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Challenging “Be All That You Can Be” Oskar Castro, Dennis Mills, & Nina Laboy Swords Into Plowshares Countering the Militarization of our Youth Song.

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Presentation on theme: "Challenging “Be All That You Can Be” Oskar Castro, Dennis Mills, & Nina Laboy Swords Into Plowshares Countering the Militarization of our Youth Song."— Presentation transcript:

1 Challenging “Be All That You Can Be” Oskar Castro, Dennis Mills, & Nina Laboy Swords Into Plowshares Countering the Militarization of our Youth Song

2 How are we ‘militarized?’ Toys Entertainment media History Continual wars Fears No Child Left Behind School Programs -- JROTC Song

3 "If we are to have real peace, we must begin with the children." Mahatma Gandhi

4 How are we ‘militarized?’ Toys

5 Burp Gun, Listen up, Mouseketeers! This World War II-inspired gun got its boost on The Mickey Mouse Club. 1959

6 Dress Blues Teddy Bear Dress Blues Figurine The Hamilton Collection $19.95 “ Standing at attention, sword in hand, this stalwart Marine bear is ready to defend honor and country.” “He's 5" tall, and every inch an American hero.”

7 Navy Paddington Bear Absence Makes A Friendship Stronger Figurine This patriotic little sailor knows "Absence Makes A Friendship Stronger." Dressed in his crisp, white uniform and carrying his Navy-issued knapsack, he's ready and willing to serve wherever adventure takes him. This loyal teddy is a great way to show your patriotic pride for the Navy, and is part of Priscilla Hillman's popular Cherished Teddies® collection. $17.50

8 G.I. Joe Battle Gear: Crowd Control Police Age: 5 Years Price: $9.99 Hasbro

9 “Platoon” Movie-inspired Figures Movie Inspired Figures by Sideshow - Platoon $114.95 Big Boy War Toys

10 Army Forward Command Post It is a bullet-riddled shell of a house, complete with a soldier in military combat gear, weapons, ammunition and even sandbags. There are two versions of "Forward Command Post": one for children 5 years old and older; the other for children 3 and older. $44.95 2002-2003 Dirty Dozen List The Lion & Lamb Project (by Ever Sparkle Industrial Co. Ltd) To cover most militaries in the world today, you can opt for the white or "ethnic" (brown) soldier.

11 Reality for Palestinians! Destroyed Police Station next to Friends School

12 2-Story Command Center with Action Figure Now $69.99 Unassembled. Ages 4 and up. Imported from China. 96-pc. set

13 G.I. Joe® Mobile Missile Launcher $69.99 Lights and battle sounds Soft-tip darts BIG! 35-in. long 35x6.75x12.5-in. high. Requires 4 "C" batteries (not included). Ages 5 and up. Imported from China.

14 Intelligence Headquarters with 2 Action Figures $16.99 Figures are 11.5-in. high. 47-pc. set. Compatible with 11.5-12 in. action figures and accessories. Unassembled. Ages 5 and up. Imported from China.

15 War Toys by J.C/ Penney “Ages 3 and up"

16 G.I Joe Army Rangers Collection: Long Range Sniper by Hasbro by Hasbro Price: $19.99

17 National Guard 'Homeland Security Amy' (complete with a "magazine-fed, air-cooled, gas-operated" M16A2 Rifle)--

18 Martial Easter Baskets Arrive in Stores In some Easter baskets carried by Kmart and Walgreens, the traditional chocolate bunny centerpiece has been displaced by plastic camouflaged soldiers either holding machine guns, grenades, large knives, pistols, or rounds of ammunition. Rite Aid and Wal-Mart stores expect similar Martial Easter baskets to arrive on shelves soon.

19 War Toys for Pets?

20 war toys teach children that: war is a game, an exciting adventure killing is acceptable, even fun. violence or the threat of violence is the only way to resolve conflicts. the world is divided into "goodies" and "baddies" where the bad guys are devoid of human qualities and their destruction is desirable.

21 But when children play war they learn to: Create two sides, "ours" and "theirs.“ Solve arguments by fighting. Use guns and other war equipment as toys. Praise and reward the use of violence and physical strength. Start fights and make enemies.

22 But when children play war they learn to: Think that people don't suffer or die in war. Make war seem like an OK thing to do. Make their people seem better than other people. Make boys seem more important than girls.

23 A violent toy is a toy that... Promotes violence and aggression as the best way to settle disputes Depicts violent actions as fun, harmless, and "cool" Encourages children to act out aggressive scenarios Fosters aggressive competition Depends on "enemies" that need to be "destroyed" by children. The Lion & Lamb Project 4300 Montgomery Avenue - Suite 104, Bethesda, Maryland 20814

24 Hasbro and the U.S. Army Mr. Whitaker at the U.S. Soldier Systems Center in Natick said that in several cases, the center has provided toy manufacturers with images of their future efforts. The Objective Force Warrior, the next generation of uniform and equipment for soldiers, with a helmet that integrates scopes and communication devices, has been shown to Hasbro. The Army might not have it until 2010.

25 Hasbro and the U.S. Army The $20.3 billion toy industry is closely watching the Iraq war with an eye toward new product introductions for Christmas. And seated next to it at the television set, flipping through the same news weeklies and military enthusiast magazines, is the $10.3 billion video game industry.

26 Toymakers Study Troops, and Vice Versa "The M-16 rifle is based on something Mattel did," said Glenn Flood, a spokesman for the Pentagon, which is looking to toys and electronic games for parts, prototypes and ideas that can be developed effectively and inexpensively as battlefield tools.

27 Toymakers Study Troops, and Vice Versa Inspiration has come from model airplanes (reconnaissance drones), "supersoaker" water guns (quick- loading assault weapons), cheap cellular phones for teenagers (video- capable walkie-talkies) and gaming control panels (for unmanned robotic vehicles).

28 Dr. Murray's MRI Imaging Research "The brain treats entertainment violence as something significant and something real -- and it stores this violence as long-term memory." When children watch violent movies, they know that they are watching make-believe scenes-- yet their brains process the images as "real" and store those images in the same place where real- life traumatic events are stored. John P. Murray, Ph.D. Professor of Developmental Psychology School of Family Studies and Human Services Kansas State University

29 Dr. Murray's MRI Imaging Research Children store memories of violent entertainment images in the same part of the brain where veterans store severe post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) memories and where women store memories of rape. "These children are forming indelible memories," he said, adding that these memories are quickly recalled and can be used as guides for future behavior. John P. Murray, Ph.D. Professor of Developmental Psychology School of Family Studies and Human Services Kansas State University

30 How are we ‘militarized?’ Entertainment media

31 Freedom Fighters – Nintendo Game Cube An alternate history Freedom Fighters is based on an alternate history in which the Soviet Union has won the Cold War and invaded America. You will take on the role of an average New Yorker named Christopher Stone and evolve into a fearless patriot who recruits and leads an army. Players will fight through the streets of New York City with seamless urban battles that take place outside as well as indoors. Nintendo Gamecube

32 “America’s Army” Video 2 Years and $8 million to develop Makes war entertaining Army claims on any given weekend, 400,000 join in Military can track those who score well

33 “America’s Army Challenge Tour

34 Play free Vietnam War Games Online

35 How are we ‘militarized?’ Advertising

36 Wall Mart PSA "Bill G. Harmon, a Virginia native, stops to watch the U. S. Marine Corps' 'Family Photos' public service announcement at Wal-Mart's home theater section in Stafford, Va.

37 U.S. Army Uses, to Get Recruits May 6 (Bloomberg) -- Doolan Stymie was scrolling through job listings on when he spotted an ad for a mapmaker. He ended up at the employer's Web site: “The military is embracing the Internet as an employee recruitment tool more aggressively,” spokeswoman Jenny Sullivan said. More than half of the 77,587 personnel recruited last year clicked onto an Army Web page or Internet job link before donning fatigues, said Lt. Gen. Frank Hagenbeck, Army deputy chief of staff for personnel.

38 How it was for 200 years There are three separate and independent branches of government – Executive, Judicial and Legislative – that check and balance each other. U.S. government is an open one in which decisions are made in the public square. No one can be deprived of life, liberty or property without fundamental due process protections such as access to legal counsel and the right to a hearing before a judge.

39 What happened?

40 The USA Patriot Act of 2001 (Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism) and the Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003

41 How are we ‘militarized?’ No Child Left Behind

42 No Child Left Behind - NCLB No Child Left Unrecruited The provision, under Section 9528 of the law, requires districts that receive federal funding to share students' names, addresses and phone numbers with military recruiters. pp. 559-560 of 670 pages

43 How it was for 200 years People have the right of privacy from unwarranted government intrusion into their private lives and their homes. America is a land of immigrants and immigrants are “persons” under the Constitution, and are entitled to be treated fairly

44 SEC. 9528. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION a) POLICY- (1) ACCESS TO STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION- Notwithstanding section 444(a)(5)(B) of the General Education Provisions Act and except as provided in paragraph (2), each local educational agency receiving assistance under this Act shall provide, on a request made by military recruiters or an institution of higher education, access to secondary school students names, addresses, and telephone listings.

45 SEC. 9528. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION (2) CONSENT- A secondary school student or the parent of the student may request that the student's name, address, and telephone listing described in paragraph (1) not be released without prior written parental consent, and the local educational agency or private school shall notify parents of the option to make a request and shall comply with any request.

46 SEC. 9528. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION (3) SAME ACCESS TO STUDENTS- Each local educational agency receiving assistance under this Act shall provide military recruiters the same access to secondary school students as is provided generally to post secondary educational institutions or to prospective employers of those students.

47 SEC. 9528. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION (b) NOTIFICATION- The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall, not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, notify principals, school administrators, and other educators about the requirements of this section.

48 SEC. 9528. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION c) EXCEPTION- The requirements of this section do not apply to a private secondary school that maintains a religious objection to service in the Armed Forces if the objection is verifiable through the corporate or other organizational documents or materials of that school.

49 SEC. 9528. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT RECRUITING INFORMATION (d) SPECIAL RULE- A local educational agency prohibited by Connecticut State law (either explicitly by statute or through statutory interpretation by the State Supreme Court or State Attorney General) from providing military recruiters with information or access as required by this section shall have until May 31, 2002, to comply with that requirement.

50 October 26, 2001 President Bush signed an expansive 342-page bill into law on October 26, 2001 - less than six weeks after the attacks. The pressure to pass the Act had been so great that there was virtually no time for public hearings or debate. The final version of the bill was drawn up by a select group of officials from the administration and Congress, who met hurriedly behind closed doors. Most members of Congress did not even have the opportunity to read the final version before it came up for a vote.

51 The Bush Administration has Refused to Share Information Congressional concern has been particularly acute as it relates to the withholding of information from members of congressional oversight committees. One recent dispute concerned the administration’s refusal to disclose documents on the allocation of the antiterrorism funds that Congress, itself, had authorized. Another was the demand for information on antiterrorism measures taken under the auspices of the USA PATRIOT Act - a statute Congress had passed, at the urging of the administration, in the immediate aftermath of September 11. The House Judiciary Committee actually asked the FBI a few months ago how it has used the new powers that had been given to it under the Patriot Act. And the Justice department said, "We can't tell you that information, it's classified."

52 Domestic Surveillance The FBI can carry out surveillance on domestic religious, civic and political groups, even when there is no suspicion of wrong-doing. The Attorney General amended the regulations without any public debate or consultation with Congress. FBI agents can now keep records of people who attend places of worship – mosques, synagogues, and churches – as well as those who attend meetings of non-governmental groups. To do this, they may covertly attend political or religious gatherings, surf internet sites, and mine commercial databases. They can do all of this without showing any reason to suspect any criminal activity.

53 Operation TIPS Terrorism Information and Prevention System Officially described as “a national system for concerned workers to report suspicious activity.” The goal is to enlist 11 million civilians (or about four percent of the U.S. population) to report on the “suspicious activity” of others. John McCutcheon

54 Read the fine print before enlisting “Law and regulations that govern military personnel may change without notice to me. Such changes may affect my status, pay, allowances, benefits and responsibilities as a member of the Armed Forces regardless of the provisions of this enlistment/re- enlistment document.” The contract ensures that the military is not bound by any promise made to you by the recruiter or even by the contract itself.

55 Resources

56 Youth and Militarism Program - AFSC Oskar Castro, Program Associate The AFSC National Youth and Militarism Program works to reduce the impacts of war and military institutions on young people's lives. We aim to halt the growing influence of the military in US schools and help students and educators work for peace and better education in their communities. We also support those who refuse to participate in militarism and work to expand every person's right to walk away from war and violence.

57 Military Myths: Combating Military Recruitment in the Classroom A Five-Day Classroom Curriculum Created by Teachers for Teachers “Military Myths” video $25 (plus $5 shipping)

58 Addicted to War Book Prices 1 book = $10 (includes First Class US postage) Send Check, Money Order or use PayPal (US currency only) to the following address: Frank Dorrel P.O. Box 3261 Culver City, Calif. 90231-3261

59 Counter-Recruitment.Org This site will also serve as a networking tool for students, parents, teachers, veterans and other activists who want to speak out against the continued deceptive recruiting techniques the U.S. Military uses in order to continually fill their recruiting quotas. We will feature information on Counter-Recruiting, Anti-Draft, Conscientious Objectors, and anything else that is relevant.

60 “In Harm’s Way”

61 “Do you know enough to enlist?”

62 News on the Growing Counter Military Recruiting Movement aims to chronicle the growing counter military recruiting movement across the country. It is a project of The Indypendent, the newspaper of the New York City Independent Media Center.

63 Leave My Child Alone Adopt-A-School-Board Kit Top 5 to Know About A School Board Outing Optimum Opt Out Resolution & Sample Letter School Board Flyer Top 5 to Know About Military Recruitment

64 “Deceptions in Military Recruiting: an Ex-Insider Speaks Out” Chris White gives an overview about how military recruiters are routinely dishonest.

65 WATIR- Washington Truth in Recruiting

66 Teen Peace - Conscientious Objector Project

67 “The Myths of Military Opportunity” The Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors’ webpage “The Myths of Military Opportunity” debunks many of the assumptions about serving in the military. enlist/myths.html

68 “Enlisting in the Military: A Closer Look at the Enlistment Contract” “Enlisting in the Military: A Closer Look at the Enlistment Contract” by the Support Network for an Armed Forces Union shows what the military contract guarantees and what it is not responsible for.

69 Military Free Zone


71 Legal Basis for Equal Access Ninth CIRCUIT COURT RULING: CONFRONTING MILITARISM BY USING EQUAL ACCESS TO HIGH SCHOOLS Ninth Circuit Court Ruling: San Diego Committee Against Registration and the Draft (CARD) v. the Governing Board of the Grossmont Union High School District June 6, 1986 Atlanta Federal Appellate Case Guarantees Equal Access to Schools for Military Critics April 1987

72 Countering Junior Recruitment


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