Presentation on theme: "Slavery in America. Table of Contents History of Slavery The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Slavery in America (Click Title to go to Content)"— Presentation transcript:
Slavery in America
Table of Contents History of Slavery The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Slavery in America (Click Title to go to Content)
History of Slavery
When Did Slavery Start? Slavery has existed throughout history – All People, Blacks, Whites, etc. The first slaves were introduced to the western hemisphere by the Spanish and Portuguese around Between 1500 and 1865 (the year the civil war ended) between 9-12 million were brought to the western hemisphere
Why Africans? Why not Native Americans? – Disease – Knowledge of local geography Easier to run away – Military Resistance
Indentured Servants Plantation owners would pay for Europeans to come to America and in return they would be slaves for 3-7 years. Problems: – Easier to run away (blended in) – High turnover rate
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Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
Slave ships averaged 200 slaves The trip took 3-6 weeks 15-20% died Ratio of Males to females, 2:1 10% Children
Click on the slaves to go to the Table of contents and see what their lives were like in America
Slavery in America
Slave Codes Couldn’t vote, own firearms, own land. Not allowed to gather in large groups (ex. church). Required to meet a curfew. Illegal to learn to read or write. Couldn’t testify in court.
If a slave owner killed his slave there was usually no consequences. They were considered property
African-American Resistance to Slavery “Passive” and “Active”
Passive Resistance Faking sick. Lie, plead ignorance, pretend to forget. “Work Slowdown” Do something wrong on purpose. Break tools “accidentally”
Active resistance Theft: – Chickens, money, watches, etc. Abuse and/or kill farm animals Arson Running away Revolt – 100s, mostly small and spur of the moment.
Problems If you ran away where would you go? – Slave Patrols – Go North? Very difficult. – Go West? Possible but no guarantee of freedom. – Limited knowledge of geography.
Life in the South Rich Plantation owners Stereotypes of the south: either rich plantation owners or hillbillies. Hillbillies The reality was that most people in the south were right in the middle. 76% of whites in the south did NOT own slaves
So why fight the Civil War W B -Permanent White Upper class -Permanent Black Lower class W/B Rich