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Company LOGO Global Environment Facility (GEF) Presented by Ramon de Mesa Operations Officer October 19, 2012 Congreso Nacional de Investigacion En Cambio.

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Presentation on theme: "Company LOGO Global Environment Facility (GEF) Presented by Ramon de Mesa Operations Officer October 19, 2012 Congreso Nacional de Investigacion En Cambio."— Presentation transcript:

1 Company LOGO Global Environment Facility (GEF) Presented by Ramon de Mesa Operations Officer October 19, 2012 Congreso Nacional de Investigacion En Cambio Climatico, Mexico City


3 The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is a mechanism for international cooperation for the purpose of providing new, and additional, grant and concessional funding to meet the agreed incremental costs of measures to achieve agreed global environmental benefits.

4 The GEF is the financial mechanism for the: Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); Convention on Combating Desertification (UNCCD); Stockholm Convention for Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). The GEF collaborates closely with other treaties and agreements to reach common goals (International Waters, Montreal Protocol). The GEF unites 182 countries; of which 155 are recipients, in partnership with international institutions, civil society organizations (CSOs), and the private sector to address global environmental issues while supporting national sustainable development initiatives.

5 The GEF provides grants for projects related to OZONE DEPLETING SUBSTANCES

6 The GEF is not a substitute for regular development finance. It complements existing aid programs The GEF leverages additional Investment by seeking co-finance, replication, and follow-up investment Today, the GEF is the largest public funder of global environmental projects.


8 GEF Member Countries: 182 GEF Council: 32 Members. Main governing body of GEF GEF Assembly: All members represented. Meets every 4 years. Reviews and evaluates policies and operations. Amends Instrument (on Council recommendation) GEF Secretariat: Headed by CEO. Administrates the Fund. STAP: Panel of six members, including Chair. GEF Trustee: Manages the GEF Trust Fund

9 CBD UNFCC CCD International Waters CEO / CHAIRMAN GEF SECRETARIAT COUNCIL ASSEMBLY W.B. Donor Replenishment Group GEFEO ADB UNIDO FAO NGOS Multilateral Fund of Montreal Protocol STAP POPS IAs / EAs UNEP EBRD IFAD IDB Af DB UNDP 1/04

10 GET GEFTF AF NPIF LDCF SCCF GCF Interim Secretariat for

11 Donor Contributions GEF 5 Replenishment (2010-2014) Donor Country% Share Donor Country% Share United States16.47China0.43 Japan14.47Russian Federation0.31 Germany13.73Mexico0.29 United Kingdom8.72India0.28 France8.52Ireland0.25 Canada5.93Korea0.21 Sweden3.75Slovenia0.21 Italy3.64Czech Republic0.2 Belgium3.38Greece0.19 Netherlands3.28South Africa0.19 Switzerland3.26Brazil0.18 Finland2.47Luxembourg0.18 Denmark2.12New Zealand0.18 Australia1.78Nigeria0.18 Austria1.76Pakistan0.18 Norway1.69Portugal0.18 Spain1.22Turkey0.18 34 Donor Countries GEF Trust Fund GEF Trust Fund

12 Focal AreaBudget AllocationBudget Allocation Percentage Total UtilizationRemainderUtilization Percentage Biodiversity1,080,000,00025.41572,839,839507,160,16153.04 Climate Change1,260,000,00029.65521,510,680738,489,32041.39 International Waters440,000,00010.35132,599,939307,400,06130.14 Land Degradation385,000,0009.06162,373,176222,626,82442.17 Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) 375,000,0008.82148,953,825226,046,17539.72 Ozone Depletion25,000,0000.595,786,00019,214,00023.14 Sound Chemicals Management and Mercury Reduction 25,000,0000.598,968,40516,031,59535.87 CSP and Capacity Building70,000,0001.65660,83469,339,1660.94 Small Grants Program140,000,0003.29140,000,0000100.00 SFM/REDD-Plus Program250,000,0005.8885,931,914164,068,08634.37 Outreach to Private Sector 80,000,0001.8837,800,00042,200,00047.25 Corporate Budget120,000,0002.8232,546,00087,454,00027.12 Subtotals GEF5- SummaryByBP 4,250,000,0001,849,970,6122,400,029,388 Fund Allocations – 5 th Replenishment – 2010-2014 GEF Trust Fund GEF Trust Fund

13 the GEF allocates indicative envelopes of resources to eligible countries during the GEF-5 period based on transparent indicators reflecting country performance and country potential to achieve global environmental benefits. STAR covers three focal areas: biodiversity (BD), climate change (CC), and land degradation (LD). GEF Trust Fund GEF Trust Fund System for Transparent Allocation of Resources (STAR)

14 In order to be taken into consideration for GEF financing, a project proposal has to fulfill the following criteria: It is undertaken in an eligible country and is consistent with country’s national priorities and programs. It addresses one or more of the GEF Focal Areas, improving the global environment or advance the prospect of reducing risks to it. It is consistent with the GEF operational strategy. It seeks GEF financing only for the agreed incremental costs on measures to achieve global environmental benefits It involves the public in project design and implementation. It is endorsed by the government(s) of the country/ies in which it will be implemented. GEF Trust Fund GEF Trust Fund

15 Full-sized Projects (more than $1m) Medium-sized Projects (less than $1m) Enabling Activities (less than $0.5m) Programmatic Approaches ($5 - $150m) Small Grants Programs (UNDP) (up to $50,000) GEF Trust Fund GEF Trust Fund

16 Adaptation is the process of reducing the adverse effects of climate change on human and natural systems. It refers to the efforts made to cope with actual change as well as the process of adjusting to expected change. The UNFCCC requested the GEF to manage the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) and Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) in 2001. The priority of these Funds is Adaptation. TODAY: More than 700 million dollars raised in voluntary donor contributions to the two funds (LDCF and SCCF). Completed spring development in Kebele, Ethiopia (SCCF) LDCF/ SCCF LDCF/ SCCF

17 Voluntary Trust Fund Finances activities in climate change complementary to those funded under the climate change focal area in the GEF Trust Fund Thirteen Donors: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain Sweden, Switzerland, and United Kingdom $120 million contributions received thus far

18 Voluntary Trust Fund Address special needs of 48 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) vulnerable to adverse impacts of climate change 19 Donors: Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and United Kingdom $180 million contributions received and expects to reach $500m in 4 years

19 Consistency with 3 Adaptation strategic objectives: 1.Reduce vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change – e.g. reduced risks to economic losses through implementation of adaptation measures 2.Increase adaptive capacity to respond to the impacts of climate change – e.g. within relevant development sectors and natural resources; diversified and strengthened livelihoods and sources of income 3.Promote transfer and adoption of adaptation technologies – as defined under the Climate Convention Two step-by-step, user friendly guides developed by GEF Secretariat: 1.”Accessing resources under the Least Developed Countries Fund” GEF/LDCF.SCCF.9/5/Rev.1, available at the GEF website 2.”Accessing resources under the Special Climate Change Fund” GEF/LDCF.SCCF.9/6/Rev.1 available at the GEF website LDCF/ SCCF LDCF/ SCCF

20 Innovative Features of LDCF/SCCF Incremental cost Global benefits STAR Co-financing LDCF & SCCF: Additional cost principle NO Global benefits requirement No STAR Higher MSP ceiling for LDCF ($2M) Rolling basis approval for LDCF GEFTF: LDCF/ SCCF LDCF/ SCCF

21 Additional Cost Principle The idea that coping with the adverse impacts of climate change imposes an additional cost on vulnerable countries in their effort to achieve their development goals. This principle distinguishes those projects from the standard GEF practice which funds on the basis of incremental costs. Full costs associated with meeting additional costs imposed on the country by effects of CC, are supported by LDCF and SCCF. Youth planting mangroves, Kiribati (SPA and LDCF) LDCF/ SCCF LDCF/ SCCF

22 Areas of Intervention: LDCF Food Security and Agriculture  drought resistant crop, farming techniques Water Resources Management  resilient water infrastructure, rainwater harvesting, micro surface and ground water treatment facilities Disaster Risk Management  Integrated disaster risk management strategies, glacial lake outburst floods hazard management Community Based Adaptation  forest management, mangrove restoration, alternative livelihoods, strengthened animal health systems Natural Resources Management  efficient wood management, ecotourism, fishing around mangroves, renewable energy use Health  climate change challenges incorporated into health programs, use of medicinal plants to treat diseases Infrastructure  critical infrastructure LDCF

23 Completed NAPAs – 47 countries LDCF

24 Areas of Intervention: SCCF Water Resources Management  drainage and water-saving technologies, increased reservoir capacity through energy efficiency of turbines Agriculture/Land Management  drip irrigation, drought and salinity resistant crop varieties Infrastructure Development  infrastructure for alternative water sources, e.g. climate resilient roads and harbors Fragile Ecosystems  repopulation of coral reefs, buffer zones and biological corridors between vulnerable wetlands Integrated Coastal Zone Management  beach reinforcement and nourishment, protection structures (e.g. jetties, groins, breakwaters) Health  heat-wave warning systems, surveillance and response for malaria epidemics Disaster Risk Management  early warning systems Cross Cutting Issues  information sharing systems to monitor crop choices and contingency crop plans, and pest and disease severity SCCF

25 The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) to the Convention on Biological Diversity is a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity. It provides a transparent legal framework for the effective implementation of one of the objectives of the CBD: the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity The Nagoya Protocol on ABS was adopted on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan. Nagoya Protocol Investment Fund (NPIF)

26 became operational in May 2011 to facilitate the early entry into force and implementation of the Protocol. supports signatory countries and those in the process of signing the Nagoya Protocol, and that intend to ratify the Protocol in order to accelerate the ratification and implementation of the Protocol. supports, among others, existing opportunities leading to ABS agreements with involvement of the private sectors Nagoya Protocol Investment Fund (NPIF)

27 Pursue opportunities leading to ABS agreements between users and providers of genetic resources. Promote technology transfer, private sector engagement, and projects targeting investments in the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources in-situ. Build capacity among indigenous peoples and local communities Further the knowledge and scientific-base for the implementation of the protocol Review capacities and needs on ABS with focus on existing policies, laws and regulations that compliments investment from the GEF Trust Fund. Eligible Project Activities Nagoya Protocol Investment Fund (NPIF)

28 Same policies and procedures as the GEF Trust Fund. Projects under the NPIF are supported mainly through the GEF Medium Size Project modality ($1 million or less). Full size projects (above $1 million) can also be pursued. Funding Modality Proposal should be endorsed by the GEF Focal Point of the concerned countries and submitted to the GEF Secretariat through one of the ten GEF Agencies (ADB, AfDB, EBRD, FAO, IADB, IFAD, UNDP, UNEP, and the World Bank). Application Procedure Nagoya Protocol Investment Fund (NPIF)

29 Funds available - $13.8 million (as of October 2012) Donors – Japan, Norway, Switzerland, France Projects approved – GEF ID 4780 (Promoting the application of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing in Panama). Upcoming projects – 3 MSPs under development, 3 concept notes, and 7 inquiries with potential partners and countries. Current Status Nagoya Protocol Investment Fund (NPIF)

30 Adaptation Fund finances concrete adaptation projects and programs In developing countries that are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. Funded through monetization of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)

31 AF Resources Proceeds from monetized CERs: US$184.9M Annex-I parties contributions: – Spain €45M, Monaco €10k, Germany €10M, Sweden SEK200M, Switzerland CHF 3M, the U.K. £10M – Pledges: Australia AU$ 15M, Brussels Capital Region €1M Funds allocated to projects and programmes by August 31, 2011: US$ 166.5M Estimated funds available by end-2012: – Medium estimate US$ 356.3M (low: 338.2M; high: 377.1M)

32 Target Fund is $100 billion

33 Operational Focal Point/ Political Focal Point: Ms. Margarita Perez Villasenor Deputy Director General Ministry of Finance and Public Credit Constituency: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Venezuela Focal Area STAR GEF-5 Indicative allocation Allocation utilized PIFs cleared by CEO awaiting approval* Allocations remaining to be programmed Biodiversity 52,750,00043,947,600 0 8,802,430 Climate Change 40,030,00014,888,200 4,000,000 25,141,800 Land Degradation 5,470,0003,470,000 0 2,000,000 Total98,250,00062,305,8003,636,36435,944,200

34 Focal AreaGEF GrantCo-financing TotalNumber of Projects Biodiversity150,471,832526,333,77122 Climate Change - Mitigation 157,436,030916,703,40016 SCCF4,500,00021,000,0001 Multi Focal Area60,830,780309,047,4006 POP’s5,130,00010,921,6002 International Waters8,502,500106,729,2902 Grand Total386,871,1421,890,735,46149




38 For more details, go to http://sgp.undp.org

39 Contact the Operational Focal Point (OFP) Meet the eligibility Criteria Must be an eligible country Must be a country-driven project Must addresses one or more GEF focal area strategies Must seek financing for incremental cost to achieve Global environment benefits Must be endorsed by the OFP Must involve the public in project design and implementation Select type of GEF activity Select the GEF Agency to work with


41 For more information, go to

42 Thank you for your attention

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