Presentation on theme: "Welcome and Introduction"— Presentation transcript:
1 Welcome and Introduction byRam S. JakhuConference Chair16 March 2015
2Purpose of this presentation The purpose of this presentation is to set the stage for deliberations at the 3rd Manfred Lachs Conference on the theme of NewSpace Commercialization and the Law.I intend to explain briefly:the rationale,the objectivesome basic facts and trends, andthe format of the Conference
3Rationale of the Conference The term ‘NewSpace’ is commonly used within the industry, regulatory and policy circles pertaining to new commercial space activities.Although difficult to precisely define, several themes appear to apply clearly to the NewSpace movement: disruptive technologies, entrepreneurship, privately held companies, individual access to and settlement of space and exploitation of space resources.Charles Stotler will be presenting an excellent paper on the meaning and scope of the term NewSpace.According to Dr. Joseph Pelton, NewSpace is much more than new commercial space activities.
4Rationale of the Conference NewSpace ventures exist across spectra of sizes, structures and funding sources, ranging amongst:(a) truly new start-ups, some working out of their garages, some backed by venture capitalists and others funded by Public-Private Partnerships, including companies such as Nanoracks, Skybox, and Made In Space;(b) new enterprises with billion dollar backing such as Bigelow Aerospace, Blue Origin, SpaceX and Virgin Galactic;(c) older enterprises finding new traction in a newly commercialized era & benefiting from new technologies, including companies such as Orbital Sciences, Boeing and Lockheed Martin;
5Rationale of the Conference (d) new alliances of newer & older players, like Stratolaunch & Blue Origin’s partnership with United Launch Alliance; and(e) non-space companies making inroads into the NewSpace paradigm, such as Google’s recent purchase of Skybox, illustrating that space and technologies developed in space have the potential to affect every aspect of life on Earth.NewSpace commercialization is making space less rocket scienceThrough innovative technologies, new business initiatives, new players, new production techniques and new products, NewSpace revives unresolved legal issues & brings forth new legal challengesLegal and regulatory certainty is imperative for enabling NewSpace as it has been for the expansion of OldSpace.
6Some basic facts and trends Private sector already operates more satellites than governmentsUCS: Satellite Quick Facts(launches through 31 January 2015)Total number of operating satellites: 1,265US:528Russia: 131China: 132Other: 474LEO:669MEO:94Elliptical: 37GEO: 465
7Commercial space sector is expanding rapidly Global space economy grew from $164 billion in 2004 to $320 billion in 2013.
8Signs of a Satellite Internet Gold Rush in Burst of ITU Filings Peter B. de Selding , (January 23, 2015):Canada: CANPOL-2 up to 72 satellites in different orbits & in VHF-, UHF-, X- & Ka-bandCanada: COMSTELLATION, 794 satellites in LEO in Ka-bandFrance: Thales Group’s MCSat, between 800 & 4,000 satellites in different orbits & in Ku- & Ka-bandLiechtenstein: 3ECOM-1, 264 satellites using Ku- & Ka-bandNorway: ASK-1, 10 satellites in elliptical orbit in X-, Ku-, Ka-bandNorway: STEAM-1, 4,257 satellites in Ku-bandUS: OneWeb to build a 650-satellite constellationUS: SpaceX to build a 4,000-satellite constellation“The coordination procedures will be problematic,” one ITU official said
9Significant increase in smallsats (cubesats) Euroconsult: Approximately 510 small satellites worth $7.4bn are planned for launch in the next five years (2 March 2015)
10Emerging legal and regulatory issues related to: Shortage of radio frequencies, orbital slots & jammingExpanding space debris, debris mitigation, debris removalSmall satellites, licencing, radio frequency allocationsIncreasing space militarization, space weaponization, commercial satellites for military purposesNew and private space transportation systems and human space travel (space tourism)Launch and operation of private space stationsProperty rights and licencing for mining of the Moon and asteroids by private companiesAttracting adequate funding and risk managementEtc. etc.
11Increasing Space Treaties, National Laws & Regulations OECD-The Space Economy at a Glance - Oct 2014 Still there is a need to do more to fill-in the lacunae, to lower regulatory barriers, to increase efficiency of regulations, and to facilitate all space enterprises, especially those that attempt to join in the NewSpace movement.
12Objective of the Conference The objective of the Conference is:to provide an enabling environment for serious, international and interdisciplinary deliberations on all relevant aspects of NewSpace Commercialization and the Law.There will be presentations related to the state of the art in current and future NewSpace activities, and the challenges they pose in terms of space policy, law and regulation.Particularly, it will seek solutions to the unsolved legal issues in order to facilitate the expansion of NewSpace activities and to promote a responsible use of space by all stakeholders.
13Format of the Conference During the Conference, there will be 6 plenaries and 4 breakout sessions.The final concluding plenary session will be in the form of a roundtable discussion between the chairs of the previous sessions. They will present the main points of their respective sessions.There will be about 90 participants attending this Conference.There will be about 50 papers presented.The presentations will consist of papers selected from the abstracts received and the remaining are invited papers.
14Format of the Conference Speakers are not expected to represent their countries and employers.Selected papers of the highest quality will be published in an edited book.More importantly, the papers from the Conference will be a part of the input into the “International Study on Global Space Governance," which is being conducted at the McGill Institute of Air and Space Law. This study is being coordinated & will be edited by Dr. Joseph Pelton and me. The Conference is a joint venture of 14 institutions from various countries.The Conference is financially supported by the Eric J C Arsenault Fund at the Faculty of Law.
15Finally my sincere thanks to: All the members of the Conference Program Committee;All Collaborating Institutions; andICAO for allowing us the use of these excellent facilities.Special thanks to:The Eric J. C. Arsenault FoundationProf. Paul DempseyDr. Joseph PeltonDr. Jinyuan SuMs. Maria D’AmicoMr. David Kuan-Wei ChenDr. Cassandra SteerAND to all the speakers for their time & effort in preparing their papers and travelling to Montreal.Without you all, this Conference would have not taken place.
16THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION SAVE THE DATE FOR:4th Manfred Lachs International ConferenceMay 26-28, 2016IASL, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.