Presentation on theme: "Satire, Irony, Sarcasm and more fun"— Presentation transcript:
1 Satire, Irony, Sarcasm and more fun Isn’t it ironic?Satire, Irony, Sarcasm and more fun
2 What’s the difference?Sarcasm- often an exaggerated form of irony. It’s more obvious and meant to hurt someoneIrony- is usually directed at a situation and usually isn’t meant to hurt. Not meant to improve things, merely to observe the ridiculous situations people find themselves inSatire- ridiculing human weakness in order to bring about change- ultimately most satire is trying to draw attention to a situation in order to bring about change
3 Satire A literary genre that uses irony, wit, and sometimes sarcasm to mock. Often shows problems with society, sometimes hopes to change them. Common targets of satire include individuals ("personal satire"), types of people, social groups, institutions, and human nature. Like tragedy and comedy, satire is often a mode of writing introduced into various l iterary forms; it is only a genre when it is the governing principle of a work. Same with IronyTwo major typesIndirect- satire is communicated through characters in a situation- Ex. Huck FinnDirect-satire is directly statedJuvenalian- attacking, bitter, angry- SickoHoratian- lighthearted, intended for fun- SNL sketches. Jay Leno
4 Common Techniques of Satire Exaggeration- to enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal so that it becomes ridiculous and it’s faults can be seenExample “chastity belt” in Men in TightsSub-type: Caricature- an exaggeration or distortion of an individual’s features or characteristics so extreme that the person looks ridiculousThink Obama’s ears on political cartoonsIncongruity- presenting things out of place or absurd in relation to their surroundingsExample- combat boots on a prom queen
5 More characteristics of satire Burlesque- imitating a serious work in a mocking wayExample- mockumentaries, The Colbert Report, South ParkParody- a type of burlesque imitating the techniques or style of a particular work or author for comic effect, usually to ridicule or criticize the work, author or style. Can also apply to film, songs and paintings.Example- Austin Powers, Dance Flick, SpaceballsReversal- the opposite of the normal way of doing thingsExample- the girl rescuing the boy, Shrek
6 Basic Definition of Irony Irony- a contradiction or incongruity between appearance/expectation and reality Events, situations, even how something is structured can all be ironic. When used repeatedly, an ironic tone can be created.
7 Types of Irony Verbal (rhetorical) Irony- Most common Meant to be an obvious discrepancy in what a speaker says and what they believeOften they say the exact opposite of what they meanExamples- “funny as a heart attack”“clear as mud” “oh yeah, I had a great day”
8 Situational IronyCreated by events or situations rather than statements.People involved may not understand the irony.Examples-“Gift of the Magi”,the myth of King Midaswinning the lottery and dying the next day- a la Alanis Morisette’s “Ironic”
9 Types of Situational Irony Dramatic Irony- when the audience knows more than the characters doWiley Coyote and RoadrunnerSoap operasTragic Irony- the consequences of the character’s ignorance is catastrophicHamlet’s murder of PoloniusSocratic Irony- pretending to be dumb to ask innocent questions and get your opponent to wind up agreeing with youUsed in legal-show interrogations
11 Structural IronySomething separate from plot, but which creates a discrepancy to get audiences to question surface statements or appearancesOften done by using a naïve or unreliable narrator. Readers distrust the narrator’s perceptionsExample-SNL sketchesDaily Show/Colbert ReportThe Great Gatsby
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