Presentation on theme: "Georgia as a Royal Colony"— Presentation transcript:
1Georgia as a Royal Colony King George II Takes Control
2Oglethorpe and the Trustees A proprietary (or Trustee) colony was a colony directed by those to whom a charter had been granted.Unfortunately, Oglethorpe’s dream was not fulfilled.Few debtors reached GeorgiaEconomy was a failurePeople were unhappy with the Trustees’ rules
4Georgia Becomes a Royal Colony Georgia became a royal colony in the yearA royal colony was a colony directly governed by the King.When this happened, people who had left the proprietary (Trustee) colony moved back, often bringing slaves with them.
5New Seal for GeorgiaThis new seal is a symbol of Georgia’s role in Great Britain’s plan of mercantilism.It was hoped that Georgia would become a great producer of silk and other raw materials for the crown.
6Changes in a Royal Colony During the Trustee (or proprietary) period, the trustees believed that the first Georgia settlers were not able to govern themselves.The settlers were not given the right to vote, hold elections, or collect taxes.This all changes when Georgia becomes a royal colony.
7The First Royal Governor Georgia’s first royal governor, Captain John Reynolds, arrived on October 1, 1754.Governor Reynolds is appointed by King George IIUnlike the Trustees, Governor Reynolds believed that the colonists were able to govern themselves and he wanted the colonists to help run the government.Reynolds was greeted in Georgia by cheering crowds.
9Thumbs Up OR DownIn a proprietary colony, Georgians were allowed to govern themselves.
10The Legislative BodyA bicameral, or two chamber, legislature was set up to represent the eight parishes of the colony.A parish was both a church and a British government district.The two chambers of the new government were called the Commons House of Assembly and the Governor’s Council.
12Thumbs Up OR DownAs a royal colony, the new Georgia government created a bicameral legislature (a two house law making body).
13The Lower House The lower house was the Commons House of Assembly. This house was made up colonists who wanted to participate in the government, but they had to own at least 500 acres of land to do so.
14Thumbs Up OR DownPeople are elected to serve in the Commons House of Assembly.
15The Upper HouseThe upper house was the Governor’s Council and these men were appointed by the King of England. Their 4 main jobs were to:Advise the GovernorApprove land grantsMake lawsAct as judges when needed
16Thumbs Up OR DownPeople are elected to serve in the Governor’s Council.
17General AssemblyOn January 7, 1755, the General Assembly (made up of the Commons House of Assembly and the Governor’s Council) met for the first time in Savannah, which was Georgia’s largest city and capital.
19Royal Governor Henry Ellis In 1757 Henry Ellis replaced the 1st Royal Governor.With Governor Ellis, the population of the colony grew to about 10,000, which included3,600 slaves.
20Economic Gains Under Ellis Governor Ellis was a popular governor, and, under his direction, the colony made economic gains.There were more and profitable farms.There were more merchants with a variety of items to sell, so the colonists were able to buy the things they could not grow or manufacture.
21Royal Governor James Wright In 1759, Governor Ellis became ill and asked to go back to Great Britain. He was replaced by Georgia’s third and final royal governor, the Honorable James Wright.He was loyal to the king, but he wanted the colonists to do well.He believed that Georgia would continue to grow if:Large farms were even biggerTrading expandedThe western lands in Georgia were opened to the settlers.
23The Colony Grows Under Governor Wright Defensive palisades constructed around SavannahRice and indigo become profitableSilk production growsMore schools create higher literacy ratesBUT…Schools were for the wealthyMore people wanted to be involved in governmentUndesirable people move into western part of the colony (nicknamed “Crackers”)
24What do you think?As a colonist, would you be happier in the royal colony or in the proprietary (Trustee) colony? List two reasons why.
26It all started in 1754………..65 years of disputes between France and Great Britain caused the French and Indian War. Both England and France wanted to control land in North America. With the help of the Native Americans and the colonists, British won the war against France. They now controlled more land in North America.
27North America: Before and After Before the French & Indian WarAfter Proclamation of 1763
28French and Indian War Ends…………… Georgia did not take part in the war but it was helped by it. After the war, Georgia western boundary at the Mississippi River. But a few months later, King George II issued the Proclamation of (1) It moved the state’s southern boundary to the St. Mary’s River. (2)Forbade colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. (3) Britain placed 10,000 troops along the line to enforce the law
30Victory has a cost!!The French and Indian War left Britain greatly in debt.King George III raised money to pay back Britain’s war debt by taxing the colonists.However, the colonists did not have representatives in Britain’s government.