3SatireThe use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc. In film and literature, it is most commonly used to point out societal flaws.
4The necessary ingredients HumorCriticism, either general criticism of humanity or human nature or specific criticism of an individual or groupSome kind of moral voice: simply mocking or criticizing is not “satire”
5Justification for Satire Satire is usually justified as a corrective of human vice and folly. The aim of satireto ridicule the fault or failing of the individual, rather than the individual personto target only those faults that are correctable, not those for which the individual is not responsible.
6The Satiric Manner Ironic/Sarcastic Either good natured criticism (Horatian after Horace) or bitterly cynical denunciation (Juvenalian after Juvenal)Always opposed to pretense, affectation, and hypocrisy
7Satire v. Comedy Satire differs from comedy Comedy evokes laughter mainly as an end in itself, while satire deridesSatire uses laughter as a weapon, and against the butt - an object - that exists outside the work itself.
8Gentle and humorous satire is called “Horatian Satire” after the writing style of the Roman poet Horace. One of the characteristics of Horatian satire is that it includes a higher percentage of humor.Heavy or biting satire called “Juvenalian Satire” after the Roman poet Juvenal.Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels is a Horatian Satire but his “Modest Proposal” is Juvenalian Satire.
9The Four Elements of Satire ExaggerationTo enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous, and its faults can be seen.
10The Four Elements of Satire IncongruityTo present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to its surroundings.
11The Four Elements of Satire ReversalTo present the opposite of the normal order (e.g., the order of events, hierarchical order).
12The Four Elements of Satire Parody-To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing.
13While viewing the following clip, look for elements that depart from the characteristics of the typical fairy tale that we just discussed. Make note of them in your journal.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqafBgPWzA0
14Check your work Exaggeration Incongruity Princess Fiona fights and successfully defeats Robin Hood and all of his Merry Men without any help and without any weapons.IncongruityPrincess Fiona uses her ponytail to deliver a knockout punch to one of the Merry Men. While frozen in a mid-air martial arts kick, Princess Fiona pauses to fix her disheveled hair before knocking out two of the Merry Men.
15ReversalThe roles of the hero and the damsel in distress have been reversed. In this clip, it is Princess Fiona, the rescuee, who fights and defeats the foe.ParodyThe fight scene is an exaggerated imitation of the martial arts style and special effects used in movies such as The Matrix and Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon.
16Let’s IdentifyDetermine which element of satire from the following clips from Shrek (2001):https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVGpnn3mXTk (fight)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X81AoBcVnaA (Duloc)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=56PdNaZEsrU (song)
17AnalyzeChoose ONE clip and write a SEE-set in which you explain the elements of satire used and the author’s purpose.A fully developed explanation must address what societal flaw(s) the author is pointing out and why.