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Olga Denti CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 3 a.a. 2014/2015.

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Presentation on theme: "Olga Denti CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 3 a.a. 2014/2015."— Presentation transcript:

1 Olga Denti CdL Economia e Gestione Aziendale UNIT 3 a.a. 2014/2015

2 Olga Denti  Review of Unit 1-2: a/an, the, plurals, a/an + jobs, possessive ‘s, this, these, that, those  Adjectives  Telling time + RC on Stress  Adverbs of Frequency  Prepositions of time

3 Olga Denti  We use a/an with a singular noun: a bus, a car, a dog, a fast car  We use an with a noun starting with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u):  an African elephant, an elephant, an Indian elephant, an old car, an umbrella BUT sometimes the initial u is pronounced / ʌ / (an uncle, an ugly man), sometimes it is pronounced /ju:/ (a union, a university).

4 Olga Denti  I’m a doctor – I work as a doctor  She’s a nurse – She works as a nurse  They are engineers – They work as engineers

5 Olga Denti Job/ProfessionWorkplace/Place of employment a lecturera university a clerk (impiegato/a)an office a surgeon (chirurgo)a hospital a builder (muratore)a building/construction site a factory workera factory a waiter (M)/a waitress (F)a restaurant or a café an accountant (ragioniere)an office a lawyer (avvocato)a law firm/a lawyer’s office a judge (giudice)a law court/a courthouse an actor (M)/an actress (F)a theatre a librarian (bibliotecario/a)a library a chef/a cooka kitchen

6 Olga Denti  We use the with singular and plural nouns  Unlike a/an, we use the to refer to something specific Examples:  The student is writing his exam  Students study every day  The students of this faculty come to classes every day

7 Olga Denti In order to make the plural of a noun, we need to add an –s to the word end Examples:  door – doors  window – windows  girl – girls  car – cars  book – books

8 Olga Denti  Nouns ending with ch, sh, s, x, add –es: watches, successes, churches, boxes, lashes  Nouns ending in –y preceded by a consonant go through a morphological change when adding –es: countries, dictionaries, butterflies BUT keys, boys

9 Olga Denti  person/people*, man/men, woman/women, child/children**, tooth/teeth, foot/feet * The regular form persons is mainly found in public notices, for example to indicate the number of people allowed in an elevator (BrE, lift) ** kid (plural: kids) is informal both for children and teenagers  Some nouns, especially those referring to animals, have a single form, both for the singular and the plural: sheep/sheep, fish/fish

10 Olga Denti  We use this/these for things near us: this is my pen, these are my trousers  We use that/those for things far away: that is an American car, those clothes are Italian * This and that are singular, these and those are plural

11 Olga Denti  We use ‘s with a person to talk about relatives and possessions: my brother’s car, my daughter’s school, my parents’ house  We don’t use ‘s with things: NOT the house’s roof BUT the roof of the house / the house roof

12 Olga Denti  They always precede the noun they refer to: a beautiful dress, a pretty girl, a happy child  They are neutral and, therefore, they never take the plural: my gorgeous nieces, my nice neighbors, my new pencils, my wonderful friends  They don’t agree on number and gender

13 A big elephant and a small elephant. A happy baby and a sad baby

14 A tall basketball player and a short basketball player An old woman and a young girl An old car and a new car

15 Olga Denti  It’s + time: it’s half past seven (BrE) v. it’s seven thirty (AmE) (7.30)  Also: What’s the time?  At is used to introduce when: I get up at 7 o’clock  It’s five past nine (9.05), it’s twenty-five to ten (9.35)

16 Olga Denti 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 23 twenty-three 24 twenty-four 25 twenty-five 26 twenty-six 27 twenty-seven 28 twenty-eight 29 twenty-nine 30 thirty

17 31 thirty-one 40 forty 42 forty-two 53 fifty-three 64 sixty-four 75 seventy-five 86 eighty-six 97 ninety-seven 100 one hundred Pronunciation: 13 thirTEEN (second syllable) BUT 30 THIRty (first syllable)


19 Olga Denti  HOW OFTEN … ?  SAfVO: Subject + Adverb of frequency + Verb except for the verb to be. In this case, the adverb goes after to be  E.g., Jane always plays tennis on Saturdays; they are sometimes boring  How often do you go to the gym? I normally go twice a week.

20 Olga Denti  Never/hardly ever – the verb goes in the affirmative form: e.g., She never watches TV, He hardly ever goes swimming  Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, never, hardly ever, sometimes, often, normally, usually  I usually play volleyball on Mondays and Thursdays

21 Olga Denti INAT In + part of the day (in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening) In + year (in 1983) In + month (in September) In + seasons (in the winter) At + night, at + midnight, at + midday At + lunchtime At + the weekend At + hour (at 3 o’clock) At + holiday (at Christmas, at Easter, at new Year) ON/ On + date (on July 17th, on March 13th 1972) On + week day (on Monday) On + week day + part of the day (on Tuesday morning) On + my birthday On + Christmas Day, on + Easter Day Next Last Tomorrow Today

22 Olga Denti  Exercises pp. 36-37  Connectors (and, or, but, because) and sequencers (then, before/after)  Homework: Write an article for a magazine: “My favourite day”. Follow the instructions. Send it to

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