Presentation on theme: "Rural Life Changes Chapter 5, Lesson 1 Mr. Julian’s 5 th Grade class."— Presentation transcript:
Rural Life Changes Chapter 5, Lesson 1 Mr. Julian’s 5 th Grade class
Essential Question n How did new machines and technologies affect the lives of people living in rural areas?
Places n Walnut Grove, Virginia n Ahwahnee Valley, California n Appleton, Wisconsin
People n Cyrus McCormick n L.O. Colvin n Gustav de Laval n Ellen Eglui n Aaron Montgomery Ward n Richard Sears n Alvah C. Roebuck
Vocabulary n Manual labor n Mechanization n Reaper n Threshing machine
Mechanization on the Farm n Farming in the early 1800’s was difficult. n Manual labor, or doing a job by hand, without the help of machines, was the only way tasks were completed on the farm. n Mechanization, or doing work using machines, dramatically changed farming.
Mechanization on the Farm n In 1834 Cyrus McCormick perfected the mechanical reaper, a machine that cuts grain. n Steam engines were used to run threshing machines that separated the grain from the plant stalks. n In 1862 L.O. Colvin developed the first milking machine.
Mechanization on the Farm n The cream separator invented by Gustav de Laval cut down the time to separate cream just minutes. n As farms increased in size, farmers could sow fields with crops to sell. n These were called “cash crops” because farmers grew them to make money.
Industry’s Impact n Factories were producing many products like Ellen Eglui’s wringer machine. n Farmers and people living in rural areas did not have the ability to buy some of these products, as most of their materials were still made by hand. n Aaron Montgomery Ward started a mail order establishment which helped people that did not live near cities to get the same goods.
Industry’s Impact n In 1893 Richard Sears and Alvah C. Roebuck formed a mail order company that grew bigger than all other mail order companies. n They promised that their prices were the cheapest and would deliver any product you requested.
Getting Connected n Telephones connected people from around the country. n A factory owner could call a supplier with a request without having to travel. n Emergencies were also less frightening as you could call a doctor or the police. n Telephone rate were very expensive and some rural had no phones at all.
Getting Connected n When Alexander Graham Bell’s patent expired in 1893 small telephone companies began to form in rural areas. n One of the fist rural areas to get phone service was Ahwahee Valley, California.
Electrifying the Countryside n People knew of electric power for many years. n The first battery was made in n The first electric motor was made in n The problem was making enough power stations to deliver the electricity. n The first power station opened in San Francisco in 1879.
Electrifying the Countryside n The first hydroelectric plant opened in 1882 in Appleton, Wisconsin. n The power plant in Appleton helped run the paper mill and electric streetcars. n Farmers, however still would not get power for many years to come. n In 1936, the rural Electrification Act gave money to help create power stations that would give electricity to rural areas.
Timeline n Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical reaper n First electric power station opened in San Francisco n New telephone companies formed when Bell’s patent expired.
Review Questions n How did advances in mechanization affect farmers in the late 1800’s? n How did the growth of the industry make it easier for farmers to get goods?