What worked best for you? n Auditory n Visual n Or kinesthetic?
Visual Learners n Learn through seeing and reading n Prefer written directions n Often good readers
Visual Learners Learn Best With: n pictures n illustrations n photos n graphs n diagrams n maps
Visual Learning Techniques n Mental photograph or video n Flash cards n Highlighting n Draw pictures to remember n Use pictures or symbols in the margin to remember n Draw a map or outline
Auditory Learners n Learn through listening and talking n Remember what they hear better than what they see
Auditory Learners: n Prefer to listen to instructions n Often like to talk on the phone or listen to music n Learn best if they can hear and see the assignment
Auditory Learning Techniques n Discuss what you have learned with others n Participate in study groups n Recite aloud n Teach others what you have learned n Use flash cards and say the items n Use music in the background if it does not distract you or use it as a break from studying
Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners n Learn through doing n Remember hands on activities n Use their hands to build, create, plant, draw or decorate
Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners: n Learn the assignment best by using physical activity
Kinesthetic/Tactile Learning Techniques n Read while walking or pacing n Study outside when practical n Take notes on lectures n Highlight or underline n Write summaries n Outline chapters n Think of practical applications
Activity: Complete the Learning Style Quiz in the Textbook
Brainstorm: Learning Techniques n Four groups: n Auditory n Visual n Tactile/kinesthetic n Combination types n What learning techniques match these preferences? Write them on the board.
Productivity Environmental Preference Survey (PEPS) n Elements of learning style n Environmental n Emotional n Sociological n Physical
Environmental n Sound n Light n Temperature n Design (formal or informal)
Emotional n Motivation n Persistence n Responsibility n Structure
Sociological n Alone/peer n Authority figures present n Several ways
Physical n Auditory n Visual n Tactile n Kinesthetic n Intake n Evening/morning n Late morning n Afternoon n Mobility
For review, what is your personality type? n Extravert or Introvert? n Sensing or Intuitive? n Thinking or Feeling? n Judging or Perceptive?
Extraverts n Learn best when in action n Value physical activity n Like to study with others
Extravert n Learn by talking. n Discuss what you have learned with others. n Like variety and action. Take frequent breaks and do something active.
Caution! n Extraverts can get so distracted by activity and socialization that the studying does not get done.
Introverts n Learn best by pausing to think n Value reading n Prefer to study individually n Need quiet for concentration
Introvert n Find a quiet place to study by yourself. n Plan to study for longer periods of time so you can concentrate. n Find places with minimal distractions such as the library. n Unplug the phone.
Caution! n This type may miss out on sharing ideas with others and the fun and social life of college.
Sensing n Seeks specific information n Memorizes facts n Values what is practical n Follows instructions n Likes hands-on experience n Wants clear assignments
Sensing n Good at mastering facts and details. n Think about practical applications to motivate yourself. n Ask, “How can I use this.”
Caution! n This type may miss the big picture or general outline by focusing too much on the facts and details. Make a general outline to see the relationship and meaning of the facts.
INtuitive n Seeks quick insights n Uses imagination to go beyond the facts n Values what is original n Likes theories n Reads between the lines n Independent thinkers
INtuitive n Good at learning concepts and theories n Ask yourself, “What is the main point?”
Caution! n Since this type focuses on general concepts and theories, they are likely to miss the details and facts. To learn the details, organize them into broad categories that have meaning for you.
Thinking n Wants objective material to study n Logic guides learning n Likes to critique new ideas n Finds flaws in an argument n Learns by challenge and debate n Wants logical presentations
Thinking n Thinking types are good at logic. n Ask yourself, “What do I think of these ideas?” n Debate or discuss your ideas with others. n Allow time to think and reflect on your studies.
Caution! n These types construct logical arguments and defend them. They may need to learn to respect the ideas of others, especially feeling types.
Feeling n Wants to be able to relate to the material personally n Personal values are important n Likes to please instructors n Learns by being supported and appreciated n Wants faculty who establish personal rapport with students
Feeling n Search for personal meaning to motivate yourself. n Help others to learn. n Whenever possible, choose classes that relate to your personal interests. n Find a comfortable environment for learning.
Caution! n This type may neglect studies because of time spent in helping others. n They may find it difficult to pay attention to material that is not personally meaningful.
Learning Strategies for Different Personality Types
Judging n Find ways to organize the material to learn it easier. n If possible, select instructors who present material in an organized way. n Set goals and use a schedule to motivate yourself. n Use a daily planner or to-do list.
Caution! n This type tends to be structured and controlled which can limit creativity. n They may be in conflict with others who are less organized. n They may be overachievers who get stressed easily.
Perceptive n Good at looking at the possibilities and keeping the options open. n Allow time to be thorough and complete your work. n Have fun while learning. n Study in groups with a mixture of perceptive and judging types.
Caution! n This type may work on too many projects at once. n Work on managing your time to meet deadlines.
NT n KnowledgeableClear n Logical ThinkingCreative n CompetentFreedom n AnalyticalInquisitive n Problem SolvingPrecise n Lab ExperiencesPraises Ingenuity n ChallengingThorough n AuthoritativeIntelligent
What if your personality does not match the teacher’s personality?
Notice your mental pictures and let them go! As if they were balloons floating away
What else? n Adapt n Tolerate n Appreciate n Understand n Communicate
Group Activity: Adapting to Different Teaching Styles
Free Write n Describe your learning style. n How does your personality affect your learning style? n How does learning style affect career choice? For example, if you are a judging type who is good at details and organization, what career would match this type?