4 416.2 million hectares of canada is FOREST! Area of ConcentrationForestry by Company (below)Forestry within Canada (most popular places) (above)416.2 million hectares of canada is FOREST!
5 Forest Regions of Canada Commercial ForestNon Commercial ForestNon Forested landBoreal49%24%27%Taiga11%34%55%Montane65%6%29%Mixed47%2%61%West Coast39%7%54%Arctic0%1%99%Prairie4%96%What conclusions can we draw about the location and importance of forestry in a diverse Canada?
6 In what ways are Canada's different forest used for commercial purposes? Boreal- pulp and paper (small trees)Taiga- too far from markets- some for pulp and paperWest Coast Forest- largest volume of wood per hectare, large trees for lumber, cedar shingles and plywoodMontane Forest- 2nd largest volume of wood per hectare , lumber and pulp and paperMixed Forest- conferous trees are used for lumber and pulp and paper, deciduous used for flooring and furniture making, maple, cherry, birch
7 Extraction Shelter wood logging. ↓ Clear cutting in Kelowna, British Columbia.↑Selective cutting, BC ↑
8 EXTRACTION COMPARISON Harvesting ProcessEase of LoggingCostEcologicalProtectionClear CuttingShelterwood loggingSelective CuttingUse page to complete this chart
9 EXTRACTION COMPARISON Harvesting ProcessEase of LoggingCostEcologicalProtectionClear CuttingFastestCheapestNew forest uniform in species and sizeShelterwood loggingEasily Done as small areas are clear cutCheapSee bearing trees leftForest regenerated naturallySelective CuttingMore difficultMore expensiveLess disruptive
10 Transportation Logs being transported by boat.→ Transporting logs by truck from where they have been extracted.↑ →
11 ProcessingSaw mills tend to be much smaller operations than pulp and paperEach mill specializes in a particular marketNumber of saw mills have decline from 900 to 850.New mills replace old fashioned mills that were designed to just saw logs, new mills reduce waster and parts of the log that were thrown out 30 years ago are now used eg. Particle board and bark and sawdust are burned to help power the mill
12 ProcessingSTEP 1STEP 22 blades cut off parts of the wood that cant be used. ←STEP 3While being examined blades cut the logs in to needed sizes. ↑Logs are sent down a conveyer belt to be shipped off.→
13 Processing- Bark Removal STEP 1Using pressure jets of water to remove bark.Doesn’t work in area with cold climateSTEP 3STEP 2Very efficient
14 1 in 16 jobs inovolve some kind of foresty. Economic Importance1 in 16 jobs inovolve some kind of foresty.33% of all our exports is forestry. The highest % of any group.Forestry creates direct jobs and indirect ones. →←We make 81 billion dollars a year off lumber. 40 billion dollars of wood is exported.
15 What economic impact does the forestry industry have in Canada? Pulp and Paper Quebec ( million), Ontario ( million) and British Columbia (6264 million ) have most mills (other provinces million)Lumber- British Columbia ( million) Quebec (8032 million) Ontario (5664 million) 5610 million from other provinces
16 Economic Importance-Cont. Canada's Largest ProductLumberUSAMajorityJapanEurope
17 Production Problems Wasted lumber from production. Plywood↑ Multi wood chips↓Biggest problem in production. Solution have been created though.
18 ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES FACING THE INDUSTRY ACID PRECIPITATIONCAUSED BY EMISSIONS FROM FACTORIESPREVAILING WINDS CARRY EMISSIONSTREES ARE WEAKENED AND TURN YELLOWTHOSE THAT DON’T DIE OUTRIGHT GROW MORE SLOWLYAcid precipitation
19 Environmental Challenges Facing the Industry Mountain pine beetle that has been devouring forests.Once clear-cut trees cannot provide humus for the soil making it extremely hard for anything to grow back.Unhealthy soil.←
20 Environmental Issues Created by Forest Industry Unfertile soil.→Habitat loss.Global warming increased.Destroyed ecozones.Air pollution.
21 Future ProspectsLUMBERNeed for lumber is at its highest and will just keep increasingMany new homes and suburbs being built.New city development→The need for paper is high.
22 THREE ISSUES TWO VIEWS ISSUES CORPORATE VIEW ENVIRONMENTALIST VIEW Rad page 320 and 321 to SUMMARIZE their viewsISSUESCORPORATE VIEWENVIRONMENTALIST VIEWClear CuttingAerial spraying of PesticidesGlobal Competition