Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter Ten Mindfulness, Flow, and Spirituality Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter Ten Mindfulness, Flow, and Spirituality Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Ten Mindfulness, Flow, and Spirituality Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

2 Mindfulness  Ellen Langer, Harvard - studies mindfulness - research on perceived control in older adults in residential care - value of “minding” daily choices Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

3 Mindfulness  mindfulness = health and well-being  Age related decline partially due to accepting negative stereotypes…mindfully not accepting these = age better Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

4 Mindfulness as a State of Mind  not very well understood  a flexible state of mind  openness to and active search for novelty  present-focus Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

5 Mindfulness as a State of Mind  Being mindful requires: 1. overcoming the desire to reduce uncertainty in daily life 2. overriding engagement in automatic behaviors 3. decreasing evaluations of self, others, & situations Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

6 Mindfulness as a State of Mind  Bishop and colleagues (2004) - 2 component system of mindfulness: 1. self-regulated attention 2. emotional openness Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

7 Mindfulness as a State of Mind  Definition by mindfulness practitioners: - attending nonjudgmentally to all stimuli in the internal & external environments Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

8 Mindfulness Qualities Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

9 Mindfulness Qualities Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

10 Mindfulness Qualities Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

11 Benefits of Mindfulness  aim of mindfulness meditation: “development of deep insight into the nature of mental processes, consciousness, identity, and reality, and the development of optimal states of psychological well-being and consciousness” - Walsh, 1983 Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

12 Benefits of Mindfulness  Jon Kabat- Zinn, U. of Massachusetts - adapted ancient Eastern meditation practices - created a form of mindfulness meditation for use with chronic pain and anxiety Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

13 Research on the Benefits of Mindfulness  for hospital patients  for medical and pre-med students  for cancer patients  for adolescents with mental illness Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

14 Research on the Benefits of Mindfulness  Mindfulness for more than stress relief!  Affiliative trust  Oneness motivation  Mindful parenting  Increased spiritual experiences Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

15 Research on the Benefits of Mindfulness  Mindfulness for more than stress relief!  Enhancement of counseling skills  Increased counseling self-efficacy  development of cultural intelligence (CQ) Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

16 Cultural Intelligence  Thomas (2006) - “the ability to interact effectively with people who are culturally different” - mindfulness as a link between behavior and knowledge - awareness of biases, noting context of situations, tuning into different worldviews Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

17 Flow  Mihaly “Mike” Csikzentmihalyi - 1960s, studied the creative process - observed states of engagement - extensive interviews - experience sampling method Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

18 Flow  Conditions of flow: 1. challenge – skills balance 2. clear proximal goals & immediate feedback Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

19 Flow Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

20 Flow  Subjective experience of flow: - intense & focused concentration - merging of action & awareness - loss of self-consciousness Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

21 Flow  Subjective experience of flow: - sense of control - distortion of time - process is rewarding Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

22 Flow Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

23 Flow  Autotelic personality: - cluster of personality variables related to ability to achieve flow - preference for high-action-opportunity, high-skills situations - tend to experience little stress when in flow quadrant Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

24 Flow  Longitudinal research: - academics - work - sports Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

25 Culture and Flow  Chinese students: - flow when skill level is higher than challenge level (Moneta, 2004) Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

26 Fostering Flow  2 paths to increase engagement: 1. finding & shaping activities & environments 2. identifying personal characteristics & attentional skills Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

27 Spirituality  “The feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that arise from a search for the sacred” (Hill et al.)  a universal strength of transcendence (Peterson & Seligman)  often blurred with religion and faith Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

28 Spirituality  associated with: - mental health - managing substance abuse - marital functioning - parenting Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

29 Spirituality  associated with: - coping - mortality - well-being - purpose & meaning - hope & optimism Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE

30 Spirituality  How spirituality leads to positive outcomes is unclear  Connection may be bidirectional Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE


Download ppt "Chapter Ten Mindfulness, Flow, and Spirituality Positive Psychology: The Scientific and Practical Explorations of Human Strengths © 2010 SAGE."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google