2What is an Informative Speech? An INFORMATIVE SPEECH presents information in ways that will help listeners understand and remember what they are hearing.
3Informative SpeechNo matter what you are informing your audience of, CONTENT is important.However, HOW the content is delivered is just as important!
4Remember… Speeches are delivered LIVE Thus, you only have one chance to tell and show the audience what you want them to know/understandThey cannot rewind you/your speech back or turn the page back to review your presented information
5Topic Selection:Since this is an informative speech, you should choose a topic that interests you and you are familiar with.Hence, this why we answered the three questions on the back board
6Topic Selection:Also, remember your speech only needs to be FIVE MINUTES long…Thus, you should not choose a topic that is too large/broad that it cannot be covered/ explained effectively in such a short speech(The maximum time a speech can be before a student loses points is SEVEN MINUTES)
7Your Speech Type: Your speech is going to be an EXPOSITORY speech An expository speech gives information about a specific subjectExample: How a gasoline engine works
8More about topic selection: You should analyze your audience and tailor your speech to their interests and previous knowledge.Remember: Your audience members are your classmates; plan accordingly.
9More about topic selection: If you think your audience already knows a lot about your topic, try to present an interesting perspective or little known facts.For example, instead of informing your audience about how a person plays baseball, inform them of how vision-impaired people play baseball
10Basically…If you think your topic/speech is going to give your audience a “DUGH” reaction, try a different perspective, approach, or topic.
12ESSAY Speech Organization The main parts of good speech are the same as the main parts of a good _____________.ESSAY
13Speech and EssayThree Main Parts:IntroductionBodyConclusion
14Introduction of Speech: Capture your audience’s attention with an interesting statement or question.Gain the listener’s interest by relating the topic to their experiences/lifeState the goal or purpose of your speech (Thesis)
15Body of Speech: Chronological Order Logical Order Spatial Order There are three main ways you can organize the main points of your speech:Chronological OrderLogical OrderSpatial Order
16Main Point Organization For an EXPOSITORY speech you are either going to use logical or spatial order.
17Logical Order:You are going to use this method of organization if you are supplying basic information on a subject.Logical order is ordering your main points by GROUPS or CATEGORIES.
18Spatial Order:You are going to use this method of organization if you are describing an arrangement.For example, if you are informing an audience about the arrangement of pilot controls in an airplane.
20Remember… Speech & Essay Three Main Parts:IntroductionBodyConclusion
21Conclusion of Speech: Two main functions of a good conclusion: Refer to your introduction and summarize your main points; this kind of overview is an especially important way to reinforce your message for listenersEnd with a quotation, an anecdote, or thought-provoking final statement
22Ok…Now that you have the content and organization of your speech down…It is time to discuss the DELIVERY of your speech
23HOW you will present your information Speech Delivery:HOW you will present your information
24Speech Delivery:You will give your speech EXTEMPORANEOUSLY
25Speech Delivery: EXTEMPORANEOUS An extemporaneous speech is outlined and rehearsed but not memorizedSpeakers may use an outline or note cardsMost professional speakers use this method in order to seem more spontaneous and to adapt their presentation according to their audience’s various reactions
26BEWARE:You may use note cards or an outline as CUES or tools to hold phrases or quotes you will state WORD-FOR-WORD in your speechHOWEVER: DO NOT STAND UP IN FRONT OF THE CLASS AND CONSTANTLY LOOK DOWN AT THEM…AND MOST IMPORTANTLY…DO NOT READ THEM
27Speech Delivery: Parallel structure Acronyms Images You may wish to use some type of mnemonic, memory, devices to help yourself and your audience remember your main points:Parallel structureAcronymsImages
28What does the following phrase mean? Speech Delivery:What does the following phrase mean?“I see what you say, I hear what you look like”
29Phrase Meaning:It means that it is what the listeners SEE and HEAR that affects how they think about the content of your speech.Thus, you do not want to look appalling/inappropriate while giving your speechAnd, you do not want anything dealing with your voice to be distracting
30Speech Delivery:Thus, there are some DELIVERY STRATEGIES that can make your speech more effective and successful
31Delivery Strategies: Use Your Voice Effectively This means that you should vary your tone, rate, and volume to add emphasis and interest to your speech.
32Delivery Strategies: Enunciate Clearly Speak distinctly to prevent slurring words or dropping word endingsOver pronounce words that are difficult to pronounce or understand when heard out loud
33Delivery Strategies: Avoid Vocalized Pauses Meaningless speech sounds, such as uh, um, like, okay, and you know, are distractingUse quiet pauses to emphasize important points
34Delivery Strategies: Be Enthusiastic Use your speech and word choice to show that you believe in your materialThe audience will usually respond to your excitementBasically, if you are not excited about the material, your audience will not be either
35Other Strategies: NONVERBAL STRATEGIES On top of DELIVERY STRATEGIES, a good speaker also follows various…NONVERBALSTRATEGIES
36Nonverbal Strategies: DRESS APPROPRIATELYA neat, well-groomed appearance tells your audience you are serious and well prepared
37Nonverbal Strategies: MAINTAIN EYE CONTACTBy making eye contact with various people in your audience, you can give them the impression that you are speaking with them individually
38Nonverbal Strategies: Use Appropriate FACIAL EXPRESSIONS and HAND GESTURESConcentrate on the interest you have in your subjectUse them to add to your speech…Not DISTRACT
39Nonverbal Strategies: Use GOOD POSTUREStand up straight with both feet on the groundAvoid rocking back and forthAvoid pacing needlesslyDO NOT LOCK YOUR KNEES
40Audiovisuals Use will need an AUDIOVISUAL to accompany your speech Examples:audiotapevideotapecharttablegraphpostermodelpamphletetc,etc
41hold your audience’s attention AudiovisualsThey can help:clarify informationandhold your audience’s attention
42Remember…Make sure your audiovisual’s graphics, words, etc. are large enough to be seen by your entire audienceThe audience’s attention will shift its focus from you to your audiovisual…Thus, DO NOT show your audiovisual until you are ready to use it in your speech
43Remember…Your audiovisual will take time to introduce, present, and explainYour audiovisual time WILL be figured into your overall speech timeYour audiovisual time CANNOT be the majority of your speech time
44Audiovisual TIP:Keep your audiovisual closely concealed until you are ready to use it in your speechExample: Keep your poster turned around with nothing on the back
45Audiovisual TIP: Incorporate your audiovisual into your speech… DO NOT say the conclusion of your speech and then explain the A.V. separately or…say “This is my A.V.” and point to it.
46Remember:Everything in your speech will probably NOT go exactly as plannedStay relaxed and keep your sense of humorDO NOT freak out
47FINALLY… Practice, Practice, Practice DO NOT say your speech for the first time when you get up in front of the class to be gradedIt WILL NOT go well…I promise“Winging It” will be disastrous… I promise
48FINALLY #2… Rehearse to establish how long your speech takes to give Have your practice audience evaluate you by asking the questions on page 139/Note Taking Guide #2