# Density Energy’s Role in the Properties of Matter.

## Presentation on theme: "Density Energy’s Role in the Properties of Matter."— Presentation transcript:

Density Energy’s Role in the Properties of Matter

Agenda Opening Opening – Engage: Magic Candle? Work period Work period – Explore: Group Work – Explain: Using Models – Report Out Closing – Closing – – Elaborate: ELA Integration – Evaluate: Formative Assessment STEM Pre-Assessment

What is energy? The capacity to do work (Work = force x distance) (Force = mass x acceleration) The capacity to do work (Work = force x distance) (Force = mass x acceleration) It causes matter to move It causes matter to move It causes changes in matter It causes changes in matter It is a property of matter (matter = the stuff of the universe) (matter = anything that has mass and volume) It is a property of matter (matter = the stuff of the universe) (matter = anything that has mass and volume)

What is energy? Kinetic EnergyPotential Energy Energy of Position (Stored Energy) Energy of Motion

What is energy? Kinetic EnergyPotential Energy Energy of Position Energy of Motion Temperature HotCold Solid Gas

Student Friendly Standard Matter is made of particles whose properties determine what we see and how it acts. Observe & describe properties of matter in relation to mass, volume and density. Use Science Inquiry Graphic Organizer – OWL Observe Inquiry Lesson Planning – 5-E Model

5E: An Inquiry Lesson Plan Engage Engage Explore Explore Explain Explain Elaborate Elaborate Evaluate Evaluate

O-W-L Chart Observations –Use senses and inquiry skills to record Qualitative and/or Quantitative Data. Observations –Use senses and inquiry skills to record Qualitative and/or Quantitative Data.

Engage: How did that happen?

O-W-L Chart Observations –Use senses and inquiry skills to record Qualitative and/or Quantitative Data Observations –Use senses and inquiry skills to record Qualitative and/or Quantitative Data Wonderings – Write appropriate “Why? And How?” Questions. Wonderings – Write appropriate “Why? And How?” Questions.

Amazing Candle Trick

Amazing Candle Trick: Revealed! 4 4 4 4 4 4 44 4 4 AIR Carbon Dioxide = 44 AIR is O 2 & N = 32 = 28 Helium= 4 AIR

Everything wants to get to the ground. a) Explain this:

It wants to get to the ground…even if it can’t. b) Explain this:

Explore: Grade-Level Groups Yes!!! PreK-K: Sink or Float PreK-K: Sink or Float 1-3 Amazing Water Trick 1-3 Amazing Water Trick 4-Sp.Ed: Air Teeter-Totter 4-Sp.Ed: Air Teeter-Totter 5-6: Psychedelic Lava 5-6: Psychedelic Lava

Explain: Using Models Report Out Using Models Report Out Using Models Clarify any Misconceptions Clarify any Misconceptions

Sink or Float: Revealed! And simply rearranging the stuff can affect whether or not it can get to the ground.

Amazing Water Trick: Revealed! Water Molecules = 18 When you add energy, the particles move apart…and can then move against gravity as a whole The particles with lower energy are the sinkers… Same volume, different mass because the warmer water particles spread out The colder water sinks with gravity, the warmer water rises (gets pushed up) against gravity

Air Teeter-Totter: Revealed!

Psychedelic Lava: Revealed!

The definition of matter is anything with mass and volume The definition of matter is anything with mass and volume Density, which is a ratio of mass and volume, is a very hard concept to teach Density, which is a ratio of mass and volume, is a very hard concept to teach Use the words mass and volume when playing with buoyancy, sink and float, “floatiness,” or whatever. Use the words mass and volume when playing with buoyancy, sink and float, “floatiness,” or whatever. The point…so far:

Elaborate: ELA Connections Readers- Using Mentor Text, iOpeners, BookTreks Readers- Using Mentor Text, iOpeners, BookTreks Writers-Procedural, Informational Writers-Procedural, Informational Graphic Organizers- OWL, Webs, Kidspiration Graphic Organizers- OWL, Webs, Kidspiration Elements-Cause & Effect, Prediction, Main Idea Elements-Cause & Effect, Prediction, Main Idea Where does this fit in YOUR curriculum? Where does this fit in YOUR curriculum? Interested in a Study Group??? Interested in a Study Group???

Fact or Misconception? Gases have mass. Gases have mass.

Fact or Misconception? Air and Oxygen are the same gas. Air and Oxygen are the same gas.

Fact or Misconception? Mass and volume, which both describe an “amount of matter,” are the same property. Mass and volume, which both describe an “amount of matter,” are the same property.

Fact or Misconception? Expansion of matter is caused by increased particle spacing, rather than expanding particles. Expansion of matter is caused by increased particle spacing, rather than expanding particles.

Fact or Misconception? There is no relationship between matter and energy There is no relationship between matter and energy

Evaluate: O-W-L Chart Observations –Use senses and inquiry skills to record Qualitative and/or Quantitative Data Observations –Use senses and inquiry skills to record Qualitative and/or Quantitative Data Wonderings – Write appropriate “Why? And How?” Questions. Wonderings – Write appropriate “Why? And How?” Questions. Learnings – Using Accountable Words, what did you learn? Learnings – Using Accountable Words, what did you learn?

Evaluate: LEARNINGS Matter has mass and volume Matter has mass and volume Things with mass are affected by gravity/FORCE Things with mass are affected by gravity/FORCE Volume can change if you change the temperature Volume can change if you change the temperature

STEM Pre-Assessment - Library Joanne A. Debbie B. Johanna B. Tammy C. Ed C. Jennifer C. Wendy D. Betty H. Carolyn H. Lori K. Fran K. Trish K. Mike K. Jan L. Christine M. Linus M. Nancy P. Margaret R. Caren S. Rhonda V. Joanne W. Kate B. Lisa B. Mary E. Lisa R. Lisa V. Julie F. Carrie C.

BEFORE YOU LEAVE… Please make sure you: 1. Signed in for Last Thursday 2. Signed in for Today 3. Complete Evaluation for Today 4. Turn in your STEM Pre-Assessment Thanks!!! Kim