Presentation on theme: "Slide 1 Recent Developments in Sentencing and Corrections Reform Presentation to the Nevada Advisory Commission on the Administration of Justice January."— Presentation transcript:
Slide 1 Recent Developments in Sentencing and Corrections Reform Presentation to the Nevada Advisory Commission on the Administration of Justice January 27, 2014 Nancy Fishman, Project Director, Vera Institute of Justice Alison Shames, Consultant, Vera Institute of Justice January 27, 2014
Slide 2 January 27, 2014 Presentation Overview Recent reform efforts Summary of policy trends Keys to success
Slide 3 January 27, 2014 Vera Institute of Justice Vera is an independent, nonpartisan, nonprofit center for justice policy and practice. “Making systems fairer and more effective through research and innovation.” Criminal justice projects include: Justice Reinvestment Project Pathways from Prison to Postsecondary Education Project Segregation Reduction Project National PREA Resource Center
Slide 5 January 27, 2014 Recent Reform Efforts At least 17 states have enacted comprehensive criminal justice reform over the last four years. Reform prompted by budget pressures, high prison growth, evidence-based research, data-based inquiry and solutions.
Slide 6 January 27, 2014 Early Results Kentucky 1/13-6/13: Prison population by 10.7% North Carolina 2011-13” Prison population by 4,000 people South Carolina Closure of 1.5 prisons and cost savings of $7.1 million (2011 and 2012). Georgia Upfront reinvestment of $11.6 million to drug/mental health courts. Louisiana Oversight Committee created to focus on implementation and measuring outcomes. Ohio Upfront reinvestment of $14.5 million to strengthen felony probation supervision.
Slide 8 January 27, 2014 Population and Cost Drivers Increasing incarceration rates Longer lengths of stay High rates of parole and probation revocations Inefficient community corrections practices Insufficient capacity for services Inefficient parole system
Slide 9 January 27, 2014 Policy Trends Safely reduce prison populations Strengthen community supervision Expand community-based sanctions Support the reentry of offenders into community Make more-informed policy decisions
Slide 10 January 27, 2014 Safely Reduce Prison Populations Sentencing reform Reclassifying offenses Modifying thresholds Amending mandatory minimums Earned and good time credits Expanded parole eligibility
Slide 11 January 27, 2014 Strengthen Community Supervision Redefine agency goals and officers’ roles Behavioral management approach to supervision Implement risk and needs assessment instrument Focus supervision resources on high-risk offenders Provide services based on offenders’ needs
Slide 12 January 27, 2014 Expand Community-Based Sanctions Problem-solving courts Intermediate and graduated responses Increase availability of community-based treatment
Slide 13 January 27, 2014 Support Reentry into Community Mandatory post-release supervision Transitional leave programs Mitigate collateral consequences
Slide 14 January 27, 2014 More-Informed Policy Decisions Performance-based funding and contracting Oversight committees Reporting on performance and system outcomes
Slide 16 January 27, 2014 Keys to Success Collaboration with key stakeholders Bold leaders Culture change Realistic expectations Use of data (accountability, oversight, etc.) Investment in evidence-based practices