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Satire Unit English IV. What is satire?  An art form (literary, dramatic, visual) that uses humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize.

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Presentation on theme: "Satire Unit English IV. What is satire?  An art form (literary, dramatic, visual) that uses humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize."— Presentation transcript:

1 Satire Unit English IV

2 What is satire?  An art form (literary, dramatic, visual) that uses humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, and/or society itself into improvement or reform.  What does this mean? Put it in your own words.  What is a vice? What is a folly?  Although satire is usually humorous, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism, using wit as a weapon and as a tool to draw attention to both particular and wider issues in society.  Tina Fey as Sarah Palin—as you watch, consider what it is that Tina Fey is satirizing. Tina Fey as Sarah Palin  Teenage Affluenza—as you watch, consider what it is that is being satirized. Teenage Affluenza

3 Satire and the Law  The relations of satirists to the law have always been delicate and complex.  In the United States, satirists attack individuals only at the risk of severe financial loss to himself and his publisher.  In totalitarian countries he risks imprisonment or death.  Under extreme conditions satire against the reigning order is out of the question.  Such was the case in the Soviet Union and most other communist countries. For example, a poet was sent to a concentration camp and his death for composing a satirical poem on Stalin.Soviet Union  Why would the law care about satire?

4 Main types of satire  Juvenalian: any bitter and ironic criticism with personal attacks, angry and moral indignation, and pessimism  Horatian: meant to delight and humor using laughter and ridicule in a non- accusatory manner to highlight vice and folly

5 Satirical Techniques  Exaggeration/hyperbole  Distortion/reversal  Understatement  Invective/diatribe  Pun/malapropism  Incongruity  Parody/allegory  Sarcasm

6 Exaggeration/hyperbole  Exaggeration is a statement that represents something as better or worse than it really is.  Hyperbole is exaggeration to a degree of being impossible. South Park Clip

7 Distortion/reversal  Distortion changes the perspective of a condition or event by isolation or by stressing some aspects and deemphasizing others. Bush Clip  Reversal – to present the opposite of normal order. Ex. A baby makes the decision in the family. Ex. The Affluenza clip

8 Understatement  The opposite of exaggeration. Something is given far less concern, weight, or importance than is required/expected.  Jonathan Swift: "Last Week I saw a Woman flay'd, and you will hardly believe, how much it altered her Person for the worse“ Monty Python Example

9 Invective/Diatribe  A direct, angry attack in the hope of eliminating what the satirist regards as undesirable conditions, attitudes, and behavior

10 Pun  Pun – a word employed in two or more senses, or a word used in a context that suggests a second term sounding like it.

11 Malapropism  Malapropism – a deliberate mispronunciation of a term with the intent of poking fun.  "The police are not here to create disorder, they're here to preserve disorder." - Richard Daley, former mayor of Chicago  "He was a man of great statue." - Thomas Menino, mayor of Boston  "Texas has a lot of electrical votes." (electoral votes) - Yogi Berra  "Well, that was a cliff-dweller." (cliff-hanger) - Wes Westrum  "Be sure and put some of those neutrons on it." (croutons) - Mike Smith  "It's got lots of installation." (insulation) - Mike Smith speaking about a new coat  "Create a little dysentery among the ranks." (dissension) - Christopher Moltisanti from "The Sopranos"  "This is unparalyzed in the state's history." (unparelled) - Gib Lewis, Texas Speaker of the House

12 Incongruity  To present things that are out of place or absurd in relation to its surroundings. Ex. The incongruity in Shrek is that a donkey named Donkey lived with an ogre. This is incongruity because ogres are typically gruesome and mean and the donkey thinks he's a friend

13 Parody/allegory  To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing in order to ridicule the original. For parody/allegory to be successful, the reader must know the original text that is being ridiculed. This is Spinal Tap Clip

14 Sarcasm  The use of irony to mock or convey contempt Ex. The South Park Clip


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