Presentation on theme: "Olga Denti CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 3 a.a. 2014/2015."— Presentation transcript:
Olga Denti CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 3 a.a. 2014/2015
Olga Denti Review of Unit 1-2: a/an, the, plurals, a/an + jobs, possessive ‘s, this, these, that, those Adjectives Telling time + RC on Stress Adverbs of Frequency Prepositions of time
Olga Denti We use a/an with a singular noun: a bus, a car, a dog, a fast car We use an with a noun starting with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u): an African elephant, an elephant, an Indian elephant, an old car, an umbrella BUT sometimes the initial u is pronounced / ʌ / (an uncle, an ugly man), sometimes it is pronounced /ju:/ (a union, a university).
Olga Denti I’m a doctor – I work as a doctor She’s a nurse – She works as a nurse They are engineers – They work as engineers
Olga Denti Job/ProfessionWorkplace/Place of employment a lecturera university a clerk (impiegato/a)an office a surgeon (chirurgo)a hospital a builder (muratore)a building/construction site a factory workera factory a waiter (M)/a waitress (F)a restaurant or a café an accountant (ragioniere)an office a lawyer (avvocato)a law firm/a lawyer’s office a judge (giudice)a law court/a courthouse an actor (M)/an actress (F)a theatre a librarian (bibliotecario/a)a library a chef/a cooka kitchen
Olga Denti We use the with singular and plural nouns Unlike a/an, we use the to refer to something specific Examples: The student is writing his exam Students study every day The students of this faculty come to classes every day
Olga Denti In order to make the plural of a noun, we need to add an –s to the word end Examples: door – doors window – windows girl – girls car – cars book – books
Olga Denti Nouns ending with ch, sh, s, x, add –es: watches, successes, churches, boxes, lashes Nouns ending in –y preceded by a consonant go through a morphological change when adding –es: countries, dictionaries, butterflies BUT keys, boys
Olga Denti person/people*, man/men, woman/women, child/children**, tooth/teeth, foot/feet * The regular form persons is mainly found in public notices, for example to indicate the number of people allowed in an elevator (BrE, lift) ** kid (plural: kids) is informal both for children and teenagers Some nouns, especially those referring to animals, have a single form, both for the singular and the plural: sheep/sheep, fish/fish
Olga Denti We use this/these for things near us: this is my pen, these are my trousers We use that/those for things far away: that is an American car, those clothes are Italian * This and that are singular, these and those are plural
Olga Denti We use ‘s with a person to talk about relatives and possessions: my brother’s car, my daughter’s school, my parents’ house We don’t use ‘s with things: NOT the house’s roof BUT the roof of the house / the house roof
Olga Denti They always precede the noun they refer to: a beautiful dress, a pretty girl, a happy child They are neutral and, therefore, they never take the plural: my gorgeous nieces, my nice neighbors, my new pencils, my wonderful friends They don’t agree on number and gender
A big elephant and a small elephant. A happy baby and a sad baby
A tall basketball player and a short basketball player An old woman and a young girl An old car and a new car
Olga Denti It’s + time: it’s half past seven (BrE) v. it’s seven thirty (AmE) (7.30) Also: What’s the time? At is used to introduce when: I get up at 7 o’clock It’s five past nine (9.05), it’s twenty-five to ten (9.35)
Olga Denti 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 23 twenty-three 24 twenty-four 25 twenty-five 26 twenty-six 27 twenty-seven 28 twenty-eight 29 twenty-nine 30 thirty
Olga Denti HOW OFTEN … ? SAfVO: Subject + Adverb of frequency + Verb except for the verb to be. In this case, the adverb goes after to be E.g., Jane always plays tennis on Saturdays; they are sometimes boring How often do you go to the gym? I normally go twice a week.
Olga Denti Never/hardly ever – the verb goes in the affirmative form: e.g., She never watches TV, He hardly ever goes swimming Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, never, hardly ever, sometimes, often, normally, usually I usually play volleyball on Mondays and Thursdays
Olga Denti INAT In + part of the day (in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening) In + year (in 1983) In + month (in September) In + seasons (in the winter) At + night, at + midnight, at + midday At + lunchtime At + the weekend At + hour (at 3 o’clock) At + holiday (at Christmas, at Easter, at new Year) ON/ On + date (on July 17th, on March 13th 1972) On + week day (on Monday) On + week day + part of the day (on Tuesday morning) On + my birthday On + Christmas Day, on + Easter Day Next Last Tomorrow Today
Olga Denti Exercises pp. 36-37 Connectors (and, or, but, because) and sequencers (then, before/after) Homework: Write an article for a magazine: “My favourite day”. Follow the instructions. Send it to email@example.com@unica.it
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