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Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network The Hidden Curriculum: What Is It and Why Should I Teach It? Allegheny Intermediate Unit Training.

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Presentation on theme: "Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network The Hidden Curriculum: What Is It and Why Should I Teach It? Allegheny Intermediate Unit Training."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network The Hidden Curriculum: What Is It and Why Should I Teach It? Allegheny Intermediate Unit Training and Consultation Adapted from, Tina Lawson Donna Salkin Pattan Paraeducator VideoConference Series

2 PaTTAN’s Mission The Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network is an initiative of the Pennsylvania Department of Education working in partnership with families and local education agencies to support programs and services to improve student learning and achievement.

3 PDE’s Commitment to Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) Recognizing that the placement decision is an Individualized Education Program (IEP) team decision, our goal for each child is to ensure IEP teams begin with the general education setting with the use of supplementary aids and services before considering a more restrictive environment.

4 Local Policy Your local school district, IU, preschool or employing agency’s policies regarding paraeducator job descriptions, duties, and responsibilities provide the final word!

5 AGENDA  Welcome  The Hidden Curriculum  Identifying the Hidden Curriculum  Strategies for Teaching the Hidden Curriculum

6 Learner Outcomes Participants will: Define the hidden curriculum Name an environment in which the hidden curriculum operates List 3 strategies for helping students to understand the hidden curriculum

7 Hidden Curriculum A term used to describe the unwritten rules and expectations of behavior that we all seem to know, but were never taught Bieber, 1994

8 The Hidden Curriculum What are some social skills that students just seem to learn without being taught?

9 Hidden Curriculum When you’re ready to say: I shouldn’t have to tell you… Everyone knows that… Common sense tells us… It should be obvious that… Myles, 2004, with permission

10 Hidden Curriculum When your teacher gives you a warning about behavior and you continue the behavior, you are probably going to get into trouble. Do not tell other students they smell and they need to wear deodorant.

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12 Hidden Curriculum Just because the bell rang, that doesn’t mean the teacher is finished teaching. If a classmate tells you to do something that might get you in trouble, tell them to do it themselves.

13 Hidden Curriculum When a teacher tells another student to stop talking, it’s not a good idea to start talking. When you hear another person using incorrect grammar, do not correct every time.

14 Hidden Curriculum Different teachers have different rules. When another child is getting in trouble, it’s not a good time to show the teacher something. Do not draw violent scenes at school.

15 Hidden Curriculum When you are taking a shower in a group setting, do not sustain eye contact or watch other people. When you are with classmates or coworkers, do not pick your nose, pass gas, or scratch a private body part.

16 The Hidden Curriculum Can include words: Shut up Fat Take your time What other words or phrases might have two meanings?

17 The Hidden Curriculum Can also include body language: Smiles Frowns Eye rolling Finger pointing What other body language might students have to read?

18 Hidden Curriculum Differs across: Age Gender People Cultures What are some other examples of the Hidden Curriculum?

19 Hidden Curriculum What most students just “know” in the first few days of school, you may have to teach What is cool to wear and what is a “no no” Which teachers allow gum chewing When you can curse! What else might you have to teach?

20 Does this person need instruction in the hidden curriculum?

21 The Hidden Curriculum Gym Church/synagogue/mosque Funeral Home School assembly Police Station ACTIVITY

22 Does this person need instruction in the hidden curriculum?

23 Hidden Curriculum Eating: Chew with your mouth closed Keep your food in your mouth Put your napkin on your lap, not under your chin Do not eat someone else’s food without asking Don’t blow your nose in the napkin Do not put ketchup on everything…it may gross out others Burping out loud is not nice

24 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Before teaching begins: Assess the environment List the expectations Decide what information the student needs to learn Identify situations that may alter the environment Devise a method for teaching the skill

25 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Teacher-Pleasing behaviors: Expectations Pleasing behavior Likes and dislikes A look “might mean: time to work, or that’s correct, or I am not pleased, etc” Each teacher will have different characteristics

26 Does this person need instruction in the hidden curriculum?

27 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Social skills must be: taught in a direct and explicit manner just like you teach academic skills practiced just like you practice your golf swing!

28 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum REMEMBER: If you are ready to discipline a student for a social error… ASK YOURSELF: Have I taught and practiced the skill the student needs? _____________ is from the Greek word meaning ___________!

29 A Social Skill Lesson

30 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum SAFE PERSON Understands the student’s characteristics and perspective Respects the student and can listen without interrupting and judging Knows when to listen and when to offer advice Understands triggers that can lead to a meltdown Brenda Smith Myles 2004

31 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Teach phrases that will get students the information they need from the Safe Person: What does_______mean? Help me understand…. When (person) says/does _____, what do they mean? Show me a better way to…

32 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum S SeekSeek to understand all aspects of the Hidden Curriculum O ObserveObserve what people are doing and NOT doing L ListenListen to what people are saying and NOT saying V VocalizeVocalize…ask questions, check for understanding E EducateEducate…teach and learn Knowledge is power! SOLVE Strategy Myles, 2004, with permission

33 Does this person need instruction in the hidden curriculum?

34 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Clothing Generally, pajamas should not be worn outside When you are in public, go to the bathroom to adjust your underclothing Do not take off your clothes in public no matter how hot you are

35 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Power Card Strategy Script Brief scenario written at the child’s comprehension level using a favorite hero or special interest Power Card A business or trading card containing a picture of the special interest and solution to the problem

36 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Chef Jean-Paul wants you to choose one of the following ways to help calm yourself: 1.Take 5 deep breaths, exhaling slowly after each breath. 2.Close your eyes and slowly count from Listen to your favorite CD with your headphones on. 4.Go to a quiet place and look at cooking magazines.

37 Power Card Lesson

38 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Name RatingLooks likeFeels likeI can try The Incredible 5 Point Scale Buron, K.D. & Curtus,M. (2004)

39 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum Name RatingLooks likeFeels likeI can try 5 Kicking or hittingMy head will probably explode Call my mom go home 4 Screaming and almost hitting NervousGo to see Mr. Peterson 3 Quiet sometime rude talk Bad mood or grumpyStay away from other kids 2 Regular kid not weird GoodEnjoy it while it lasts 1 Playing hockeyA million bucksStay that way The Incredible 5 Point Scale Buron, K.D. & Curtus,M. (2004)

40 Teaching the Hidden Curriculum The Incredible 5 Point Scale 5I NEED TO LEAVE 4I NEED SOME SPACE 3PLEASE DO NOT TALK TO ME 2I AM A LITTLE NERVOUS 1I CAN HANDLE THIS! Buron, K.D. & Curtus,M. (2004)

41 Hidden Curriculum References Buron, K.D. & Curtus,M. (2004). The Incredible 5-Point Scale: Assisting student s with autism spectrum disorders in understanding social interactions and controlling their emotions. Shawnee Mission, KS: Autism Asperger Publishing Company. Gagnon, E. (2001) The Power Card Strategy: Using Special Interests to Motivate Children and Youth with Aspergers Syndrome. Shawnee Mission, KS: Autism Asperger Publishing Company. Myles, B.S.,Trautman, M.L., &Schelvan, R.L. (2004). The Hidden Curriculum: Practical Solutions for Understanding Unstated Rules in Social Situations. Winner, Michelle Garcia. (2002) Thinking About You Thinking Thinking About Me. San Jose, CA: Michelle G. Winner Publisher.

42 Outcomes Participants will: Define the hidden curriculum Name an environment in which the hidden curriculum operates List 3 strategies for helping students to understand the hidden curriculum

43 Please check the PaTTAN website: Upcoming Paraeducator Training

44 Contact Information Tina Lawson Donna Salkin Allegheny Intermediate Unit Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Edward G. Rendell, Governor Pennsylvania Department of Education Gerald L. Zahorchak, D.Ed., Secretary Diane Castelbuono, Deputy Secretary Office of Elementary and Secondary Education John J. Tommasini, Director Bureau of Special Education Patricia Hozella, Assistant Director Bureau of Special Education


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