2PreviewSlavery in America began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, to aid in the production of such lucrative crops as tobacco.Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African-American slaves helped build the economic foundations of the new nation.By the mid-19th century, America's westward expansion, along with a growing abolition movement in the North, would provoke a great debate over slavery that would tear the nation apart in the bloody American Civil War ( ).
3Reach Into Your Background What actions would you take to get something you really wanted? What would you do to hold on to something that was already yours?(5 minutes)
4Partner ActivityWork with a neighbor and compare your answers with theirs. What things are the same and what things are different?(3 minutes)
5Key Ideas- SlaverySlavery was an ancient practice of taking captives in war.Muslims traded with East Africans for slaves.The transatlantic slave trade began after Europeans set up colonies in the Americas.Slavery devastated those parts of Africa from which slaves were taken.
6Capture and the Middle Passage Most slaves were captured by other Africans.West Africa is where the majority of slaves came from.After capture, Africans were packed tightly into slave ships.The death rate of the “passengers” was 50%.
7Slaves were BRANDED with this tool (permanent burn scar) to show they were property.
9Destination, Auction, and Seasoning Most Africans landed in Brazil with the least number landing in North America.Slaves were auctioned off to the highest bidder.They learned a European language, were named a European name, and were shown labor requirements.
10The Beginnings of Slavery in the United States The Portuguese and Spanish had already brought Africans to South and Latin America.In 1619, the first Africans were brought to the colony Jamestown, Virginia by the Dutch.
11Why Not Enslave the Native Population? Native Americans were highly likely to catch European diseases.They were familiar with the terrain and could escape easier.They had political allies that could fight against the “owners.”
12Reasons for Using Enslaved African Labor Experience-They had previous experience and knowledge working in sugar and rice production.Immunity from diseases-Less likely to get sick due to prolonged contact over centuries.Low escape possibilities-They did not know the land, had no allies, and were highly visible because of skin color.
13Anthony JohnsonHe was an African brought to the colonies in the 1620s.He obtained his freedom, and purchased 250 acres of land in Virginia.He owned both slaves and white indentured servants.This shows that blacks were not thought of strictly as slaves until the 1660s.
14The Effects of the American Revolution and the Constitution Gradual abolition of slavery in the northern colonies.End of the Atlantic Slave Trade in 1808.Entrenchment of slavery in the South with the invention of the cotton gin in 1793 by Eli Whitney.
15Life of a Slave Most slaves had Sundays off and they went to church. Most slaves could not read or write, and it was illegal for them to learn.Slave Codes-They could not: leave their home without a pass, carry a weapon, gather in groups, own property, legally marry, defend themselves against a white person, or speak in court.
16Resistance Flight-Slaves would run away. Refusal to reproduce-Women refused to have children.Covert Action-Slaves would sometimes kill animals, destroy crops, start fires, steal stuff, break tools, and poison food.
17Punishment Slaves were often brutally punished for misbehaving. Punishments included: whipping, branding, being sold, gagged (silence), and other torturous methods were used.
18Underground RailroadMany abolitionists, white and black, tried to help Southern slaves escape to freedom through the Underground Railroad.
19Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman was an ex-slave who continued to go back to the South and help people find freedom even though her life was constantly in danger.
21Famous PeopleFrederick Douglass, a former slave, was able to communicate the plight of slaves as no one else could. He sought to embody three keys for success in life:Believe in yourself.Take advantage of every opportunity.Use the power of spoken and written language to effect positive change for yourself and society.
22Video- Frederick Douglass America the Story of UsVideo- Frederick Douglass
23Many freed slaves went on to fight for the side of the North during the Civil War.
24Jog the WebWhy would the rapid expansion of agriculture in the Americas cause an increased demand for slaves?Why did the Atlantic Slave Trade last as long as it did?What impact did the slave trade have on African society?What role did Africans themselves play in the continuation of the Atlantic trade of enslaved people?