9What worked best for you? AuditoryVisualOr kinesthetic?
10Visual Learners Learn through seeing and reading Prefer written directionsOften good readers
11Visual Learners Learn Best With: picturesillustrationsphotosgraphsdiagramsmaps
12Visual Learning Techniques Mental photograph or videoFlash cardsHighlightingDraw pictures to rememberUse pictures or symbols in the margin to rememberDraw a map or outline
13Auditory Learners Learn through listening and talking Remember what they hear better than what they see
14Auditory Learners: Prefer to listen to instructions Often like to talk on the phone or listen to musicLearn best if they can hear and see the assignment
15Auditory Learning Techniques Discuss what you have learned with othersParticipate in study groupsRecite aloudTeach others what you have learnedUse flash cards and say the itemsUse music in the background if it does not distract you or use it as a break from studying
16Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners Learn through doingRemember hands on activitiesUse their hands to build, create, plant, draw or decorate
17Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners: Learn the assignment best by using physical activity
18Kinesthetic/Tactile Learning Techniques Read while walking or pacingStudy outside when practicalTake notes on lecturesHighlight or underlineWrite summariesOutline chaptersThink of practical applications
19How does learning style affect career choice? For example, an architect would probably have a strong preference for visual learning. What would be the common learning preferences for most athletes?
20Activity: Complete the Learning Style Quiz in the Textbook
21Brainstorm: Learning Techniques Four groups:AuditoryVisualTactile/kinestheticCombination typesWhat learning techniques match these preferences? Write them on the board.
22Productivity Environmental Preference Survey (PEPS) Elements of learning styleEnvironmentalEmotionalSociologicalPhysicalNotice how these factors affect productivity at school as well as on the job.
23EnvironmentalSoundLightTemperatureDesign (formal or informal)
31For review, what is your personality type? Extravert or Introvert?Sensing or Intuitive?Thinking or Feeling?Judging or Perceptive?
32Learning Strategies for Different Personality Types
33Extraverts Learn best when in action Value physical activity Like to study with others
34Extravert Learn by talking. Discuss what you have learned with others. Like variety and action. Take frequent breaks and do something active.
35Caution!Extraverts can get so distracted by activity and socialization that the studying does not get done.
36Introverts Learn best by pausing to think Value reading Prefer to study individuallyNeed quiet for concentration
37Introvert Find a quiet place to study by yourself. Plan to study for longer periods of time so you can concentrate.Find places with minimal distractions such as the library.Turn off the phone.
38Caution!This type may miss out on sharing ideas with others and the fun and social life of college.
39Sensing Seeks specific information Memorizes facts Values what is practicalFollows instructionsLikes hands-on experienceWants clear assignments
40Sensing Good at mastering facts and details. Think about practical applications to motivate yourself.Ask, “How can I use this.”
41Caution!This type may miss the big picture or general outline by focusing too much on the facts and details. Make a general outline to see the relationship and meaning of the facts.
42INtuitive Seeks quick insights Uses imagination to go beyond the facts Values what is originalLikes theoriesReads between the linesIndependent thinkers
43INtuitive Good at learning concepts and theories Ask yourself, “What is the main point?”
44Caution!Since this type focuses on general concepts and theories, they are likely to miss the details and facts. To learn the details, organize them into broad categories that have meaning for you.
45Thinking Wants objective material to study Logic guides learning Likes to critique new ideasFinds flaws in an argumentLearns by challenge and debateWants logical presentations
46Thinking Thinking types are good at logic. Ask yourself, “What do I think of these ideas?”Debate or discuss your ideas with others.Allow time to think and reflect on your studies.
47Caution!These types construct logical arguments and defend them. They may need to learn to respect the ideas of others, especially feeling types.
48Feeling Wants to be able to relate to the material personally Personal values are importantLikes to please instructorsLearns by being supported and appreciatedWants faculty who establish personal rapport with students
49Feeling Search for personal meaning to motivate yourself. Help others to learn.Whenever possible, choose classes that relate to your personal interests.Find a comfortable environment for learning.
50Caution!This type may neglect studies because of time spent in helping others.They may find it difficult to pay attention to material that is not personally meaningful.
51Judging Find ways to organize the material to learn it easier. If possible, select instructors who present material in an organized way.Set goals and use a schedule to motivate yourself.Use a daily planner or to-do list.
52Caution!This type tends to be structured and controlled which can limit creativity.They may be in conflict with others who are less organized.They may be overachievers who get stressed easily.
53PerceptiveGood at looking at the possibilities and keeping the options open.Allow time to be thorough and complete your work.Have fun while learning.Study in groups with a mixture of perceptive and judging types.
54Caution! This type may work on too many projects at once. Work on managing your time to meet deadlines.
59Likes quiet time for thinking Likes problem solving Skeptical Analytic NT THINKERLikes quiet time for thinkingLikes problem solvingSkepticalAnalyticLogicalCurious
60Enjoys studying with others Enjoys helping others learn Enthusiastic NF GIVEREnjoys studying with othersEnjoys helping others learnEnthusiasticRomanticIntuitiveIntensiveAuthentic
61Organize the material to learn it Try highlighting or flash cards SJ ORGANIZEROrganize the material to learn itTry highlighting or flash cardsResponsibleHelpfulHard-workingLoyalTraditional
62Study in a variety of ways Keep on the move Develop games to memorize SP ADVENTURERStudy in a variety of waysKeep on the moveDevelop games to memorizeStudy with fun peoplePlayfulOptimisticDaringImpulsive
77Group Activity: Adapting to Different Teaching Styles
78Free Write Describe your learning style. How does your personality affect your learning style?How does learning style affect career choice? For example, if you are a judging type who is good at details and organization, what career would match this type?
83Three Factors Heredity Personal Life History Cultural and historical backgroundKey Idea: You can develop your multiple intelligences.
84Life HistoryCrystallizers promote the development of the intelligence.Paralyzers inhibit the development of the intelligence.What are some factors that affected your intelligences early in life?
85Your textbook provides an opportunity to explore your multiple intelligences. Use the access code to take the MI Advantage.
86Choose Your Career with Multiple Intelligence in Mind
87Build on Your Strengths Musical Listening to music Singing or playing an instrument Recognizing musical patterns Musical SmartCareers Disc Jockey Music Teacher Music Retailer Music Therapist Singer Song Writer Music Critic Music Lawyer
88Build on Your Strengths Interpersonal Communication Social skills Helping others Resolve conflicts People SmartCareers Cruise Director Mediator Human Resources Dental Hygienist Nurse Psychologist Social Worker Marketer Counselor
89Build on Your Strengths Logical-Mathematical Math aptitude Interest in science Problem solving Logical thinking Number SmartCareers Engineer Accountant Computer Analyst Physician Detective Researcher Scientist Economist
90Build on Your Strengths Spatial Visualization Navigation Reading Writing Picture SmartCareers Architect Artist Film animator Mechanic Pilot Webmaster Interior decorator Graphic artist Photographer
91Build on Your Strengths Careers Athlete Carpenter Craftsperson Mechanic Jeweler Computer game designer Firefighter Forest ranger Physical therapistBodily- Kinesthetic Hand and eye coordination Athletics Dance Drama Cooking Learning by doing Body Smart
92Build on Your Strengths Linguistic Reading Writing Vocabulary Spelling Good listener Good memory Word SmartCareers Journalist Writer Editor Attorney Curator Newscaster Politician Librarian Comedian
93Build on Your Strengths Careers Career counselor Wellness counselor Therapist Criminologist Intelligence officer Entrepreneur Researcher Actor ArtistIntrapersonal Self-aware Understand emotions Independent Self-motivated Self Smart
94Build on Your Strengths Careers Park ranger Dog trainer Landscaper Meteorologist Veterinarian Animal health technician Ecologist Wilderness guide Environmental lawyerNaturalist Aware of natural surroundings Preserve the environment Nature Smart
95Build on Your Strengths Existential Questioning Purpose of life Religious beliefs Curiosity SmartCareers Counselor Psychologist Psychiatrist Social worker Ministry Philosopher Artist Scientist Researcher
96Emotional Intelligence Interpersonal + Intrapersonal The ability to recognize, control, and evaluate your emotions while realizing how they affect other people
97Emotional Intelligence Two Parts:Understanding yourself, your goals, intentions, responses and behaviorUnderstanding others and their feelings
101Developing Emotional Intelligence Use empathy.Think about how your actions affect others.Be intellectually curious.Give others credit for their accomplishments.Work on stress management.Take a college course on verbal and nonverbal communication.Take responsibility for your actions.
102These intelligences work together in complex ways to make us unique individuals.