Presentation on theme: "It’s time to learn about... Stoichiometry: Limiting Reagents At the conclusion of our time together, you should be able to: 1. Determine the limiting."— Presentation transcript:
Stoichiometry: Limiting Reagents At the conclusion of our time together, you should be able to: 1. Determine the limiting reagent 2. Use the limiting reagent to determine the amount of product produced in a reaction 3. Determine the excess amount(s) in the reaction
Limiting Reactant Most of the time in chemistry we have more of one reactant than we need to completely use up other reactant. excess That reactant is said to be in excess (there is too much). limiting reactant The other reactant limits how much product we get. Once it runs out, the reaction ’s. This is called the limiting reactant.
Limiting Reactant all a each To find the correct amount of product produced, we have to try all of the reactants. We have to calculate how much of a product we can get from each of the reactants to determine which reactant is the limiting one. The lower amount of a product is the correct answer. The lower amount of a product is the correct answer. limiting reactant The reactant that makes the least amount of product is the limiting reactant. Once you determine the limiting reactant, you should ALWAYS start with it! Be sure to pick a product! You can’t compare to see which is greater and which is lower unless the product is the same! Be sure to pick a product! You can’t compare to see which is greater and which is lower unless the product is the same!
Limiting Reactant: Page 18 Combustion of propane:
Finding the Amount of Excess – Page 18 By calculating the amount of the excess reactant needed to completely react with the limiting reactant, we can subtract that amount from the given amount to find the amount of excess.
Limiting Reactant: Recap 1. You can recognize a limiting reactant problem because there is MORE THAN ONE GIVEN AMOUNT. 2. Convert ALL of the reactants to the SAME product (pick any product you choose.) 3. The lowest answer is the correct answer. 4. The reactant that gave you the lowest answer is the LIMITING REACTANT. 5. The other reactant(s) are in EXCESS. 6. To find the amount of excess, subtract the amount used from the given amount. 7. If you have to find more than one product, be sure to start with the limiting reactant. You don’t have to determine which is the LR over and over again!
Stoichiometry: Limiting Reagents Let’s see if you can: 1. Determine the limiting reagent 2. Use the limiting reagent to determine the amount of product produced in a reaction 3. Determine the excess amount(s) in the reaction
In the lab where you combined iron (II) with sulfur, if 5.00 g of iron is combined with 5.00 g of sulfur, what is the limiting reagent and how much excess reagent is left? 5.00 g Fex 1 mol Fe 55.85 g Fe = 0.0895 mol Fe Fe + S FeS 5.00 g Sx 1 mol S 32.07 g S = 0.156 mol S
0.0895 mol Fe + 0.156 mol S FeS The ratio must be 1:1, therefore Fe is limiting and will combine with 0.0895 mol S to produce 0.0895 mol of FeS 0.0895 mol Sx 32.07 g S 1 mol S = 2.87 g S used 5.00 g S – 2.87 g S used = 2.13 g excess S