Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network (PaTTAN) April 28, 2009 Credential of Competency Standard # 10: Collaboration
Pennsylvania’s Commitment to Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) Recognizing that the placement decision is an Individualized Education Program (IEP) team decision, our goal for each child is to ensure IEP teams begin with the general education setting with the use of Supplementary Aids and Services before considering a more restrictive environment.
NEWS FLASH!! Effective April 1, 2009, PA Department of Education, Bureau of Special Education will only accept Competency Assessment Checklists with original signatures from the supervisor or designee. This means blue ink Previous signatures can be initialed in blue ink by supervisor or designee
District, IU, Preschool, Agency Policy Your local district’s policies regarding paraeducator job descriptions, duties, and responsibilities provide the final word!
Standard #10: Collaboration K1. Common concerns of families of individuals with exceptional learning needs. K2. Roles of stakeholders in planning an individualized program. S1. Assist in collecting and providing objective, accurate information to professionals. S2. Collaborate with stakeholders as directed. S3. Foster respectful and beneficial relationships. S4. Participate as directed in conferences as members of the educational team. S5. Function in a manner that demonstrates a positive regard for the distinctions between roles and responsibilities of paraeducators and those of professionals.
Agenda Roles and Responsibilities of Stakeholders in Planning an Individualized Education Program (IEP) Fostering Respectful and Beneficial Relationships Including Understanding Common Concerns of Families Collaboration: Working as a Team! Being a Positive and Contributing Member of the School Community
Learner Outcomes Participants will: Know roles of all participants, including paraprofessionals, in planning an individualized program for a student with a disability. Recognize common concerns of families of individuals with exceptional learning needs. Assist in collecting and providing objective, accurate information to professionals. Collaborate with stakeholders as directed. Foster respectful and beneficial relationships. Function in a manner that demonstrates a positive regard for the distinctions between roles and responsibilities of paraeducators and those of professionals.
The Individualized Education Program Your Role in the IEP Process…
The IEP Process How do students qualify for Special Education? Evaluation Referral Evaluation Team Gather Information Write Evaluation Report
The IEP Process Determining eligibility The Evaluation Team answers two questions: 1.Does the child have a disability? 2.Does the child need specially designed instruction?
Disability Categories Autism Deaf-blindness Deafness Emotional Disturbance Hearing Impairment Mental Retardation Multiple Disabilities Orthopedic Impairment Other Health Impairment Specific Learning Disability Speech/Language Impairment Traumatic Brain Injury Visual Impairment
The IEP Process IEP Development: The Evaluation Report (ER) Includes information about: Where the student is now What the student’s strengths are now What the students needs are now
The IEP Process IEP Development: The Special Education Program The IEP: Outlines goals and supports needed for the student to live, work, and play in the community Is directly related to the general education curriculum
The IEP Process How is the IEP Developed? Based on the Evaluation Report Written by the IEP Team Paraeducator’s role IEP Form
The IEP Process IEP Development: The IEP Team Special Education Teacher Regular Education Teacher Parents LEA Representative Student if appropriate Vo-tech rep., if appropriate
The IEP Process Writing the IEP Look at Evaluation Report Where the child is presently functioning Determine annual goals and short term objectives
The IEP Process Writing the IEP Decide what supports are needed Discuss where services will be provided
The IEP Process The Paraeducator’s Role May attend meetings May provide information for team
The IEP Process IEP Implementation What is taught Where it is taught How it is taught Who teaches it Paraeducator’s role
The IEP Process Progress Monitoring Data is gathered to: See if students are on track to meet their goals Adjust instruction if not on track Make decisions at IEP meetings Report progress to parents
The IEP Process Reevaluation Use data collected during Progress monitoring IEP team decides if additional information is needed Report is written and used to write a new IEP
The IEP Process Let’s take a brief look at some of the important parts of the IEP form…
Fostering Respectful and Beneficial Relationships With Families
Interacting with Families Importance of Families They know the child best. They are involved with the child’s educational program throughout their entire school career. They have responsibility for the child’s care and well-being.
Interacting with Families Role of the Family Informed decision makers in all aspects of special education program planning Equal and important team members regarding decisions about their child’s education
Interacting with Families Families and Educators Working Together Parents can be an educator’s greatest ally. The special education process is complex. It is critical to share a focus on instructional goals to promote the student’s independence.
Interacting with Families In the Classroom Be sure parents know who you are and who the teacher is. Be friendly and professional. Defer questions about child’s education to the teacher. Before sending home-school communication books home, have teachers review items written by you.
Interacting with Families Before, during, and after school Be prepared for questions or discussions outside of the school day!
Interacting with Families Tools for Challenging Situations Anticipate situations Collect ideas for what to do or say
Interacting with Families Families want information or help. Families share information with you. Families ask you to do something in the classroom that is not consistent with the student’s written plan You perceive that families are angry or upset.
Interacting with Families Challenging Situation #1: The family asks you for information about educational progress.
Interacting with Families Challenging Situation #2: The family wants your help.
Interacting with Families Challenging Situation #3: The family shares personal information with you.
Interacting with Families Challenging Situation #4: The family directs you how to do something related to the child’s educational plan.
Interacting with Families Challenging Situation #5: Families confront you with statements expressing dissatisfaction or anger.
Positive Things to Say: I enjoy working with your child. Sam always tries his best. We are all proud of his accomplishments. Sally is helpful to her classmates. Joe is always willing to try something new.
Interacting with Families Avoid judgment or opinions and decisions of families Anticipate situations and consider possible responses Remove yourself from conflict situations or seek help from your partner teacher You are an important person in the lives of many children.
Resolving Conflicts (cont.) Use “I” messages the feeling the situation the reason “I feel__________when________ because____________.”
Resolving Conflicts (cont.) Find a good time to talk Listen carefully, speak carefully Take the time to get at the real problem Focus on what you can do to solve the conflict Take action and evaluate the situation over time
Collaboration: Problem-Solving Five-Step Problem-Solving Process 1.Identify and describe the problem 2.Determine the cause of the problem 3.Decide on a goal and identify alternative solutions 4.Select a course of action 5.Implement and evaluate the solution
Resolving Conflicts (cont.) Once an issue has been resolved LET IT GO! And help things get back to normal
What We Can Learn From Geese? —excerpted from What Do You Think? by Darrell Sifford
Learner Outcomes Participants will: Recognize common concerns of families of individuals with exceptional learning needs. Know roles of all participants, including paraprofessionals, in planning an individualized program for a student with a disability. Assist in collecting and providing objective, accurate information to professionals. Collaborate with stakeholders as directed. Foster respectful and beneficial relationships. Function in a manner that demonstrates a positive regard for the distinctions between roles and responsibilities of paraeducators and those of professionals.
Summer Paraeducator Institute August 18-19, 2009 PaTTAN King of Prussia PaTTAN Harrisburg PaTTAN Pittsburgh Selected Downlink sites 2 ½ hours of training each morning and afternoon for a total of 10 hours
Afterschool Videoconferences October 13, 2009 November 17, 2009 February 10, 2010 March 10, 2010 April 28, 2010 4:15-6:15 pm
Edward G. Rendell Gerald L. Zahorchak, D.Ed. Governor Secretary Diane Castelbuono, Deputy Secretary Office of Elementary and Secondary Education John J. Tommasini, Director Bureau of Special Education Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistance Network Contact Information: Name of Consultant, Email address www.pattan.net