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Royal Georgia. Beginnings of a Royal Colony Georgia did very well as a royal colony. Georgia did very well as a royal colony. Georgia added a great deal.

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Presentation on theme: "Royal Georgia. Beginnings of a Royal Colony Georgia did very well as a royal colony. Georgia did very well as a royal colony. Georgia added a great deal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Royal Georgia

2 Beginnings of a Royal Colony Georgia did very well as a royal colony. Georgia did very well as a royal colony. Georgia added a great deal to the British economy. Georgia added a great deal to the British economy. They exported rice, indigo, deerskins, lumber, beef, and pork. They exported rice, indigo, deerskins, lumber, beef, and pork.

3 Beginnings of a Royal Colony Georgia officially became a royal colony when the Trustee period ended in Georgia officially became a royal colony when the Trustee period ended in This meant that the Crown of England oversaw the control of Georgia. This meant that the Crown of England oversaw the control of Georgia. Parliament had to pass a charter in order for Georgia to become an official royal colony. Parliament had to pass a charter in order for Georgia to become an official royal colony.

4 Beginnings of a Royal Colony This process began in 1752, after Parliament dismissed the trustees. This process began in 1752, after Parliament dismissed the trustees. It took two years for the charter to go through Parliament. It took two years for the charter to go through Parliament. Georgia did not get its first official governor until Georgia did not get its first official governor until 1754.

5 Royal Governors John Reynolds was Georgia’s first royal governor. John Reynolds was Georgia’s first royal governor. He governed from 1754 to He governed from 1754 to The British Parliament recalled Reynolds in 1757 and said that he was ineffective. The British Parliament recalled Reynolds in 1757 and said that he was ineffective. John Reynolds was a former naval officer and did not have the political skills to govern well. John Reynolds was a former naval officer and did not have the political skills to govern well.

6 Royal Governors He angered his cabinet and divided the residents of Georgia. He angered his cabinet and divided the residents of Georgia. He was not good at interacting with Native Americans. He was not good at interacting with Native Americans. This skill was especially important since his tenure began around the beginning of the French and Indian War. This skill was especially important since his tenure began around the beginning of the French and Indian War. The French and Indian War was the North American phase of a war between France and Britain to control land in the colonies, lasting from 1754 to The French and Indian War was the North American phase of a war between France and Britain to control land in the colonies, lasting from 1754 to 1763.

7 Royal Governors During this time, many Native American attacks plagued Georgia settlers. During this time, many Native American attacks plagued Georgia settlers. Many Georgians were unhappy with John Reynolds. Many Georgians were unhappy with John Reynolds. They wrote to England and asked for his removal. They wrote to England and asked for his removal. Lord Halifax responded, and appointed a new royal governor. Lord Halifax responded, and appointed a new royal governor.

8 Royal Governors Henry Ellis governed Georgia from 1757 to Henry Ellis governed Georgia from 1757 to He built a solid foundation for Georgia. He had skills that Reynolds did not. He built a solid foundation for Georgia. He had skills that Reynolds did not. He set up a budget and regulated trade with the Native Americans. He set up a budget and regulated trade with the Native Americans. He also built forts and tried to abolish slavery. He also built forts and tried to abolish slavery.

9 Royal Governors Ellis’s most important skill involved his communication with Native American tribes. Ellis’s most important skill involved his communication with Native American tribes. He held on to the friendship of the Creek Nation and declared Georgia’s authority to control the Indian trade. He held on to the friendship of the Creek Nation and declared Georgia’s authority to control the Indian trade. By 1760, an ailing Ellis left Georgia and the governor position. By 1760, an ailing Ellis left Georgia and the governor position.

10 Royal Governors The next royal governor was James Wright. The next royal governor was James Wright. James Wright was very popular and held the governor’s position for sixteen years, from 1760 to James Wright was very popular and held the governor’s position for sixteen years, from 1760 to Wright came to Georgia with his experience as attorney general of South Carolina. Wright came to Georgia with his experience as attorney general of South Carolina. That coupled with the benefit of having seasoned Georgians who served in the assembly, helped Wright develop Georgia during his term. That coupled with the benefit of having seasoned Georgians who served in the assembly, helped Wright develop Georgia during his term.

11 Royal Governors The peace settlement of the French and Indian War made much more land available for settlement. The peace settlement of the French and Indian War made much more land available for settlement. This increased the size of Georgia. This increased the size of Georgia. Georgia now had land all the way south to the St. Mary’s River, and all the way west to the Mississippi River. Georgia now had land all the way south to the St. Mary’s River, and all the way west to the Mississippi River.

12 Land Grants Settlers who came to the colony by way of the Trust’s charity, were limited to fifty-acre land grants. Settlers who came to the colony by way of the Trust’s charity, were limited to fifty-acre land grants. Those who paid their way could have up to 500 acres of land. Those who paid their way could have up to 500 acres of land. Those who paid their way were required to have at least one servant or family member for every fifty acres of their grant. Those who paid their way were required to have at least one servant or family member for every fifty acres of their grant.

13 Land Grants This rule helped ensure that enough men were available to defend the colony. This rule helped ensure that enough men were available to defend the colony. At that time, only men could own land, but settlers protested. At that time, only men could own land, but settlers protested. The men wanted their wives and daughters to be able to inherit their land. The men wanted their wives and daughters to be able to inherit their land.

14 Life in Colonial Georgia Colonial Georgia was a land of farmers. Colonial Georgia was a land of farmers. Most women worked in the home. Most women worked in the home. They prepared food, cared for clothing, and planted and harvested. They prepared food, cared for clothing, and planted and harvested. Children also contributed to the growth of the colony. Children also contributed to the growth of the colony.

15 Life in Colonial Georgia The trustees hoped families would provide both labor and stability for the new colony. The trustees hoped families would provide both labor and stability for the new colony. People often lived in homes made from tabby. People often lived in homes made from tabby. Tabby is a mixture of mortar and lime that was common as a building material through the colonial period in the coastal Southeast. Tabby is a mixture of mortar and lime that was common as a building material through the colonial period in the coastal Southeast.

16 Life in Colonial Georgia English, Salzburgers, Germans, Scots, Irish, and Sephardic Jews were all early settlers of Georgia. English, Salzburgers, Germans, Scots, Irish, and Sephardic Jews were all early settlers of Georgia. When the slavery ban was lifted in 1750, life changed in the colony. When the slavery ban was lifted in 1750, life changed in the colony. Many plantation owners from South Carolina moved to Georgia to expand their slave-based economy. Many plantation owners from South Carolina moved to Georgia to expand their slave-based economy.

17 Life in Colonial Georgia As a result, tens of thousands of Africans were enslaved and brought to Georgia to work on rice plantations. As a result, tens of thousands of Africans were enslaved and brought to Georgia to work on rice plantations. The beginning of African slavery changed the economy of the region. The beginning of African slavery changed the economy of the region. Plantation owners established socioeconomic structures and relationships that dominated Georgia’s economy and government. Plantation owners established socioeconomic structures and relationships that dominated Georgia’s economy and government.

18 Slavery During the beginning of Trustee period, Georgia’s state law prohibited slavery. During the beginning of Trustee period, Georgia’s state law prohibited slavery. However, wealthy colonists who could afford to buy enslaved people, demanded to be allowed to bring them to Georgia. However, wealthy colonists who could afford to buy enslaved people, demanded to be allowed to bring them to Georgia. In 1750, the trustees who governed Georgia at the time lifted the ban on slavery. In 1750, the trustees who governed Georgia at the time lifted the ban on slavery.

19 Slavery Between 1750 and 1775, the number of Africans living in slavery increased from 500 to 18,000. Between 1750 and 1775, the number of Africans living in slavery increased from 500 to 18,000. These Africans had no rights. These Africans had no rights. They were not allowed to marry, or live where they wanted, or even learn to read. They were not allowed to marry, or live where they wanted, or even learn to read.

20 Slavery They had to work and live in the harsh conditions of the Georgia rice fields. They had to work and live in the harsh conditions of the Georgia rice fields. Rebellion against slave owners was almost impossible. Rebellion against slave owners was almost impossible. Punishment included beatings, whippings, separation from friends or family, and even death. Punishment included beatings, whippings, separation from friends or family, and even death.

21 End of the Royal Colony In 1776, at the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, Georgia declared its independence from the British Crown along with other British colonies. In 1776, at the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, Georgia declared its independence from the British Crown along with other British colonies.

22 Summary Explain the evolution of the Georgia colony from the end of the trustee colony to the start of the Revolutionary War. Explain the evolution of the Georgia colony from the end of the trustee colony to the start of the Revolutionary War.


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