instrument for testing  Statistical (empirical) approach (NYC)  Collect data on a wide-range of potential risk factors and analyze which factors are most associated with risk of FTA and re-arrest

6 National Landscape: Use of Alternatives to Detention (ATDs) What:  Short-term community-based supervision For Whom:  Youth who score mid-risk on the RAI Why:  To provide the least-restrictive setting and to ensure that youth appear in court and do not re-offend during pendency of case

7 Designing and Implementing NYC Reform Strategies

8 NYC Risk Assessment Instrument (RAI): Sampling and Analysis  Data collected on every delinquency arrest referred to prosecution (citywide) between May and Sept 2006  1,782 cases  Sample then tracked through June 2007  Court data  Detention data  Arrest data  Baselines  1,053 cases actually petitioned (prosecuted)  Re-arrested: 279 (26%)  Failed to appear: 182 (17%)

9 Factors Associated with Risk Risk of FTARisk of Re-Arrest  Unsealed Prior arrest  Unsealed Prior Felony Arrest  Prior JD Adjudication  Prior Designated Felony  Currently on JD Probation  School Attendance > 80% in last full semester (-point)  Open JD Warrant  Prior JD/PINS Warrant  No Adult at Probation Intake  School Attendance < 30% in last full semester

10 Petitioned Cases by Risk Level (N=1,053)

11 NYC Alternative to Detention Continuum: Service Providers  Tier I & II (Community Monitoring and After-School Supervision)  One community-based nonprofit organization per borough (5 boroughs)  Contracted by the City’s Criminal Justice Coordinator’s Office  Tier III (Intensive Community Monitoring)  City Department of Probation (2 ICM workers per borough)  Contracted by the City’s Criminal Justice Coordinator’s Office

12 NYC Alternative to Detention Continuum

13 Implementation  Ongoing City Stakeholder Meetings  Presentations & Trainings for all Constituencies  Staggered Roll-out  Queens: June 2007  Brooklyn: July 2007  Manhattan: December 2007  Bronx: January 2008  Staten Island: April 2009

14 Preliminary Outcomes  14,420 RAIs have been completed at probation intake since June  5,154 cases have been arraigned as of January 6,  998 youth (19% of arraigned cases) were sent to an ATD program as of January 6, 2009.

15 Preliminary Outcomes: Detention at Arraignment


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