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Steps to a More Effective Power Tool Cleaning Presented by: Earl Bowry, Jotun Paints, Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "Steps to a More Effective Power Tool Cleaning Presented by: Earl Bowry, Jotun Paints, Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Steps to a More Effective Power Tool Cleaning Presented by: Earl Bowry, Jotun Paints, Inc

2 Introduction This webinar will explain power tool cleaning and how to effectively remove loose rust, loose mill scale, and loose paint. –The presentation will describe two types of power tools, electrical and pneumatic –It will describe how the use of high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) will reduce air pollution –It will describe how power tools are used for spot cleaning of damaged coatings, when contamination of adjacent areas by abrasive is unacceptable and when a surface-tolerant coating such as oil-based paint is to be used

3 Power Tool Cleaning Is a method of preparing steel surfaces by the use of power assisted hand held tools

4 Power Tool Cleaning Cleans by impact, abrasion or both Used frequently for spot cleaning of damaged coatings Is commonly used to clean difficult to reach areas or missed areas after abrasive blasting Is used when other forms of surface preparation are not possible or cost effective

5 Power Tool Cleaning Two Basic Types: –Electric –Air Driven

6 Power Tool Cleaning Pros: –Can be done in confined areas or where abrasive blasting will damage sensitive equipment Cons: –Slow and physically tiring for the operator –Power tool cleaning media wears out and has to be replaced during the work

7 Power Tool Safety Eye and face protection is required to prevent injury caused by flying particles Ear protection is required because of the loud, constant noise Wear gloves, boots and hard hats if the particular job requires it

8 Power Tool Safety Never run electrical tools in wet areas Use ground fault interrupters Use respirators to filter dust and debris Power tools can create sparks, so take care when using near volatile vapors and combustibles

9 Contractor Safety Responsibilities Provide proper safety equipment for the job being performed Train workers to use the safety equipment

10 Worker Safety Responsibilities Be familiar with the safety equipment provided Make sure safety equipment is in good working condition You are responsible for your actions!!

11 Owner Safety Responsibilities Assure that proper safety practices are followed

12 Types of Power Tools 3 different types of power tools used for surface preparation: –Impact cleaning tools –Rotary cleaning tools –Rotary impact cleaning tools

13 Common Electrical and Pneumatic Equipment Sanders Wire brushes, wheels & grinders Chipping hammers Scalers Rotary/Impact tools Needle guns

14 Sanders Important note: Grit size and distribution (open/closed) are important factors

15 Wire Brushes, Wheels & Grinders Important Note: Wire type and hardness are important factors

16 Chisel Scaler Important Note: Generally used for large scale particle removal

17 Flapper Wheels Use: Can quickly remove heavy layers of rust and paint.

18 Rotary/Impact Cleaning

19 Needle Guns Important Note: Needles can get dull fast and may need to be replaced several times in a work shift

20 Reduction of Air Pollution High efficiency particulate air (HEPA) vacuum lines attached to reduce air pollution and collect debris produced in cleaning operation

21 HEPA High-efficiency particulate air HEPA is a type of air filter To qualify as HEPA by US government standards, an air filter must remove (from the air that passes through) 99.97% of particles that have a size of 0.3 micrometers or larger

22 Specifications The specifications governing power tool cleaning are: –SSPC-SP 3, Power Tool Cleaning –SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal –SSPC-SP 15, Commercial Grade Power Tool Cleaning –ISO , Hand and Power Tool Cleaning

23 SSPC-SP 1, Solvent Cleaning SSPC-SP 3, SSPC-SP 11 and SSPC-SP 15 require removal of all oil, grease, dirt, etc. in accordance with SSPC-SP 1, Solvent Cleaning, before cleaning with power tools

24 SSPC-SP 3, Power Tool Cleaning Removal of loose rust, loose mill scale, and loose paint to degree specified Intact materials may remain such as: – Mill scale – Rust – Paint Materials considered intact if they cannot be removed by lifting with a dull putty knife

25 SSPC-SP 3, Power Tool Cleaning Specified when rigorous surface preparation is not required, such as a dry interior

26 SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal Remove tightly adherent materials to produce a surface that is visibly free from all rust, mill scale and old coatings No staining permitted Slight residue permitted in bottom of pits if the original surface was pitted Requires a 1 mil minimum surface profile

27 SSPC-SP 11, Power Tool Cleaning to Bare Metal Examples of circumstances where this specification may be applied are: –Touch-up of welded or damaged areas of erection assemblies –Reducing volume of hazardous waste produced by abrasive blasting –Cleaning around sensitive equipment or machinery

28 SSPC-SP 15, Commercial Grade Power Tool Cleaning Requires the removal of all paint, rust, mill scale and other foreign matter Allows random staining on 33% of each unit area (9 in 2 ) Slight residue permitted in bottom of pits if the original surface was pitted Requires a 1 mil minimum surface profile

29 ISO 8501 Combines hand and power tool cleaning in one standard Has two grades of Cleaning: –St 2 – Remove all oil, dirt and poorly adhering mill scale, rust, paint and foreign matter –St 3 – Same as St 2 but more thoroughly cleaned until a metallic sheen is observed

30 Surface Profile ASTM D4417, Method B (Unless Otherwise Specified) –Digital Surface Profile depth micrometer

31 Profilometer

32 Surface Profile: SSPC-PA 17 Procedure for Determining Conformance to Steel Profile/Surface Roughness/Peak Count Requirements –Describes a procedure suitable for shop or field use for determining compliance with specified profile ranges on a steel substrate

33 SSPC-VIS 3 Guide and Reference Photographs for Steel Surfaces Prepared by Power- and Hand-Tool Cleaning

34 SSPC-VIS 3 This guide describes the use of reference photographs depicting the appearance of unpainted, painted, rusted, and welded hot-rolled carbon steel prior to and after power and hand tool cleaning These photographs are intended to be used to supplement the written SSPC power and hand tool surface preparation standards

35 SSPC-VIS 3 Initial Conditions Condition A: Steel surface completely covered with adherent mill scale; little or no rust visible Condition B: Steel surface covered with mill scale and rust Condition C: Steel surface completely covered with rust; little or no pitting visible

36 SSPC-VIS 3 Initial Conditions Condition D: Steel surface completely covered with rust; pitting visible Condition E: Previously painted steel surface; light colored paint applied over blast cleaned surface, paint mostly intact Condition F: Previously painted steel surface; zinc-rich paint applied over blast cleaned steel, paint mostly intact

37 SSPC-VIS 3 Initial Conditions Condition G: Painting system applied over mill scale bearing steel; system thoroughly weathered, thoroughly blistered, or thoroughly stained

38 SSPC-VIS 3 Steps Determine initial condition of steel –Select the photograph of the condition that most closely represents the appearance of the steel to be cleaned Determine the power tool cleaning level to be achieved (SP 3, 11 or 15) Select the tool to achieve the specified level of cleanliness Use the photos in VIS 3 that represent the end condition based on the proper tool and specified level of cleanliness (i.e., SP 3/PWB)

39 Summary Use of portable power tools- pneumatic and electric- is common for cleaning operations. Through careful selection and use of the great variety of power tools and accessories, many cleaning operations can be accomplished rapidly and produce satisfactory surface conditions with reasonable labor costs and good paint life

40 Questions?????


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