Presentation on theme: "Usages of Verb Infinitives Sp. 3 H c.9. Verb Infinitives: 1.Infinitives are typically introduced by a conjugated verb: ie...Quiero hacer algo hoy. I want."— Presentation transcript:
Verb Infinitives: 1.Infinitives are typically introduced by a conjugated verb: ie...Quiero hacer algo hoy. I want to do something today.
Verb Infinitives: 2. Infinitives are always used following prepositions: (in English – typically present participles) ie…Por estudiar, …… By studying …. Después de comer … After eating …
Common Prepositions: ParaAntes de DeA Después deEn Al lado deCon Cerca deA pesar de Lejos deHasta SinEn caso de PorEn vez de
Verb Infinitives: 3. Infinitives are used after QUE in phrases such as algo que, poco que, mucho que, tanto que and nada que: ie…Tenían mucho que hacer. They had a lot to do.
Verb Infinitives: 4. Infinitives are frequently used after impersonal expressions: ie…Es importante estudiar cada día. It is important to study each day. Es difícil cortar la carne. It is difficult to cut meat.
Verb Infinitives: 5. If the object or clause doesn’t follow the infinitive then this construction is used: “object+ADJ+de+infinitive” ie…La carne es difícil de cortar. Meat is hard to cut. Español es fácil de aprender. Spanish is easy to learn.
Verb Infinitives: 6. Some verbs take on different meanings when the are followed by certain prepositions: ie…Hay - There is (are) Hay que- One must Debe - should Debe de - must
Verb Infinitives: 6. Some verbs take on different meanings when the are followed by certain prepositions: ie…Estar para – to be about to Estar por – to be in favor of Tener – to have (no inf.) Tener que – to have to (always inf.)
Verb Infinitives: 7. Infinitives are used in some circular expressions or casual commands: ie…¿Ella relarjarse? Her, relax? ¡A estudiar! Off to study!
Verb Infinitives: 8. AL + infinitive means ON or UPON DOING SOMETHING: ie…Al estudiar Upon studying
Verb Infinitives: 9. Hacer or mandar can be used with an infinitive to express to have some done: (an IOP is typically used in this formation) ie…El professor les hizo contestar las preguntas. The professor had them answer the questions.
Verb Infinitives: 10. When an EL is placed in front of an infinitive, it is nominalized (made into a noun): ie…El fumar contamina el aire. Smoking contaminates the air.