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Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 3 a.a. 2013/2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 3 a.a. 2013/2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 3 a.a. 2013/2014

2 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  Review of Lesson 1-2:  a/an,  the,  plurals,  this, these, that, those  Wh- words ( what/which/when/where/how/who/why? )

3 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  We use a/an with a singular noun: a bus, a car, a dog, a fast car  We use an with a noun starting with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u):  an African elephant, an elephant, an Indian elephant, an old car, an umbrella BUT sometimes the initial u is pronounced / ʌ / (an uncle, an ugly man), sometimes it is pronounced /ju:/ (a union, a university).

4 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  We use the with singular and plural nouns  Unlike a/an, we use the to refer to something specific Examples:  The student is writing his exam  Students study every day  The students of this faculty come to classes every day

5 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde In order to make the plural of a noun, we need to add an –s to the word end Examples:  door – doors  window – windows  girl – girls  car – cars  book – books

6 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  Nouns ending with ch, sh, s, x, add –es: watches, successes, churches, boxes, lashes  Nouns ending in –y preceded by a consonant go through a morphological change when adding –es: countries, dictionaries, butterflies BUT keys, boys

7 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  person/people*, man/men, woman/women, child/children**, tooth/teeth, foot/feet * The regular form persons is mainly found in public notices, for example to indicate the number of people allowed in an elevator (BrE, lift) ** kid (plural: kids) is informal both for children and teenagers  Some nouns, especially those referring to animals, have a single form, both for the singular and the plural: sheep/sheep, fish/fish

8 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  We use this/these for things near us: this is my pen, these are my trousers  We use that/those for things far away: that is an American car, those clothes are Italian * This and that are singular, these and those are plural

9 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Today’s INPUT:  a/an + jobs,  Present Simple of verbs  possessive ‘s,  Adjectives  Telling time + RC on Stress  Adverbs of Frequency  Prepositions of time

10 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  I’m a doctor – I work as a doctor  She’s a nurse – She works as a nurse  They are engineers – They work as engineers Listening p. 21 Ex. A(2.11)

11 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Job/ProfessionWorkplace/Place of employment 1) a lecturera) a hospital 2) a clerkb) a law firm / a lawyer’s office 3) a surgeonc) a factory 4) a builderd) a library 5) a factory workere) a university 6) a waiter (M) / a waitress (F)f) a kitchen 7) an accountantg) an office 8) a lawyerh) a law court / a courthouse 9) a judgei) an office 10) an actor (M) / an actress (F)l) a restaurant or a café 11) a librarianm) a building/construction site 12) a chef / a cookn) a theatre

12 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde Job/ProfessionWorkplace/Place of employment 1) a lecturere) a university 2) a clerkg) an office 3) a surgeona) a hospital 4) a builderm) a building/construction site 5) a factory workerc) a factory 6) a waiter (M) / a waitress (F)l) a restaurant or a café 7) an accountanti) an office 8) a lawyerb) a law firm / a lawyer’s office 9) a judgeh) a law court / a courthouse 10) an actor (M) / an actress (F)n) a theatre 11) a librariand) a library 12) a chef / a cookf) a kitchen

13 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde PRESENT SIMPLE p. 124 Typically British? p. 16 What is typically British for foreigners? Nicolae No children under 12 in Pubs Alexandra No smoking in public places Carlos Stop when pedestrians crossing at zebra sign Marilia People eat fast food regularly

14 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde PRESENT SIMPLE p. 124

15 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde PRESENT SIMPLE p. 124

16 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde PRESENT SIMPLE p. 124

17 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde The family p. 145

18 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  We use ‘s with a person to talk about relatives and possessions: my brother’s car, my daughter’s school, my parents’ house  We don’t use ‘s with things: NOT the house’s roof BUT the roof of the house / the house roof

19 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  They always precede the noun they refer to: a beautiful dress, a pretty girl, a happy child  They are neutral and, therefore, they never take the plural: my gorgeous nieces, my nice neighbors, my new pencils, my wonderful friends  They don’t agree on number and gender

20 A big elephant and a small elephant. A happy baby and a sad baby

21 A tall basketball player and a short basketball player An old woman and a young girl An old car and a new car p. 146

22 READING COMPREHENSION p. 30

23 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  It’s + time: it’s half past seven (BrE) v. it’s seven thirty (AmE) (7.30)  Also: What’s the time?  At is used to introduce when: I get up at 7 o’clock  It’s five past nine (9.05), it’s twenty-five to ten (9.35)

24 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 23 twenty-three 24 twenty-four 25 twenty-five 26 twenty-six 27 twenty-seven 28 twenty-eight 29 twenty-nine 30 thirty

25 31 thirty-one 40 forty 42 forty-two 53 fifty-three 64 sixty-four 75 seventy-five 86 eighty-six 97 ninety-seven 100 one hundred Pronunciation: 13 thirTEEN (second syllable) BUT 30 THIRty (first syllable)

26 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  HOW OFTEN … ? E.g., How often do you go to the gym?  SAfVO: Subject + Adverb of frequency + Verb + Object E.g., Jane always plays tennis on Saturdays - I normally go twice a week.  W/ to be adverb goes after: to be + adv. E.g., they are sometimes boring

27 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  Never/hardly ever – the verb goes in the affirmative form: e.g., She never watches TV, He hardly ever goes swimming  Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, never, hardly ever, sometimes, often, normally, usually e.g., I usually play volleyball on Mondays and Thursdays

28 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde INAT In + part of the day (in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening) In + year (in 1983) In + month (in September) In + seasons (in the winter) At + night, at + midnight, at + midday At + lunchtime At + the weekend At + hour (at 3 o’clock) At + holiday (at Christmas, at Easter, at new Year) ON/ On + date (on July 17th, on March 13th 1972) On + week day (on Monday) On + week day + part of the day (on Tuesday morning) On + my birthday On + Christmas Day, on + Easter Day Next Last Tomorrow Today

29 Olga Denti & Luisanna Fodde  Exercises pp  Connectors (and, or, but, because) and sequencers (then, before/after)  Homework: Write an article for a magazine: “ My favourite day ”. Follow the instructions on pg. 37. Send it to:


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