HAVE A CONVERSATION 7 And… Complete the sentence: I’m a good listener because…
BELIEVE… EVERYONE HAS A STORY TO TELL. EVERYONE’S STORY IS IMPORTANT. Elizabeth Rubin Anna Therese Day
P REPARE BY WRITING INTERVIEW Q UESTIONS ASK OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS VARY THE TYPES OF QUESTIONS YOU ASK WRITE MORE QUESTIONS THAN YOU THINK YOU’LL NEED (ESPECIALLY IF YOU ARE NEW TO JOURNALISM)
7 T YPES OF Q UESTIONS O PENING Q UESTION F ACTUAL Q UESTION P ROBING Q UESTION H YPOTHETICAL QUESTION G RAND T OUR Q UESTION E XAMPLE OR E XPERIENCE Q UESTION N ATIVE L ANGUAGE Q UESTION
C ONSIDER RECORDING YOUR INTERVIEW H OW DO YOU GO ABOUT ASKING FOR PERMISSION TO RECORD AN INTERVIEW ?
“DO YOU MIND IF I RECORD THIS INTERVIEW? I WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT MY ARTICLE IS 100 PERCENT ACCURATE.”
13 A SK FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONS AND B E PREPARED TO ALTER YOUR PLAN.
14 P LAN TO C OLLECT WAY MORE INFORMATION THAN YOU NEED. T HIS IS CALLED THE ICEBERG STRATEG Y.
The silent probe The echo probe The “uh-huh” probe 15 USE PROBES.
Is there anything else you would like to talk about that we have not addressed during this interview? If I need to reach you in the future, what would be the best way to contact you (ie. phone, in-person, through e-mail)? When would be the best time to contact you? Also, forge RAPPORT. Send a brief “thank you” e-mail. 16 F INAL I NTERVIEW Q UESTIONS
17 B E RESPECTFUL OF YOUR SOURCES S TART SCHEDULING YOUR INTERVIEWS AS SOON AS YOU GET YOUR ASSIGNMENT.
IF YOU INTEND TO INTRODUCE YOURSELF OR BOOK AN INTERVIEW THROUGH E-MAIL… Be professional in your word choice Proofread Explain what you’d like to discuss State your deadline 18
S OME INTERVIEWS ARE BETTER THAN OTHERS. On the Record Off the Record Not for Attribution On Background 19
20 E SPECIALLY IF YOU ARE NEW TO JOURNALISM Ask a classmate or editor for an introduction to a source. Bring a classmate or editor to your interview.
21 U SE IT TO YOUR ADVANTAGE Synergy = cooperative interaction among people or groups in which the outcome is greater than if the work had been done individually “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.”
22 GETTING THE I NTERVIEW / G ETTING THE P HOTO “I’m really interested in this topic and would love to learn more about it.” “I know this article would be so much stronger with your photo.” “It’s my first article/first year as editor. I really want to do a great job.” “I need this article to get a good grade.” “Ms. Pastor/my editor is really strict about deadlines.”
23 “GET EXCITED!” -EMMA FLUSK Your work as a journalist is EXTREMELY important. This year has the potential to be WONDERFUL. COMMUNICATE to your editors and Ms. Pastor what you need. “DON’T FORGET TO HAVE FUN.” -JAY HEUBERT (& HIS WIFE)